Sputtering Targets and Sputtered Films: Technology and Markets

Sputtering Targets and Sputtered Films: Technology and Markets

  • February 2017
  • 201 pages
  • BCC Research
Report ID: 96624
Use this report to:
- Provide a technological and market point of view and to outline future trends and key developments.
- Estimate current global markets for sputtering targets and sputtered films by application, material type and region.
- Identify important technology and industry trends within each market segment and investigate emerging applications.
- Explore current industry players, including manufacturers, materials and fabrication equipment, technology developers and future market participants.

Highlights
- The global market for sputtered films and sputtering targets should reach over $3.2 billion by 2021 from nearly $2.9 billion in 2016 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.2%, from 2016 to 2021.
- The consumed sputtering target material market is expected to grow from 21.7 billion pounds in 2016 to 29.9 billion pounds in 2021 at a CAGR of 6.6% for the period 2016-2021.
- The global production of sputtered films is expected to grow from 1.7 billion square meters in 2016 to 2.4 billion square meters in 2021 at a CAGR of 7.1% for the period 2016-2021.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
Sputtering is one of the most popular technologies for deposition of thin films. Although sputtering was first developed nearly two centuries ago, since World War II it has become increasingly important for the creation of innovative devices. For decades, sputtering has been the basic fabrication process for integrated circuits. It has allowed the semiconductor industry to keep pace with Moore’s Law and has created a reliable path for achieving device miniaturization in many industry sectors beyond electronics.

BCC Research has followed the market for sputtering targets for 15 years, reporting on key developments related to production methods, materials and applications for sputtering targets. During this period, the market has expanded at a healthy compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.3% for the period 2001 through 2016.

With this study, BCC Research continues its commitment to monitoring the market for sputtering targets, by providing an updated review of the most important advances in sputtering technology and target fabrication. In addition, a detailed overview of the current market for sputtering targets is offered together with an objective analysis of industry and technological trends, as well as prospects for future growth.

Specifically, the major objectives of this study are to:
- Provide an update on the most advanced sputtering methods and emerging processes.
- Provide an overview of the most common materials used for the fabrication of sputtering targets and identify new materials.
- Review the latest methods for fabricating sputtering targets.
- Highlight new technological developments in the fabrication of sputtering targets, while outlining technical issues.
- Review existing fields of application for sputtering technologies and investigate emerging applications.
- Estimate current global markets for sputtering targets and sputtered films by application, material type and region, with growth forecasts through 2021 for each market segment.
- Identify important technology and industry trends within each market segment.
- Supply an updated review of current industry players, including manufacturers of sputtering targets, materials and fabrication equipment, technology developers and future market participants.
- Provide a description of the most relevant research and development activities.
- Determine trends in recently issued U.S. patents.

REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY
The global market for thin-film technologies (including equipment, materials and services) is estimated to be valued at over $70 billion in 2016, with growth expected to continue. Sputtering accounts for approximately one-quarter of this market.

For decades, sputtering was used primarily in electronics for fabrication of semiconductor devices. Over time, however, sputtering has found application within a broad range of fields such as optoelectronics, energy, mechanical/chemical, optical coatings, life sciences and others.

Currently, electronics remains one of the largest sectors, accounting for approximately one-third of the total sputtering target market. In the interim, other sectors have grown to represent a significant share of the market and, going forward, are expected to become the driving force for sustaining market growth.

The principal reason for doing this study is to present a current assessment of the sputtering target industry from both a technological and market point of view and to outline future trends and key developments.

There is also a need to evaluate the current status and future trends of this market from a global standpoint. As use of these products expands and new fields of application emerge, information on the suppliers and developers of sputtering targets and their regional distribution becomes more valuable.

An equally important reason for undertaking this study is to provide technical insights into sputtering target manufacturing by:
- Providing a review of target types, their applications, and production methods.
- Identifying current technological trends.
- Providing an overview of the main global research and development (R&D) activities related to sputtering targets, resulting in the issuance of patents.
- Illustrating the latest technological developments.

This information can assist companies in identifying opportunities for process and productivity improvements and new product development, resulting in a positive impact on future market growth.

