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Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets

  • Publication Date:March 2012
  • Publisher:BCC Research
  • Product Type: Report
  • Pages:160

Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

  • BCC estimates the market for terahertz (THz) radiation devices totaled $83.7 million in 2011. This market will grow to $127 million in 2016. The diversification of the THz market is expected to accelerate after 2016, and the total market should reach $570 million by 2021, a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 35% from 2016 to 2021.
  • THz imaging devices (including the ALMA telescope) is the largest device segment throughout the period under review. It is expected to be nearly $76 million by 2016 and will further reach $248.3 million by the end of 2021, a CAGR of 26.8%.
  • Astronomy research is currently the largest single application of THz systems. It is estimated to be $70 million in 2011, but this market is expected to fall to $35 million by 2016 and will remain the same until 2021

REPORT SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

STUDY BACKGROUND

Over the last hundred years or so, physicists and engineers have progressively learned to exploit new areas of the electromagnetic spectrum. Starting with visible light, they have developed technologies for generating and detecting radiation at both higher and lower frequencies.

Sandwiched between the optical on the short wavelength side and radio on the long wavelength extreme, the terahertz (THz) frequency range (also called the far infrared or submillimeter-wave region) has been the least explored and developed portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. The potential usefulness of THz radiation, with its ability to penetrate a wide range of nonconducting materials, has been known for a long time. The first images generated using THz radiation date from as far back as the 1960s.

However, practical applications of THz radiation have been longer in coming, due to the so-called ""terahertz gap."" The terahertz gap refers to the technologies needed to generate, channel and detect THz radiation subject to real-world constraints such as size, cost and operating temperatures. Recent developments in THz radiation sources, detectors and waveguides have started to close the terahertz gap, opening up a range of potential applications in transportation security, medical imaging, nondestructive testing and other fields.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This report is an update of an earlier BCC Research report, published in 2008. The overall goals of this report include assessing the technological process that has been made toward bridging the terahertz gap and assessing the commercial potential of THz radiation devices over the next five to 10 years. Specific objectives include:

  • Identifying the THz applications that are most likely to achieve significant commercial sales by 2021.
  • Assessing any remaining barriers to their commercialization, and develop quantitative estimates of potential sales.
  • Analyzing promising THz applications in the context of user needs and competing technologies.
  • Developing quantitative market projections through 2021.
  • Identifying companies that are well positioned to profit from these trends.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report is intended especially for marketing executives, entrepreneurs, investors, venture capitalists and other readers with a need to know where the emerging market for THz radiation devices is headed over the next 10 years. Although the report is organized around specific technologies, it is largely nontechnical in nature and coverage. That is, it is concerned less with theory and jargon than with what works, how much of the latter the market is likely to purchase and at what price.

The report has not been written specifically for scientists and technologists. However, the report's findings concerning the market for their work, including the availability of government and corporate research funding for different technologies and applications, should interest them as well.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

The report addresses the emerging global market for THz radiation devices, including the classes of devices listed below.

  • Imaging devices.
  • Spectroscopes.
  • Other sensors.
  • Communications devices.
  • Computing devices.

The study format includes the following major elements:

  • Executive summary.
  • Definitions.
  • General properties of THz radiation.
  • Historical milestones in the development of THz radiation devices.
  • Emerging and developmental THz radiation technologies and applications that have the greatest commercial potential through 2016.
  • Detailed market estimates and projections for each technology and application during the period 2010 to 2016.
  • General assessment of expected market trends in the longer term (2016 to 2021).
  • Industry structure.
  • Patent analysis.

INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY

Projecting the market for emerging technologies, whose commercial potential has not yet been proven, is a challenging task. This is nowhere truer than the THz radiation field, which may help to explain why many analysts focus on supply-side technology assessments.

However, BCC's objective in this report is to provide not just a technology assessment but also an initial commercial assessment of the potential commercial market for THz devices. To accomplish this objective, BCC used a multiphase approach to identify the technologies with the greatest commercial potential and quantify the related markets.

In the first phase of the analysis, BCC identified a long list of THz technologies and applications, including those that are still under development. In the second phase, BCC eliminated those applications that appear to have little likelihood of making it into commercial use in the next five to 10 years, through a literature review and interviews with industry sources. The result of phase two was a short list of THz technologies with the greatest commercial potential over the time period covered by this report.

