Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC): Technologies, Applications and Emerging Markets

Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC): Technologies, Applications and Emerging Markets

  • December 2017 •
  • 128 pages •
  • Report ID: 5264583
• The global market for carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) should reach $1.2 billion by 2022 from $1.0 billion in 2017 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.1%, from 2017 to 2022.
• The Asia Pacific market for CMC is expected to grow from $330 million in 2017 to $411 million in 2022 at a CAGR of 4.5% for the period 2017-2022.
• The European market for CMC is expected to grow from $285 million in 2017 to $307 million in 2022 at a CAGR of 1.5% for the period 2017-2022.

Chapter 1: Introduction
Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is a cellulose derivative derived from wood pulp or cotton linters. It is a cellulose polysaccharide with carboxymethyl groups (-CH-COOH) bound to some of the hydroxyl groups (OH) of the glucopyranose monomers that make up the cellulose backbone.

The production of CMC is achieved by a two-step reaction of alkali-catalyzed cellulose with monochloroacetic acid. CMC is commercially sold as sodium salt and scientifically known as sodium carboxymethylcellulose (Na-CMC). In commercial trade practice, however, it is widely known as carboxymethylcellulose, CMC, or cellulose gum.

CMC is usually an odorless, white semi-synthetic polymer powder, with salts such as sodium chloride and sodium glycolate formed as in situ by-products. Depending on the molecular size and degree of derivatization or degree of substitution (DS) (i.e., how many of the hydroxyl groups have taken part in the substitution reaction), it gradually dissolves in water at low concentrations to form a clear or opaque viscous solution having a molecular weight of around 10,000.

Among CMC’s abundant properties, the material is chemically stable and inert, able to modify viscosity (rheology), non-toxic, highly soluble, biodegradable, odorless, tasteless, able to retain water content, cost-efficient, persistent, and hypoallergenic.

All these functional attributes have allowed the polymer to be used in numerous consumer goods as well as industrial applications, as it is widely developed for product and industrial processing improvisations.

For instance, this water-soluble polymer, CMC, is widely used as a popular hydrocolloid in the food and beverage industry, where it acts as a stabilizer, binder, protective colloid, gelling agent, flow control agent, suspending agent, dispersant, and thickener in endless numbers of products. Despite the availability of other gums with almost equivalent properties on the market, CMC’s affordable price, satisfactory performance ratio, and application versatility have contributed to it becoming the favored choice by end users.

CMCs are mainly of two types/grades: (i) High Purity Grade CMC and (ii) Technical Grade CMC. The classification is done according to the purity of the CMC achieved in the final product (i.e. the extent of removal or reduction of by-products in its production process), its degree of derivatization or degree of substitution (DS), and its polymer chain length (i.e., the number of linked polymer glucose units). The basic difference between highly pure and technical grade CMC is that the salts, chloride and sodium glycolate, are washed out using large amounts of solvents from the technical grade CMC, resulting in the formation of purified grade CMC.

Due to its exceptional chemical and physical properties, CMC is today widely accepted amongst a wide variety of end user industries. The supply side of the industry is comprised of many multinational and domestic CMC manufacturers across the world, while the end user numbers are significantly large and expanding in nature.

Many international producers exist who produce their own CMC for its uses in their multiple end products. For some industries, like oil and gas and mining, CMC is referred to as commodity products, and clients find them more or less the same and easy to replace by the similar products supplied by other suppliers. On the other end, there exist many emerging applications, such as batteries and pharmaceuticals, where CMC is being studied and researched for its potential applications to cater to the new opportunities.

This research service focuses on both the established and emerging markets for CMC. The research service analyses the CMC market for its established markets and projects the market value for 2017 through 2022. The report offers a coordinate-based system (OSE) for evaluating the prospects of different emerging applications of CMC, based on the capabilities of the probability of success and level of attractiveness of the opportunity or applications.

Study Goals and Objectives
This study provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the current and forecasted market for CMC from 2016 through 2022 and their uses in a variety of application sectors. This study’s information and data provide a total picture of the industry presented herein.

The objective of this study is to help the shareholders involved in the CMC industry understand the emerging opportunities and competitive threats involved in the market in the next five years. Therefore, the goal of the study is to provide a comprehensive market analysis of CMC to help the stakeholders in this domain to plan their corporate strategy based on the qualitative analysis and quantitative growth projections given through this report.

Reasons for Doing This Study
CMC is a member of the family of cellulose ethers that find application in numbers of consumer goods and industrial applications, such as food and beverage, detergents, oil drilling, hydraulic fracturing, textile, paper, coatings, ceramics, mining, and other emerging applications. The continuous slump in oil prices, Donald Trump’s victory in the U.S. elections and the U.K.’s vote to leave the European Union in 2016 were some of the major recent earthquakes that have been experienced by most of the global commodity markets, and CMC is not an exception of that.

This has caused attenuation in demand for CMC in many of the application sectors, including a sharp decrease in the global oil and gas industry for the past two years. With the continuing economic uncertainties, it is now very important for stakeholders involved in the CMC industry to know the possible upcoming changes in the CMC market to plan their strategic steps well in advance.

Scope of Report
The scope of this report is broad and covers various types of CMC used in applications in different industries. The market is broken down by applications and regional markets.