INTENDED AUDIENCE
This study will be of primary interest to all organizations that:
- Manufacture, sell, and distribute sputtering targets.
- Fabricate thin-film devices or coated products.
- Offer sputtering deposition and coating services to the thin-film industry.
- Supply raw materials to manufacturers of sputtering target.
- Manufacture processing and characterization equipment (e.g., compaction presses, induction melters and analytical instruments) utilized by sputtering target manufacturers.
- Produce sputtering systems or related equipment utilized by thin-film producers.
- Provide technical and/or marketing services for the thin-film industry.
- Are planning to enter the sputtering industry as a supplier, manufacturer or end user.

Overall, this study applies to industry sectors such as electronics, optoelectronics, mechanical/chemical, energy, optical coatings, life sciences, sensors and instrumentation, and the general coating sector.

The study is mainly directed toward executives, directors, operations managers, sales and marketing managers and strategic planners working within the above industries. Universities and research facilities may also find this study to be a good source of technical information regarding thin-film technology, materials, equipment and applications, which can be used as a baseline for new or expanded R&D activities. Librarians of technical information and research centers can also use this report to provide critical data to product managers, market analysts, researchers and other professionals needing detailed and updated insights into the sputtering target industry.

SCOPE OF REPORT
This report provides an updated review of sputtering technologies and a description of various types of sputtering targets and their fabrication methods; further, it identifies current and emerging applications for these technologies.

BCC Research delineates the current market status for sputtering targets, defines trends and presents growth forecasts for the next five years. The sputtering target market is analyzed based on the following segments: application, material, and region. In addition, technological issues, including key events and the latest process developments, are discussed.

More specifically, the market analysis conducted by BCC Research for this report is divided into five sections.

In the first section (Chapter 3), an introduction to the topic and a historical review of the sputtering process are provided, including an outline of recent events. In this section, an overview of the latest technological developments related to sputtering technology is supplied and current and emerging applications for sputtering are also identified and grouped in segments (electronics, optoelectronics, energy, optical coatings, mechanical/chemical, life sciences, sensors and instrumentation and others).

The second part of the study (Chapter 4) summarizes typical sputtering target types, raw materials and applications, and production methods. Each of these three sections concludes with an analysis of the most important technological developments and improvements since 2014, including examples of significant patents recently issued or applied for.

The third section (Chapter 5) entails a global market analysis of sputtering targets and sputtered films. Global revenues (sales data in millions of dollars) are presented by field of application, material type and region, with actual data referring to the years 2014 and 2015 and estimates for 2016. Projected sputtering target revenues and total sputtered film area are also supplied, with forecast CAGRs for the period 2016 through 2021.

Next, details of the global market analysis are covered. For each major application group or industry sector (specifically electronics, optoelectronics, mechanical/chemical, energy, optical coatings and life sciences and others), BCC Research provides information on production of sputtered films, consumption of sputtering targets and target revenues by material and region.

The analysis of the current sputtering target market is followed by a detailed presentation of market growth trends, based on industry growth, technological trends and regional trends. The third section concludes by providing projected sputtering target revenues and total sputtered film area within each sector, together with forecast CAGRs for the period 2016 through 2021.
In the fourth section of the study (Chapter 6), which covers global industry structure, the report offers a list of the leading manufacturers of sputtering targets, together with a description of their products. The analysis includes a description of the geographical distribution of these firms and an evaluation of other key industry players. Detailed company profiles of the top players are also provided.

The fifth and final section (Chapter 7) includes an analysis of recently issued U.S. patents, with a summary of patents related to sputtering target materials, types, fabrication methods and applications. Patent analysis is performed by region, country, assignee and material type.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
To analyze the overall market and market segments, both primary and secondary research methodologies were used to obtain market data.

The technology section of this report is based on information derived from technical literature, related BCC Research reports, professional journals, the author’s field experience and online sources.

Global market analysis was performed by a thorough investigation of manufacturers of sputtering targets, raw material suppliers, producers of sputtering equipment and developers of new technologies, accounting for at least 90% of the global market. Data were obtained from the direct contribution of primary sources (including company executives, managers, engineers and other technical personnel representing manufacturers, developers and users of sputtering targets and related technologies and process equipment), representatives of academia and trade associations, and industry market analysts.