The third phase focused on quantifying the potential market for each short-listed THz technology, by application, and identifying the main prerequisites for commercial success. Phase three actually had two phases: 1) development of near- to midterm (2011 to 2016) projections and 2) development of longer-term (2016 to 2021) projections.

The development of such long-term projections is a departure from the usual BCC report format, necessitated by the long time frame for commercialization of many of the technologies analyzed in this report. Obviously, the projections for the out-years beyond 2016 are more tentative than the projections for 2011 to 2016.

The specific assumptions and approach BCC used to develop the projections (both near/midterm and long term) for each THz technology and application are documented in detail under the various segments addressed. This way, readers can see how the market estimates were developed and, if they so desire, test the impact on the final numbers of changing the underlying assumptions.

One of the approaches used by BCC deserves special mention here. Particularly in the case of THz applications that are still under development, BCC used the sales performance of non-THz application that share some of the same functions or other characteristics with the respective THz applications as a benchmark for assessing the latter's sales potential.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

Andrew McWilliams, the author of this report, is a partner in the Boston-based international technology and marketing consulting firm, 43rd Parallel LLC. In addition to the previous edition of this report, he is the author of a number of other BCC Research market opportunity reports on emerging technologies, including the following: AVM067B Metamaterials: Technologies and Global Markets; AVM038D Advanced Structural Carbon Products: Fibers, Foams and Composites; AVM023D Smart Materials and Their Applications: Technologies and Global Markets; AVM050B Smart and Interactive Textiles; AVM066B Superconductors: Technologies and Global Markets; IFT061A Enabling Technologies for High-Performance Computing; IFT066A Printed Electronics: The Global Market; and NAN031D Nanotechnology: A Realistic Market Assessment.

  • CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
    • STUDY BACKGROUND
    • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
    • INTENDED AUDIENCE
    • SCOPE AND FORMAT
    • INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY
    • ANALYST CREDENTIALS
    • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
    • BCC ONLINE SERVICES
    • DISCLAIMER
  • CHAPTER TWO: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • SUMMARY TABLE 1 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ
    • RADIATION DEVICES AND SYSTEMS, BY TYPE OF SYSTEM,
    • THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • SUMMARY FIGURE 1 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ
    • RADIATION DEVICES AND SYSTEMS, BY TYPE OF SYSTEM,
    • THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • SUMMARY TABLE 2 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ
    • RADIATION DEVICES AND SYSTEMS, BY APPLICATION,
    • THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • SUMMARY FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ
    • RADIATION DEVICES AND SYSTEMS, BY APPLICATION,
    • THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • CHAPTER THREE: OVERVIEW
    • GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF TERAHERTZ RADIATION
    • DEFINITION AND GENERAL DESCRIPTION
    • PROPERTIES
    • Line of Sight Travel
    • Limited Range
    • Safety
    • Ability to Penetrate Nonconducting Materials
    • Improved Image Resolution/Contrast
    • Absorption by Water and Other Materials
    • Interactions with Metal
    • Spectral Sensitivity
    • HISTORY
    • THZ ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES
    • THZ SOURCES
    • Laser Sources
    • Optically Pumped THz Lasers
    • Ti:Sapphire Femtosecond Laser
    • Quantum Cascade Lasers
    • Free-Electron Lasers
    • Electronic Sources
    • Backward-Wave Oscillators
    • Direct Multiplied Sources
    • Photomixing
    • Hybrid Sources
    • THZ DETECTORS
    • Direct Detectors
    • Bolometers
    • Golay Cells
    • Pyroelectric Detectors
    • Semiconductor Detectors
    • Heterodyne Receivers
    • Schottky Mixers
    • Superconductor-Isolator-Superconductor Mixers
    • Hot Electron Bolometer Mixers
    • THZ WAVEGUIDES
    • Metal Wire Waveguide
    • Other Types of THz Waveguide
    • THZ SWITCHES, REGULATORS, LENSES AND OTHER
    • DEVICES
    • Optically Switched Metamaterial THz Switch
    • Organic Molecule Switching
    • Voltage Controlled Metamaterial THz Modulator
    • Ballistic Deflection THz Transistor
    • THz Lenses, Filters and Windows
    • NEW MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES
    • Nanomaterials
    • Superconductors
    • Metamaterials
    • FIGURE 1 SPLIT RING RESONATOR
    • Graphene
    • Micro-Electromechanical Systems (MEMS)
    • TYPES OF THZ SYSTEMS
    • IMAGING SYSTEMS
    • SPECTROSCOPES
    • SENSORS
    • COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES
    • COMPUTERS
    • POTENTIAL THZ END USES AND APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 1 POTENTIAL END USES AND APPLICATIONS OF THZ
    • RADIATION
    • OVERALL MARKET SIZE AND SEGMENTATION
    • MARKET SIZE
    • FIGURE 2 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS, 2010-
    • 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • APPLICATION SEGMENTS
    • TABLE 2 MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS BY END-USER SEGMENT,
    • THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 3 THZ MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2010-
    • 2021 (% OF TOTAL SALES)
    • FIGURE 3 (CONTINUED)
    • CHAPTER FOUR: THZ IMAGING SYSTEMS: TECHNOLOGIES,
    • APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS, 2010-2021
    • TECHNOLOGIES
    • ACTIVE VS. PASSIVE SYSTEMS
    • TYPE OF ILLUMINATION
    • Pulsed Systems
    • Continuous-Wave Systems
    • TECHNOLOGICAL HURDLES
    • Power
    • Spatial Resolution
    • Signal-to-Noise Ratio
    • Image Acquisition Speed
    • Scattering
    • Cost
    • Non-Line-of-Sight Applications
  • MANUFACTURERS
  • TABLE 3 COMPANIES THAT MANUFACTURE OR ARE DEVELOPING
  • TERAHERTZ IMAGING DEVICES
  • END USES AND APPLICATIONS
  • TABLE 4 POTENTIAL THZ IMAGING END USES AND
  • APPLICATIONS
  • SECURITY/PUBLIC SAFETY
    • Passenger Screening
  • HEALTHCARE
    • Medical Imaging
    • Intraoperative Imaging
    • Skin Cancer Detection
    • Endoscopy
    • Clinical Dentistry
    • Diagnostics
  • MANUFACTURING
    • Process/Quality Control
  • TABLE 5 THZ NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING APPLICATIONS
    • Aerospace
    • Pharmaceuticals
    • Semiconductor Wafer and Circuit Inspection and
    • Testing
    • Other Applications
  • SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
    • Astronomy
    • Art and Archaeology
  • MILITARY/DEFENSE
    • Target Acquisition and Identification
    • Land Mine and IED Detection
  • MARKETS
    • TABLE 6 MARKET FOR THZ IMAGING BY END-USE, 2010-2021 ($
    • MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 4 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ
    • IMAGING SYSTEMS, 2010-2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 5 TRENDS IN THZ IMAGING SYSTEM MARKET SHARES BY
    • TYPE OF APPLICATION, 2010-2021 (% OF TOTAL MARKET)
  • SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY
    • Passenger Screening
  • TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ AND OTHER AIRPORT
    • SECURITY SCREENING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($
    • MILLIONS)
  • HEALTHCARE
  • TABLE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING DEVICES
    • FOR HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2021 ($
    • MILLIONS)
    • Biomedical Imaging
  • TABLE 9 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MEDICAL IMAGING
    • APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Intraoperative Imaging
  • TABLE 10 GLOBAL MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING
    • EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 6 INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES MARKET
  • SHARES, 2010 (PERCENT OF TOTAL INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING
    • EQUIPMENT SALES)
  • TABLE 11 MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE TERAHERTZ IMAGING
    • EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Skin Cancer Detection
  • TABLE 12 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SKIN CANCER
    • IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Endoscopy
    • TABLE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ENDOSCOPES,
    • THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Clinical Dentistry
  • TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DENTAL CARIES
    • IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Diagnostics
    • Burn Diagnosis
  • TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BURN DIAGNOSTIC
    • INSTRUMENTS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MANUFACTURING
    • Nondestructive Testing
  • TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING
    • EQUIPMENT FOR NDT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2021 ($
    • MILLIONS)
  • SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
    • Astronomy
  • FIGURE 7 ALMA THZ TELESCOPE ANTENNA COSTS (% OF TOTAL
    • COST OF A 30M ANTENNA)
  • TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ASTRONOMICAL
    • IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MILITARY/DEFENSE
    • Radar Imaging
  • TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY RADAR
    • APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • Chapter FIVE: TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPES: TECHNOLOGIES,
    • APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS, 2010-2021
  • TECHNOLOGIES
  • SOURCES
  • REFLECTIVE VS. TRANSMISSION DETECTION
  • DETECTORS
  • TECHNOLOGICAL HURDLES
    • Slow Acquisition Speeds
  • END USES AND APPLICATIONS
  • SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
    • Materials Science
    • Biochemistry
    • Plasma Diagnostics
    • Art and Archaeology
    • Environmental and Earth Science
  • MANUFACTURERS
  • TABLE 19 COMPANIES THAT MANUFACTURE OR ARE
  • DEVELOPING TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPES
    • TABLE 19 (CONTINUED)
  • MARKETS
  • SUMMARY
  • FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ
    • SPECTROSCOPY SYSTEMS, 2010-2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
  • TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY
    • EQUIPMENT FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS,
    • THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • Chapter SIX: TERAHERTZ SENSORS: TECHNOLOGIES,
    • APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS, 2010-2021
  • TECHNOLOGIES
  • THZ BIOCHIPS
  • MOISTURE DETECTORS
  • APPLICATIONS
  • TABLE 21 POTENTIAL THZ SENSOR END USES AND
  • APPLICATIONS
  • SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY
    • Chemical Agent Detection
  • HEALTHCARE
    • Medical Diagnostics
  • MANUFACTURING
    • Process/Quality Control
  • AGRICULTURE
    • Measurement of Leaf and Seed Water Content
  • MILITARY/DEFENSE
    • Chemical Agent Detection
  • MARKETS
  • TABLE 22 MARKET FOR THZ SENSORS BY END-USER SEGMENT
    • THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ
    • SENSORS, 2010-2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN THZ SENSOR MARKET SHARES BY ENDUSER
    • SEGMENT, 2010-2021 (% OF TOTAL MARKET)
  • SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY
    • Chemical Agent Detection
  • TABLE 23 GLOBAL SECURITY/PUBLIC SAFETY MARKET FOR THZ
  • CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL
    • DETECTORS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • HEALTHCARE
    • Medical Diagnostics
  • TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN
    • MEDICAL DIAGNOSTICS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2021 ($
    • MILLIONS)
  • MANUFACTURING
    • Process/Quality Control
  • TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN
  • INDUSTRIAL PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH
    • 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Pathogen Detection
  • TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN
  • INDUSTRIAL PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH
    • 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Measurement of Package Moisture Content
  • TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN
  • INDUSTRIAL PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH
    • 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • AGRICULTURE
  • TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MOISTURE
    • SENSORS USED IN AGRICULTURE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MILITARY/DEFENSE
  • TABLE 29 GLOBAL MILITARY/DEFENSE MARKET FOR THZ
  • CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL
    • DETECTORS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • Chapter SEVEN: TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS:
    • TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS, 2010-2021
  • TECHNOLOGIES
  • ANTENNAS
  • EMITTERS
  • MODULATORS
  • FILTERS
  • END USES AND APPLICATIONS
  • SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
  • INDOOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS
  • TACTICAL (MILITARY) COMMUNICATIONS
  • MARKETS
  • SUMMARY
  • TABLE 30 MARKET FOR THZ COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT BY
    • END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ
    • COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, 2010-2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 12 TRENDS IN THZ COMMUNICATION MARKET SHARES
    • BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2010-2021 (% OF TOTAL MARKET)
  • COMMUNICATIONS
  • TABLE 31 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DEVICES USED IN
    • CIVILIAN COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Satellite-to-Satellite Communications
  • TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ CIVILIAN
    • SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2021
    • ($ MILLIONS)
    • Indoor Wireless Communications
  • TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ INDOOR
    • COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MILITARY/DEFENSE
  • TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION
    • DEVICES USED IN MILITARY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2021 ($
    • MILLIONS)
    • Tactical Communications
  • TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ TACTICAL
    • COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Military Satellite Communications
  • TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY
    • SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2021
    • ($ MILLIONS)
  • Chapter EIGHT: TERAHERTZ COMPUTING: TECHNOLOGIES,
    • APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS, 2010-2021
  • TECHNOLOGIES
  • END USES AND APPLICATIONS
    • MARKET
  • TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ HIGH PERFORMANCE
    • COMPUTING INTERCONNECTS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • CHAPTER NINE: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • NATIONALITY
    • FIGURE 13 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY COUNTRY (% OF TOTAL
    • COMPANIES)
    • FIGURE 13 (CONTINUED)
    • ANNUAL SALES
    • FIGURE 14 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES SEGMENTED BY TOTAL
    • ANNUAL REVENUES (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES)
    • FIGURE 15 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY TYPE OF OWNERSHIP (%
    • OF ALL THZ COMPANIES)
    • PRODUCT SPECIALIZATION
    • FIGURE 16 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES SPECIALIZING IN THZ
    • TECHNOLOGY VS. COMPANIES WITH OTHER PRODUCT LINES
    • (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES)
    • COMMERCIALIZATION
    • FIGURE 17 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES WITH COMMERCIAL
    • PRODUCT (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES)
  • CHAPTER TEN: GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED THZ RESEARCH
    • PROGRAMS
    • UNITED STATES
    • FEDERAL LEVEL INITIATIVES
    • Department of Defense
    • Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
    • Terahertz Electronics Program
    • Terahertz Imaging Focal-Plane Technology (TIFT) Project
    • Mission Adaptable Chemical Sensor (MACS) Project
    • U.S. Army
    • U.S. Air Force
    • U.S. Navy
    • Department of Homeland Security
    • Department of Energy
    • National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    • National Science Foundation
    • Integrative, Hybrid and Complex Systems (IHCS)
    • Program
    • National Institutes of Health
    • INDIVIDUAL STATE INITIATIVES
    • EUROPE
    • EUROPEAN UNION
    • Ultrafast Electronics for Terahertz Rapid Analysis in
    • Compact Lab-on-Chip Applications (ULTRA) Project
    • Optically Driven Terahertz Amplifiers (OPTHER) Project
    • Multispectral Terahertz, Infrared, Visible Imaging and
    • Spectroscopy (MUSIS) Project
    • Towards 0.5 Terahertz Silicon/Germanium Hetero-
    • Junction Bipolar Technology (DOTFIVE) Project
    • TeraTOP
    • EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY
    • INDIVIDUAL GOVERNMENTS
    • Germany
