• May 2018 •
  • 44 pages •
  • Report ID: 5400426 •
  • Format: PDF
Chapter 1 The status of the Energy Sector in Turkey

- Turkey’s energy demand has been growing rapidly in line with its economic growth with
an increase in 46% between 2007 and 2016.
- Significant progress has been made in liberalising the energy market since 2013 with the
introduction of the New Electricity Market Law and the Turkish Petroleum Law.
- The Government has set ambitious targets for 2023 including action plans on energy
efficiency, renewable energy, nuclear energy and climate change. These targets are
mainly to decrease dependency on energy imports and to address the vulnerability of the
infrastructure to seasonal peaks in energy demand.
- The total investments required to meet Turkey’s expected energy demand in 2023 are
estimated to amount to around USD 110 billion, more than double the total amount
invested over the last decade.12
- As of 01 January 2018, Turkey had 81,555MW of licensed power plants and 3,645MW of
unlicensed power plant, and has installed capacity of 85,200MW in total.
- The main fossil fuel generation in Turkey is natural gas (27% of installed capacity) and
coal (22% of installed capacity).
- 61.5% of installed electricity generation is owned by the private sector.3

Chapter 2 Opportunities for Foreign Utilities in Turkey

- The EU-Turkey energy and climate relationship is considered by the EU as one of the
few components of the EU-Turkey ‘Positive agenda’4 – areas in which strong mutual
interests prevail even during politically difficult times (EEAS, 2017)
- After years of relying on gas from countries such as Russia and Azerbaijan for its power,
Turkey has taken steps to wean itself of this dependence and this has translated into a
new drive for lignite plants, as well as for renewables.
- According to GE Power, Turkey is in the top 10-12 countries in the world for power.
- There are a few players who have a foothold in the nuclear sector (including Russia,
Japan and France) and general opportunities for foreign intervention in this sector are
- Renewable energy is the greatest untapped power potential in Turkey and in particular
there are significant opportunities in geothermal power.
- The Turkish energy market benefits from its geographical location in terms of its access
to resource, but the power market is not immune to geopolitical and internal political
challenges. The country is however used to fluctuations and it is expected that it will
continue to be a strategic sector for the investors and the financiers due to sound
fundamentals in the long term.5

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