Additional data for each company were obtained by thoroughly analyzing Security and Exchange Commission filings, websites, annual reports, industry directories, industry magazines and catalogs, government sources and other public sources.

Secondary sources of information include, but are not limited to:
- U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Filings.
- U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
- European Patent Office.
- Company websites.
- Company annual reports.
- Thomas Register.
- Moody’s Directory.
- S & P Industry Survey.
- Dun & Bradstreet Business Directory.
- Foreign Chamber of Commerce directories.
- Foreign Stock Exchange listings.
- American Ceramic Society publications.
- American Chemical Society publications.

In addition to utilizing the above primary and secondary sources, market growth trends and forecasts were compiled by gaining additional insights from relevant financial and market information, relevant BCC Research reports and the author’s own in-depth and comprehensive analysis of the collected information.
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY 3
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
SCOPE OF REPORT 4
METHODOLOGY AND
INFORMATION SOURCES 5
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 6
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 7
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 8
DISCLAIMER 8

CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 10
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 12
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2016 AND 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 12

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 14
INTRODUCTION 14
THICK, THIN AND ULTRATHIN FILMS 14
COST FACTOR AND MANUFACTURING PROCESSES 14
THICK-FILM TECHNOLOGIES 15
TABLE 1 THICK-FILM TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 15
THIN-, NANO- AND ULTRATHIN-FILM TECHNOLOGIES 17
Additive Methods 17
TABLE 2 THIN-FILM PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 18
Subtractive Methods 18
Coating Methods Used in Subtractive Processes 19
TABLE 3 THIN-FILM COATING TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 19
Physical Processes 22
Chemical Processes 23
Hybrid Processes 23
Technological and Market Trends in the Thin-Film Industry 23
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF THIN-FILM METHODS (EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, SERVICES), BY GROUP OF TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 (%) 23
MILESTONES IN THE HISTORY OF THE SPUTTERING PROCESS AND RECENT EVENTS 24
TABLE 4 SPUTTERING - TECHNOLOGICAL MILESTONES 25
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL PATENT APPLICATIONS AND PATENTS ISSUED OF SPUTTERING, 1970-2015 (NUMBER) 25
LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN THE SPUTTERING PROCESS 27
TABLE 5 SPUTTERING TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 27
ROLL-TO-ROLL SPUTTERING SYSTEM FOR LARGE SUBSTRATES 28
SPUTTERING SYSTEM USING COUNTERWEIGHT 29
HIGH-POWER IMPULSE MAGNETRON SPUTTERING FOR NANOCRYSTALLINE DIAMOND FILMS 29
SPUTTERING WITH A PLASMA LENS 30
CURRENT AND EMERGING APPLICATIONS FOR SPUTTERING 30
TABLE 6 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS, 2016 31
ELECTRONICS 32
TABLE 7 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN ELECTRONICS, 2016 33
OPTOELECTRONICS 35
TABLE 8 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN OPTOELECTRONICS, 2016 35
ENERGY 36
TABLE 9 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN THE ENERGY SECTOR, 2016 37
OPTICAL COATINGS 38
TABLE 10 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN THE OPTICAL COATINGS SECTOR, 2016 38
MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL 39
TABLE 11 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, 2016 40
LIFE SCIENCES 40
TABLE 12 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES SECTOR, 2016 41
SENSORS AND INSTRUMENTATION 41
TABLE 13 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN SENSORS AND INSTRUMENTATION, 2016 41
OTHER SECTORS 42
TABLE 14 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN OTHER SECTORS, 2016 42