    • United Kingdom
    • Italy
    • JAPAN
  • APPENDIX A: COMPANY PROFILES
    • COMPANIES THAT ARE PRODUCING OR KNOWN TO BE
    • DEVELOPING THZ RADIATION-BASED PRODUCTS
    • AB MILLIMETRE
    • ACREO AB
    • ADVANTEST CORP
    • AGILTRON
    • ALPES LASERS SA
    • APPLIED RESEARCH AND PHOTONICS INC
    • BAE SYSTEMS PLC
    • BROADBAND INC
    • BRUKER OPTICS INC
    • CANON INC
    • COHERENT INC
    • DEL MAR PHOTONICS INC
    • EMCORE CORP
    • FEMTOLASERS PRODUKTIONS GMBH
    • GOODRICH CORP
    • INSIGHT PRODUCT CO
    • INNOVATIVE PHOTONICS SOLUTIONS INC
    • INSIGHT PRODUCT CO
    • JENA OPTRONIK GMBH
    • LOCKHEED MARTIN SPACE SYSTEMS
    • LONGWAVE PHOTONICS LLC
    • M SQUARED LASERS LTD
    • MICROTECH INSTRUMENTS INC
    • NORTHROP GRUMMAN CORP
    • NOVATRANS GROUP SA
    • NP PHOTONICS INC
    • OPHIR-SPIRICON INC
    • PICOMETRIX LLC
    • QMC INSTRUMENTS LTD
    • RADIABEAM TECHNOLOGIES LLC
    • RAYTHEON CO
    • SARNOFF CORP
    • SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORP
    • SCIENCETECH INC
    • SMITHS DETECTION INC
    • SPECTRUM DETECTOR INC
    • SPIRE CORP
    • SYNVIEW GMBH
    • TELEDYNE SCIENTIFIC AND IMAGING LLC
    • TERAPHYSICS CORP
    • TERASENSE DEVELOPMENT LABS LLC
    • TERAVIEW LTD
    • THOMAS KEATING LTD
    • TRAYCER DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEMS INC
    • THRUVISION LTD
    • TOCHIGI NIKON CORP
    • TOPTICA PHOTONICS AG
    • TOSHIBA CORPORATION
    • VERISANTE TECHNOLOGY INC
    • VERMONT PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGIES CORP
    • VIRGINIA DIODES INC
    • ZOMEGA TERAHERTZ CORP
    • OTHER COMPANIES THAT ARE CONDUCTING OR HAVE
    • CONDUCTED THZ RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
    • OTHER COMPANIES THAT ARE...(CONTINUED)
  • APPENDIX B: THZ RESEARCH PROGRAMS
    • NORTH-AMERICA-BASED ORGANIZATIONS
    • ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY
    • JEFFERSON NATIONAL ACCELERATOR FACILITY FREE
    • ELECTRON LASER PROGRAM
    • LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY
    • LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY
    • OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY (OSU) TERAHERTZ
    • RESEARCH LABORATORY
    • RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE (RPI) CENTER
    • FOR TERAHERTZ RESEARCH
    • SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORY
    • UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA (SANTA BARBARA) (UCSB)
    • CENTER FOR TERAHERTZ SCIENCE AND
    • TECHNOLOGY
    • UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO MICROWAVE AND
    • TERAHERTZ PHOTONICS INTEGRATED SYSTEM LAB
    • FOREIGN-BASED ORGANIZATIONS
    • ASIA
    • National Institute of Technology, Warangal, Terahertz
    • Science and Technology Center
    • Osaka University Institute of Laser Engineering Division
    • of LaserTerahertz Research
    • Rikagaku Kenkyusho (RIKEN) Terahertz-Wave Research
    • Group
    • EUROPE
    • Aachen University Institute for Semiconductor
    • Electronics
    • Czech Academy of Sciences Laboratory of Terahertz
    • Spectroscopy
    • Braunschweig Technical University Terahertz
    • Communication Lab
    • Fraunhoer Institute for Physical Measurement
    • Techniques
    • Leibniz Gemeinschaft/German Teraherz Center
    • National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics
    • Terahertz and Low Temperature Group
    • Oxford University Terahertz Photonics Group
    • Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Terahertz Group
    • Technical University of Vienna Photonics Institute THz
    • Group
    • University of Leeds Institute of Microwaves and
    • Photonics THz Imaging Group
    • University of Leeds ...(Continued)Error! Bookmark not defined.
  • APPENDIX C: PATENT ANALYSIS
    • FIGURE 18 SUMMARY OF U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY
    • PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS AS OF DEC. 31, 2011 (%
    • OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
    • FIGURE 19 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR THZ
    • COMPONENTS AND SUBSYSTEMS AS OF DEC. 31, 2011 (% OF
    • TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
    • FIGURE 19 (CONTINUED)
    • FIGURE 20 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR
    • COMPLETE THZ SYSTEMS AS OF DEC. 31, 2011 (% OF TOTAL
    • THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
    • FIGURE 21 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT
    • APPLICATIONS BY COUNTRY OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS
    • OF DEC. 31, 2011 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND
    • APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
    • FIGURE 21 (CONTINUED)
    • FIGURE 22 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT
    • APPLICATIONS BY TYPE OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS OF
    • DEC. 31, 2011 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS
    • IDENTIFIED)
    • FIGURE 22 (CONTINUED)
    • TABLE 38 MAJOR THZ IP PORTFOLIOS (NUMBER OF U.S.
    • PATENTS/PATENT APPLICATIONS)
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