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Indonesia Palm Oil Industry
2H12

Indonesia Palm Oil Industry 2H12

Description

Indonesia: Palm Oil covers the sector overview, plantation, production, consumption, exports, stocks, prices and world oils and fats. It also covers the market trends in terms of the oleochemical and biodiesel industry developments, industry challenges, policy and taxation, government incentives, sustainable palm oil and market outlook, plus the comparative matrix and SWOT analysis of the industry leading players: PT Astra Agro Lestari Tbk (AALI), PT Sinar Mas Agro Resources & Technology (SMART), PT London Sumatra Indonesia Tbk (LONSUM), PT Sampoerna Agro Tbk (SGRO), and PT BW Plantation Tbk (BWPT).

Summary

Indonesia is the world's largest producer of palm oil and the industry has been the economy's most valuable agricultural export sector for the last decade. The attractive returns and strong demand have encouraged investment in the Indonesian palm oil industry, resulting in significant rural economic development and poverty alleviation.

The Indonesian palm oil industry saw significant growth in recent years, thanks to increasing matured palm areas as well as improvements to the operational productivity of plantation and CPO processing. Indonesia's CPO production reached 25.6mn tonnes in 2012, representing half of the world total. Forecasters expect the country's production to increase to 28mn tonnes in 2013 and 40mn tonnes by 2020. Demand growth remains solid in Indonesia with palm oil consumption of 6.9mn tonnes in 2012, up 9.2% y/y.

The country should be cautious, however. Despite the expected increase in future demand, restrictions on the conversion of forests to oil palm plantations in Indonesia would reduce the availability of fertile land and impede expansion of the industry. Government policies should aim to improve productivity, particularly among smallholders, and implement pro-industry growth policies.

Current leading players in the market include Astra Agro Lestari, Sinar Mas Agro Resources & Technology, London Sumatra Indonesia, Sampoerna Agro and BW Plantation. The industry players posted mixed results in FY/2012 due to lower average selling price and volume of palm products.

  • 1. Industry Profile
    • 1.1 Overview
    • 1.2 Plantation
    • 1.3 Production
    • 1.4 Consumption
    • 1.5 Exports
    • 1.6 Stocks
    • 1.7 Prices
    • 1.8 World oils and fats
  • 2. Market Trends and Outlook
    • 2.1 Industry developments
      • 2.1.1 Oleochemical
      • 2.1.2 Biodiesel
    • 2.2 Industry challenges
      • 2.2.1 Environmental challenges
      • 2.2.2 Land availability constraints
      • 2.2.3 Land rights and degradation
      • 2.2.4 Closing the productivity gap
    • 2.3 Policy and taxation
    • 2.4 Government incentives
    • 2.5 Sustainable palm oil
    • 2.6 Market outlook
  • 3. Leading players and comparative matrix
    • 3.1 Leading players
      • 3.1.1 PT Astra Agro Lestari Tbk
      • 3.1.2 PT Sinar Mas Agro Resources & Technology
      • 3.1.3 PT London Sumatra Indonesia Tbk
      • 3.1.4 PT Sampoerna Agro Tbk
      • 3.1.5 PT BW Plantation Tbk
    • 3.2 Comparative matrix
    • 3.3 SWOT analysis
  • 4. Tables and Charts
  • List of Tables
    • Table 1: Palm oil closing stocks (2008-2012) ('000 tonnes)
    • Table 2: Plantation land prices and income yields in 2011
    • Table 3: Old and new Indonesian palm oil export taxes (effective Sep 15, 2011)
    • Table 4: AALI operational highlight (2012 vs. 2011)
    • Table 5: AALI five-year financial highlight Table 6: SMART operational highlight (2012 vs. 2011)
    • Table 7: SMART five-year financial highlight
    • Table 8: LONSUM operational highlight (2012 vs. 2011)
    • Table 9: LONSUM five-year financial highlight
    • Table 10: SGRO operational highlight (2012 vs. 2011)
    • Table 11: SGRO five-year financial highlight
    • Table 12: BWPT operational highlight (2011 vs. 2010)
    • Table 13: BWPT five-year financial highlight
    • Table 14: Selected peer comparison of key financials
    • Table 15: Selected peer comparison of operational statistics
  • List of Charts
    • Chart 1: Global palm oil production (2002-2012)
    • Chart 2: Key palm oil areas in Indonesia and Malaysia
    • Chart 3: Palm oil plantation area (2000-2011)
    • Chart 4: Palm oil area by category of producers in 2011
    • Chart 5: Global key palm oil producers in 2012
    • Chart 6: CPO production in Indonesia and Malaysia (2003-2012)
    • Chart 7: Domestic palm oil consumption (2008-2013)
    • Chart 8: Global key palm oil exporters in 2012
    • Chart 9: Domestic palm oil exports by volume (2008-2013)
    • Chart 10: Domestic palm oil exports by value (2002-2012)
    • Chart 11: Price trend of CPO vs. soybean (Oct 2007-Oct 2012) (USD per tonne)
    • Chart 12: World exports of major oils and fats in 2012
    • Chart 13: World production of major oils and fats (2012 vs. 2011)
    • Chart 14: Biodiesel production and export in 2011 ('000 tonnes)
    • Chart 15: CSPO production area (2008-2012)
    • Chart 16: CSPO and CSPK production capacity (2008-2012)
    • Chart 17: CSPO and CSPK supply by country
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