CHAPTER 4 TECHNOLOGY 44
INTRODUCTION 44
SPUTTERING TARGET TYPES 44
TARGET SHAPES 44
TABLE 15 TARGET CONFIGURATIONS, 2016 44
TABLE 16 TYPICAL TARGET SHAPES, 2016 (%) 45
TARGET SIZES 46
LATEST TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS, 2014 TO PRESENT 46
Multiblock Sputtering Target 46
Sputtering Target With Reverse Bowing Geometry 46
TARGET MATERIALS AND APPLICATIONS 47
TABLE 17 TARGET MATERIALS AND APPLICATIONS, 2016 47
LATEST TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS, 2014 TO PRESENT 48
Al-Ni-La Sputtering Target 49
Cu-In-Ga-Se Quaternary Alloy Sputtering Target 49
Ytterbium Sputtering Target 50
Electride Sputtering Target 50
Complex Oxide Sputtering Targets 51
PRODUCTION METHODS 51
TABLE 18 SPUTTERING TARGETS - TRADITIONAL PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 52
LATEST TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS, 2011 TO PRESENT 54
Fabrication Process for Indium-Gallium-Zinc Oxynitride Targets 54
Production Process for High-Purity Lanthanum Sputtering Targets 55
Low-Cost Fabrication of Sputtering Targets based on High-Melting-Point Materials 55
Cold Spraying of Sputtering Targets 56
OTHER RELEVANT R&D ACTIVITIES 57
TABLE 19 OTHER RELEVANT R&D ACTIVITIES, 2016 57

