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Mexico Freight Transport Report Q3 2012

  • Publication Date:July 2012
  • Publisher:Business Monitor
  • Product Type: Report
  • Pages:53
  • ISBN:135208

Mexico Freight Transport Report Q3 2012

BMI remains cautiously optimistic on the Mexican freight transport sector, although we highlight that there are clouds on the horizon in the form of sluggish US demand and slow domestic consumer demand. We are forecasting real GDP growth of 3.4% for Mexico in 2012 in response to slowing global growth which we believe will reverse nascent private consumption and investment growth. Previously, we had revised up our forecast for the country's 2012 real GDP growth from below consensus, at 3.1%, to above consensus, at 3.4%, on the back of our expectation for strong domestic demand and rising investment inflows. This view has been playing out well, with commercial and manufacturing sector data consistently surprising to the upside throughout the first three months of 2012. As such, despite being slightly over-optimistic in 2011, having estimated real GDP growth of 4.2% as opposed to the actual 3.9%, we are happy to stick with our above-consensus forecast for 2012. While we have been pleasantly surprised by the strong export growth over the past 18 months, we note that it has not translated into strong private consumption, which remains significantly off its pre-crisis highs. We believe that for private consumption to fully recover, the economy needs at least a few more quarters of strong US demand to bolster jobs growth and disposable income. Nevertheless, although we forecast Mexico's primary trading partner, the US, to see sluggish GDP growth over the next few years, we believe that Mexican exports will expand by an average annual pace of almost 10% over the next 5-10 years on the back of vehicles and machinery exports and extractive exports, such as silver and copper, boosting port throughput volumes.

Headline Industry Data
- Rail freight tonnes forecast to grow 2.8% in 2012, with average annual growth of 4% during our forecast period. - Road freight tonnes forecast to grow 2.1% in 2012, with average annual growth of 3.2% during our forecast period. - Air freight tonnes forecast to grow 7.6% in 2012, with average annual growth of 7% during our forecast period. - Port of Veracruz total tonnage growth in 2012 is estimated to hit 3.8%, to reach 21.8mn tonnes. - Port of Manzanillo total tonnage growth in 2012 is estimated to hit 6.4% to reach 27.6mn tonnes. Key Trends And Developments KCS To Move More Intermodal Between US And Mexico BMI believes US railroads may face a dip in volumes in 2012 as coal shipments fall amid concerns about domestic and external demand for the fuel. This is bad news for the sector, as coal makes up 40-50% of its volumes. On the upside, we maintain our view that there is growing potential for railroads to carry oil, chemicals and autos shipments, which should boost volumes. Our view on Kansas City Southern (KCS) remains particularly positive as the company seeks to boost intermodal volumes on the Mexico-US route. Punta Colonet Project To Be Put Back On The Table, But Viability Questionable The abandoned Punta Colonet port project may be revived by Mexico's next administration, according to the country's national construction chamber CMIC. BMI questions the viability of the project, however, given the considerable changes we have seen in the situation of North America's west coast ports since 2008, when the port project was first considered. Risks To Outlook A major upside risk for operators in the Mexican freight transport sector is presented by the growing trend of 'nearshoring', the practice of moving production centers closer to consumer markets. Increasing oil prices, rising wages, and weather disruption to supply chains has caused companies to look away from Asia and towards Mexico when considering where to base their production centers. Advantages to be gained from nearshoring in Mexico are lower freight costs, faster time-to-market rates and lower inventory costs. This trend should be of huge benefit to Mexican freight transport operators, as more production centers within the country means more volumes to transport to the US consumer markets.

On the downside, our outlook for Mexican consumers remains sluggish. Consumer confidence surveys suggest that the Mexican consumer remains wary. Over the long term we believe Mexican consumer demand will continue to be undermined by the lack of competitiveness in key sectors, lack of fiscal reform and overdependence on the US economic cycle. Further downside risk to throughput at Mexican ports is presented in the form of sluggish US consumer sentiment. With 80% of exports still destined for the US market, growth is clearly dependent on the US economy not falling back into recession. Further downside risk is presented by the lack of interest on the part of Mexican truckers in the NAFTA cross-border trucking pilot programme. BMI believes the success of the initiative is at risk unless more Mexican companies sign up to participate.
Executive Summary 5
SWOT Analysis 7
Mexico Freight Transport Industry SWOT 7
Mexico Political SWOT. 7
Mexico Economic SWOT .. 8
Mexico Business Environment SWOT ... 9
Industry Trends And Developments 10
Rail . 10
Air ... 11
Maritime . 11
Market Overview 13
Industry Forecast .. 17
Air Freight .. 17
Table: Air Freight, 2008-2016 17
Rail Freight 17
Table: Rail Freight, 2008-2016 .. 17
Road Freight ... 18
Table: Road Freight, 2008-2016 . 18
Maritime And Inland Waterway Freight . 18
Table: Inland Waterway, 2007-2016 .. 18
Table: Maritime Freight, 2008-2016 .. 19
Trade .. 19
Table: Trade Overview, 2007-2016 19
Table: Key Trade Indicators, 2007-2016 20
Table: Mexico's Main Import Partners, 2002-2009 (US$mn) .. 21
Table: Mexico's Main Export Partners, 2002-2009 (US$mn) .. 21
Global Oil Products Price Outlook ... 22
Table: BMI's Refined Products Forecasts, 2010-2016 22
Political Outlook 30
Domestic Politics . 30
Long-Term Political Outlook ... 31
Macroeconomic Outlook ... 34
Economic Activity 34
Company Profiles .. 36
Grupo México . 36
Kansas City Southern de México (KCSM) .. 39
Aerotransportes Mas de Carga (Mas Air)... 42
Agunsa 44
Country Snapshot . 47
Table: Mexico's Population By Age Group, 1990-2020 ('000) 48
Table: Mexico's Population By Age Group, 1990-2020 (% of total) 49
Table: Mexico's Key Population Ratios, 1990-2020 ... 50
Table: Mexico's Rural And Urban Population, 1990-2020 . 50
BMI Methodology .. 51
Mexico Freight Transport Report Q3 2012
© Business Monitor International Ltd Page 4
How We Generate Our Industry Forecasts . 51
Transport Industry .. 51
Sources ... 52
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