The global thermal spray market is valued at USD 9,820 million in 2020, and is expected to reach to a value of USD 10,740 million by 2026, registering a CAGR of over 2%, during the forecast period.
The market was negatively affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. The levels of activities were very low, and many project schedules were changed or postponed. Due to all these interruptions, industrial activities and plant construction projects across all industries were also been affected. Such a global scenario created negative repercussions on the global thermal spray market for the existing plants in the end-user industries, such as aerospace, turbines, automotive, electronics, oil and gas, and power were temporarily shut down across the world. The COVID-19 pandemic plunged the global airline industry into an unprecedented crisis as airline bookings plummet in response to regulation and business restrictions on travel increase. According to the estimation of the International Civil Aviation Organization, the airline industry was estimated to incur a loss of around USD 386 billion in 2020.
Key Highlights Over the medium term, the major drivers of the thermal spray market identified in the report are increasing usage of thermal spray coatings in medical devices, rising popularity of thermal spray ceramic coatings, replacement of hard chrome coatings by thermal spray coatings, and rising use of thermal spray coatings in the aerospace industry.
However, with the emergence of hard trivalent chrome coatings in recent years, the overall demand for the thermal spray, issues regarding process reliability and consistency, decreasing automotive production, and unfavorable conditions arising due to the COVID-19 outbreak are expected to be hindered.
The aerospace end-use industry dominated the market, and it is expected to grow at a significant rate during the forecast period, owing to the increasing investment in the global aerospace industry.
Europe dominated the thermal spray market across the world, owing to the high demand from the various end-user industries.
Key Market Trends
Aerospace Industry Dominated the Market
In the aerospace sector, thermal spray coatings are extensively used as protective coatings to protect aircraft components and repair the old ones. They are used in the protection of engine turbine blades and actuation systems to provide high thermal resistance and longevity. Thermal sprays are largely employed for several purposes in jet engine components, such as crankshafts, piston rings, cylinders, valves, and so on. In addition to these, they are also applied in the coating of landing gear (bearings and axles inside the landing gear) to withstand the forces during landing and take-off. A variety of degradation problems exist in aircraft engines, due to metal to metal wear, hot corrosion, fretting, particle erosion, and many more. This degradation is accelerated when high-temperature is involved. Thermal spray coatings impart the required surface conditions that are required to increase the service life of the engine components. Thermal spray coatings, such as zirconium oxide, aluminum bronze, and cobalt-molybdenum are used for coating purposes in rocket combustion chambers, compressor air seals, and high-pressure nozzles, respectively. In addition, coatings of chromium cobalt, aluminum oxide, and chromium carbide are employed in turbine air seals, fuel nozzles, and turbine vanes, respectively. High-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) spray and plasma spray processes are the majorly used processes in this sector. According to Boeing, the growing passenger volumes and increasing retirements of airplane are expected to drive the need for 43,610 new commercial airplane deliveries (valued at about USD 7.2 trillion) over the next two decades. The global commercial fleet is forecast to reach 49,405 airplanes by 2040, with all the new airplanes and jets that would remain in service having been taken into account. Such, the aforementioned factors are expected to support the consumption of thermal spray used in the aerospace industry during the forecast period.
Europe Region Dominated the Market in 2020
The European region dominated the market share. Germany has the largest automobile industry in the Europe.
Germany leads the European automotive market, with 41 assembly and engine production plants that contribute to one-third of the total automobile production in Europe. Germany, which is one of the leading manufacturing bases of the automotive industry, is home to manufacturers from different segments, such as equipment manufacturers, material and component suppliers, engine producers, and whole system integrators.
Moreover, the German aerospace industry includes more than 2,300 firms, which are located across the country, with northern Germany recording the highest concentration of firms. The country hosts many production bases for aircraft interior components, and materials, largely in Bavaria, Bremen, Baden-Württemberg, and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Over 30 to 35 thousand new aircraft have been estimated to be operational by the next 20 years to meet the rising aviation demand. Thus, the increase in production of aircraft after COVID-19 recovery is also expected to contribute to the market growth during the forecast period.
Additionally, The United Kingdom is the largest European market for high-end consumer electronics products, with about 18,000 UK-based electronics companies. The demand for technologically-advanced electronic devices had registered significant growth in the consumer electronics market in the country. This growth in demand is expected to drive the production of electronics in the country, leading to the demand for Thermal Spray in electronic applications.
Moreover, United Kingdom is home to about 15 major aerospace players, along with a robust network of leading supply-chain companies. It is also well-known for the design and production of helicopters, engines, wings, structures, and aircraft landing gear. A large presence of aviation component suppliers in the United Kingdom has been the reason for the healthy exports for the aviation industry. Apart from the manufacturing sector, the aerospace MRO industry in the country accounts for about ~17% of the global MRO industry.
France is one of the major production and export hubs for aircraft components and systems in the global scenario. The country has been largely dependent on countries, such as China, the United States, Germany and India, for the export of the locally produced airplanes, helicopters, and aeronautical parts.
Owing to the rise of these end-user industries in the Germany, United Kingdom, France, and Italy, Europe is projected to dominate the market during the forecast period.
The global thermal spray market is very fragmented, with the top 4 players accounting for not more than 25% of the total market share. The major players present in the market include OC Oerlikon Management AG?, Linde plc, Chromalloy Gas Turbine LLC?, Hoganas AB, Kennametal Inc., among others.
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