CHAPTER 5 GLOBAL MARKETS 60
ANALYSIS OUTLINE 60
GLOBAL MARKET SUMMARY 60
TOTAL WORLD MARKETS 60
TABLE 20 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 62
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2016 AND 2021 (METRIC TONS) 62
TABLE 21 AVERAGE SPUTTERING TARGET WEIGHT AND PRICE, THROUGH 2021 (KG/$) 63
MARKET SEGMENTATION BY APPLICATION 63
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 64
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY APPLICATION, 2016 AND 2021 (%) 64
MARKET SEGMENTATION BY MATERIAL TYPE 65
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 66
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2016 AND 2021 (%) 66
MARKET SEGMENTATION BY REGION 67
TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 68
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY REGION, 2016 AND 2021 (%) 68
ELECTRONICS 69
CURRENT MARKET SUMMARY 69
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 70
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, 2014-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 70
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 70
TABLE 26 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 71
Revenues by Material Type 71
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 72
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2016 (%) 72
Revenues by Region 73
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 73
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2016 (%) 73
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS 74
Semiconductor Devices 74
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SEMICONDUCTORS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 75
Printed Circuits, Other Circuit Devices and Passive Components 75
MEMS and NEMS 76
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MEMS AND NEMS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 76 Magnetic Storage Media and Recording Heads 76 Hard Disk Drives 76 TABLE 31 GLOBAL PRODUCTION FOR HARD DISK DRIVES, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 77 TABLE 32 GLOBAL PRODUCTION FOR HARD DISK DRIVES, BY END USE, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 78 Optical Storage Media 78 TABLE 33 GLOBAL PRODUCTION FOR OPTICAL STORAGE MEDIA, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 78 Technological Trends 79 On-Going Miniaturization in the Semiconductor Industry 79 Advent of Nanoelectronics and 2D Devices 79 FIGURE 10 FROM MICROELECTRONICS TO NANOELECTRONICS 80
Increased Use of Alloys 80
Regional Trends 81
MARKET FORECAST 81
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 81
TABLE 34 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 81
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, 2016 AND 2021 (METRIC TONS) 82
Revenues by Material Type 82
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2021 (%) 83
Revenues by Region 84
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 84
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2021 (%) 84
OPTOELECTRONICS 85
CURRENT MARKET SUMMARY 85
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 86
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, 2014-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 86
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 87
TABLE 38 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 87
Revenues by Material Type 87
TABLE 39 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 88
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2016 (%) 88
Revenues by Region 89
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 89
FIGURE 16 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2016 (%) 89
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS 90
Advanced Displays 90
TABLE 41 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ADVANCED DISPLAYS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 91
Solid-State Lighting 92
Lasers 92
Optical Waveguides 92
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OPTICAL FIBERS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS/MILLIONS KM) 92
Technological Trends 93
Regional Trends 93
MARKET FORECAST 93
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 94
TABLE 43 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 94
FIGURE 17 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, 2016 AND 2021 (METRIC TONS) 94
Revenues by Material Type 95
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 95
FIGURE 18 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2021 (%) 96
Revenues by Region 96
TABLE 45 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 97
FIGURE 19 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2021 (%) 97
ENERGY 98
CURRENT MARKET SUMMARY 98
TABLE 46 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 98
FIGURE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, 2014-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 99
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 99
TABLE 47 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 100
Revenues by Material Type 100
TABLE 48 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 101
FIGURE 21 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2016 (%) 101
Revenues by Region 102
TABLE 49 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 102
FIGURE 22 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY REGION, 2016 (%) 102
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS 103
Photovoltaic Cells 103
TABLE 50 GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (MW) 104
Flexible Solar Cells 104
Photothermal Devices 106
Fuel Cells 106
TABLE 51 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FUEL CELLS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 106
Batteries 107
Thermoelectric Devices 107
Other Energy Applications 107
Technological Trends 108
Perovskite Solar Cells 108
Planar Supercapacitors 108
New Materials 109
Regional Trends 109
MARKET FORECAST 109
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 109
TABLE 52 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 110
FIGURE 23 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, 2016 AND 2021 (METRIC TONS) 110
Revenues by Material Type 110
TABLE 53 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 111
FIGURE 24 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2021 (%) 111
Revenues by Region 112
TABLE 54 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 112
FIGURE 25 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY REGION, 2021 (%) 113
OPTICAL COATINGS 113
CURRENT MARKET SUMMARY 113
TABLE 55 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 114
FIGURE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, 2014-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 114
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 115
TABLE 56 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 115
Revenues by Material Type 115
TABLE 57 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 116
FIGURE 27 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2016 (%) 116
Revenues by Region 117
TABLE 58 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 117
FIGURE 28 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY REGION, 2016 (%) 118
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS 118
Flat Glass 118
TABLE 59 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAT GLASS, BY SECTOR, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 119
Eyewear 120
Technological Trends 120
Regional Trends 120
MARKET FORECAST 120
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 120
TABLE 60 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 121
FIGURE 29 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, 2016 AND 2021 (METRIC TONS) 121
Revenues by Material Type 122
TABLE 61 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 122
FIGURE 30 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2021 (%) 122
Revenues by Region 123
TABLE 62 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 123
FIGURE 31 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY REGION, 2021 (%) 124
MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL 124
CURRENT MARKET SUMMARY 124
TABLE 63 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 125
FIGURE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, 2014-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 125
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 126
TABLE 64 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 126
Revenues by Material Type 126
TABLE 65 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 127
FIGURE 33 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2016 (%) 127
Revenues by Region 128
TABLE 66 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 128
FIGURE 34 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY REGION, 2016 (%) 128
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS 129
Protective Coatings 129
TABLE 67 GLOBAL MARKET FOR AEROSPACE, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 130
TABLE 68 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS UTILIZING PROTECTIVE COATINGS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 131
Solid Lubricants 131
Membranes and Filters 131
TABLE 69 MEMBRANE-BASED SEPARATION PROCESSES, 2016 132
TABLE 70 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THE MEMBRANE, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 133
Particle and Surface Modification Coatings 133
Catalysts and Photocatalysts 133
TABLE 71 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CATALYSTS AND PHOTOCATALYSTS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 134
Composite Materials 134
Technological Trends 134
Regional Trends 135
MARKET FORECAST 135
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 135
TABLE 72 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 136
FIGURE 35 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, 2016 AND 2021 (METRIC TONS) 136
Revenues by Material Type 136
TABLE 73 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 137
FIGURE 36 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2021 (%) 137
Revenues by Region 138
TABLE 74 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 138
FIGURE 37 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY REGION, 2021 (%) 139
LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHERS 139
CURRENT MARKET SUMMARY 139
TABLE 75 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 140
FIGURE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, 2014-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 140
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 141
TABLE 76 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 141
Revenues by Material Type 141
TABLE 77 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 142
FIGURE 39 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2016 (%) 142
Revenues by Region 143
TABLE 78 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 143
FIGURE 40 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY REGION, 2016 (%) 143
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS 144
Biomedical Coatings 144
Implantable Devices 144
TABLE 79 GLOBAL MARKET FOR IMPLANTABLE DEVICES, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 145
Medical Instruments 145
Sensors and Instrumentation 145
Sensors 145
TABLE 80 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SENSORS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 146
Biosensors, Gas Sensors and Temperature Sensors 146
TABLE 81 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOSENSORS AND OTHER COMMON SENSORS, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 147
Other Industry Segments 147
TABLE 82 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OTHER INDUSTRY SECTORS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 147
Technological Trends 148
Regional Trends 148
MARKET FORECAST 148
Sputtered Films and Target Consumption 148
TABLE 83 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 149
FIGURE 41 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTOR, 2016 AND 2021 (METRIC TONS) 149
Revenues by Material Type 149
TABLE 84 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 150
FIGURE 42 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2021 (%) 150
Revenues by Region 151
TABLE 85 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 151
FIGURE 43 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY REGION, 2021 (%) 152