Revenue forecasts from 2017 to 2022 are provided for each major type of CMC application and regional market with a highlight on CMC markets in India, the Middle East, and the Eastern European region. Estimated values used are based on manufacturers’ total revenues. Projected and forecasted revenue values are in constant U.S. dollars, unadjusted for inflation.
The report also includes a discussion of the major players across each regional CMC market; it explains the major market drivers and challenges of the global CMC industry, industry structure, major applications, and the emerging applications of the global CMC market.
The report concludes with a special focus on the company landscape, which includes detailed profiles of the major CMC manufacturers in the global CMC industry.

The scope of this report is wide and includes:
• Overview on history of CMC industry and CMC technology.
• Discussion on importance of CMC and its characteristics.
• Detailed study on different grades of CMC and their market potential for various end use application sectors.
• Analysis of the market’s value, with data for 2016, estimates for 2017, and projections, including five-year compound annual growth rates (CAGRs), through 2022.
• Comprehensive analysis of region-based CMC markets with an emphasis on markets in India, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe regions.
• Discussion on industry structure, key players and their market shares, technology market strategies, latest technological and process development, CMC production capacities by companies, and pricing trend for CMC.
• PESTLE analysis and investigation on market dynamics that influence the market growth for the coming five years.
• Opportunity Strategy Evaluation (OSE) for emerging CMC applications.
• Focus on other influential factors, such as patents and company profiles.

Specifically excluded from the study as considered beyond the scope of this report include reviews on CMC process equipment, suppliers of the process equipment, and suppliers of chloroacetic acid. Inflation is not considered into the projection figures of the market.

Information Sources
This report was compiled through meticulous analysis of consultations from key industry stakeholders, trade data and economic indicators, comprehensive industry research and IP investigation, as well as trade and regulatory and policy environments across the world.

Research for this report began with an in-depth analysis of technical and business literature, as well as a review of a history of the technology. Information from industry experts, company representatives, government researchers and university scientists provided a basis for assessing the outlook for the CMC industry. Secondary information sources include product literature from different grades of CMC suppliers, trade data, patent searches, information on regulatory interaction, scientific references, and continuous monitoring of end users markets and technology news.
The study is divided into key chapters dealing with the different grades of CMC and their uses in different established end users markets. It makes projections for each application market in terms of U.S. dollars, and the estimation has been obtained from surveys and estimates by knowledgeable industry participants.

Regional analysis of the CMC market has been provided with an emphasis on its projection in India, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe. Markets were evaluated using a combination of top-down and bottom-up analysis. Final analysis and projections of all market numbers are done based upon a combination of a consensus among primary contacts combined with BCC Research’s understanding of the impact of trends from an historical perspective.

Geographic Breakdown

In this report, the geographic regions considered for market analysis include:
• United States.
• Europe.
o Eastern Europe.
o Other Europe.
o China.
o India.
o Other APAC.
• Middle East.
• Rest of the World.

Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), by Type
High Purity Grade
Technical Grade

Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC), by Application
Food and beverage
Oil and gas
Personal care

Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), by Emerging Opportunity
Hydraulic Fracking

Analyst’s Credentials The analyst of this report, Arpita Mukherjee, has more than six years of experience in technology market research and consulting. Prior to this, she has worked with a major market research and growth consulting firm.

She holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Chemical Engineering and a Master’s Degree in Energy Science and Technology from Jadavpur University. She also has had experience in working as a lecturer in an engineering college and as a researcher in a government research laboratory.

The analyst has authored several technology market research studies on subjects in the Chemicals and Materials domain, including:
• Nanocellulose technologies.
• Ionic liquids.
• Prebiotics.
• Anti-corrosion coatings.
• Food safety technologies.
• Hydroprocessing catalysts.

Chapter 2: Summary and Highlights
Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is a kind of cellulose ether that finds applications across a wide range of industries. Due to its superior attributes like stability, inertness, high solubility, non-toxicity, and ability to modify rheological behaviors as required; CMC is today widely accepted in a variety of applications such as food, personal care, detergent, oil drilling, paper making, mining flotation, textile, coatings and adhesive, etc.

Demand for low-fat and gluten-free food and beverage products, expansion in global consumers goods and pharmaceuticals markets and probable salvage in the global oil and gas industry are major drivers increasing demand for CMCs in the next five years.

At present, China is the largest supplier of CMC worldwide. After a decline from 2014 to 2016, due to economic slowdown, CMC demand has started to rise in 2017, primarily due to rising levels of rig activities, particularly in the U.S. Emerging countries like China and India are acknowledged as important drivers for market growth spurred by the growth in end user industries in those regions.

However, CMC substitutes such as guar gum, alginates, and other polyanionic cellulose (PAC) products along with the recent “clean label” trend in the food and beverage industry pose a serious challenge to the global growth of the CMC market.

There exist both large international and medium or small-sized local producers of CMC throughout the world, including CP Kelco Oy (J.M. Huber Corp. Company), The Dow Chemical Company, Akzo Nobel N.V., Ashland Inc., Química Amtex S.A. De C.V, Nippon Paper Industries Co. Ltd., Daicel Corp., Lamberti S.p.A., Anqiu Eagle Cellulose Co. Ltd., Hiranya Cellulose Products, Ugur Seluloz Kimya and so on.

The present report offers an analysis of the global CMC market. The drivers, opportunities and challenges for the industry have also been analyzed.

Further, the report offers PESTLE analysis for the application markets for CMC. The U.S. APAC Europe Middle East Africa ROW