CHAPTER 6 GLOBAL INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 154
LEADING MANUFACTURERS OF SPUTTERING TARGETS 154
TABLE 86 LEADING MANUFACTURERS OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2016 154
TABLE 87 LEADING MANUFACTURERS OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY TYPE, 2016 160
TABLE 88 LEADING MANUFACTURERS OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY TYPE AND REGION, 2016 (NUMBER) 168
OTHER PLAYERS IN THE SPUTTERING INDUSTRY 168
TABLE 89 OTHER RELEVANT INDUSTRY PLAYERS, 2016 168
COMPANY PROFILES 172
ALFA AESAR 172
AMETEK SPECIALTY METAL PRODUCTS 173
CORNING PRECISION MATERIALS KOREA 173
DAIDO STEEL 174
FURUYA METAL 176
H.C. STARCK 177
HITACHI METALS 177
HONEYWELL ELECTRONIC MATERIALS 178
JX NIPPON MINING & METALS 179
KOBE STEEL 180
MATERION 181
TABLE 90 MATERION TECHNOLOGIES 181
MATSUDA SANGYO 182
MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORP. 183
MITSUI KINZOKU 184
PRAXAIR 185
SOLERAS ADVANCED COATINGS 186
SUMITOMO METAL MINING 187
TOSOH 188
ULVAC 189
TABLE 91 ULVAC SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2016 190
UMICORE 190
TABLE 92 UMICORE SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2016 191

CHAPTER 7 PATENT ANALYSIS 193
INTRODUCTION 193
SUMMARY OF RECENTLY AWARDED PATENTS 193
TABLE 93 SPUTTERING TARGETS - U.S. PATENTS, 2016 193
TABLE 94 SPUTTERING TARGETS - U.S. PATENTS, 2015 197
GENERAL TRENDS 202
TABLE 95 SPUTTERING TARGETS: U.S. PATENT TRENDS, 2008-2016 202
FIGURE 44 SPUTTERING TARGETS: U.S. PATENT TRENDS, 2008-2016 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 203
TRENDS BY COUNTRY AND REGION 203
FIGURE 45 GLOBAL PATENT SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY REGION, 2015-2016 (%) 203
FIGURE 46 GLOBAL PATENT SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY COUNTRY, 2015-2016 (%) 204
TRENDS BY ASSIGNEE 205
TABLE 96 ASSIGNEES OF U.S. PATENTS RELATED TO SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2015-2016 206
TRENDS BY MATERIAL TYPE 207
FIGURE 47 U.S. PATENTS SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2015-2016 (%) 208

LIST OF TABLES
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 12
TABLE 1 THICK-FILM TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 15
TABLE 2 THIN-FILM PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 18
TABLE 3 THIN-FILM COATING TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 19
TABLE 4 SPUTTERING - TECHNOLOGICAL MILESTONES 25
TABLE 5 SPUTTERING TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 27
TABLE 6 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS, 2016 31
TABLE 7 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN ELECTRONICS, 2016 33
TABLE 8 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN OPTOELECTRONICS, 2016 35
TABLE 9 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN THE ENERGY SECTOR, 2016 37
TABLE 10 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN THE OPTICAL COATINGS SECTOR, 2016 38
TABLE 11 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, 2016 40
TABLE 12 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES SECTOR, 2016 41
TABLE 13 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN SENSORS AND INSTRUMENTATION, 2016 41
TABLE 14 SPUTTERING APPLICATIONS IN OTHER SECTORS, 2016 42
TABLE 15 TARGET CONFIGURATIONS, 2016 44
TABLE 16 TYPICAL TARGET SHAPES, 2016 (%) 45
TABLE 17 TARGET MATERIALS AND APPLICATIONS, 2016 47
TABLE 18 SPUTTERING TARGETS - TRADITIONAL PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 52
TABLE 19 OTHER RELEVANT R&D ACTIVITIES, 2016 57
TABLE 20 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 62
TABLE 21 AVERAGE SPUTTERING TARGET WEIGHT AND PRICE, THROUGH 2021 (KG/$) 63
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 64
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 66
TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 68
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 70
TABLE 26 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 71
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SEMICONDUCTORS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 75
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MEMS AND NEMS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 76
TABLE 31 GLOBAL PRODUCTION FOR HARD DISK DRIVES, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 77
TABLE 32 GLOBAL PRODUCTION FOR HARD DISK DRIVES, BY END USE, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 78
TABLE 33 GLOBAL PRODUCTION FOR OPTICAL STORAGE MEDIA, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 78
TABLE 34 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 81
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 86
TABLE 38 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 87
TABLE 39 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 88
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 89
TABLE 41 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ADVANCED DISPLAYS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 91
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OPTICAL FIBERS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS/MILLIONS KM) 92
TABLE 43 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 94
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 95
TABLE 45 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 46 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 47 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 100
TABLE 48 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 101
TABLE 49 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 102
TABLE 50 GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (MW) 104
TABLE 51 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FUEL CELLS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 106
TABLE 52 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 110
TABLE 53 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 111
TABLE 54 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 112
TABLE 55 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 114
TABLE 56 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 115
TABLE 57 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 116
TABLE 58 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 117
TABLE 59 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAT GLASS, BY SECTOR, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 119
TABLE 60 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 121
TABLE 61 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 122
TABLE 62 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTICAL COATINGS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 123
TABLE 63 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 125
TABLE 64 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 126
TABLE 65 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 127
TABLE 66 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 128
TABLE 67 GLOBAL MARKET FOR AEROSPACE, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 130
TABLE 68 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS UTILIZING PROTECTIVE COATINGS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 131
TABLE 69 MEMBRANE-BASED SEPARATION PROCESSES, 2016 132
TABLE 70 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THE MEMBRANE, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 133
TABLE 71 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CATALYSTS AND PHOTOCATALYSTS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 134
TABLE 72 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 136
TABLE 73 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 137
TABLE 74 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE MECHANICAL/CHEMICAL SECTOR, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 138
TABLE 75 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 140
TABLE 76 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, THROUGH 2016 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 141
TABLE 77 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 142
TABLE 78 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 143
TABLE 79 GLOBAL MARKET FOR IMPLAN
TABLE DEVICES, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 145
TABLE 80 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SENSORS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 146
TABLE 81 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOSENSORS AND OTHER COMMON SENSORS, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 147
TABLE 82 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OTHER INDUSTRY SECTORS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 147
TABLE 83 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, THROUGH 2021 (VARIETY OF UNITS) 149
TABLE 84 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 150
TABLE 85 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR LIFE SCIENCES AND OTHER SECTORS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 151
TABLE 86 LEADING MANUFACTURERS OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2016 154
TABLE 87 LEADING MANUFACTURERS OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY TYPE, 2016 160
TABLE 88 LEADING MANUFACTURERS OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY TYPE AND REGION, 2016 (NUMBER) 168
TABLE 89 OTHER RELEVANT INDUSTRY PLAYERS, 2016 168
TABLE 90 MATERION TECHNOLOGIES 181
TABLE 91 ULVAC SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2016 190
TABLE 92 UMICORE SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2016 191
TABLE 93 SPUTTERING TARGETS - U.S. PATENTS, 2016 193
TABLE 94 SPUTTERING TARGETS - U.S. PATENTS, 2015 197
TABLE 95 SPUTTERING TARGETS: U.S. PATENT TRENDS, 2008-2016 202
TABLE 96 ASSIGNEES OF U.S. PATENTS RELATED TO SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2015-2016 206

LIST OF FIGURES
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2016 AND 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 12
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF THIN-FILM METHODS (EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, SERVICES), BY GROUP OF TECHNOLOGIES, 2016 (%) 23
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL PATENT APPLICATIONS AND PATENTS ISSUED OF SPUTTERING, 1970-2015 (NUMBER) 25
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS, 2016 AND 2021 (METRIC TONS) 62
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY APPLICATION, 2016 AND 2021 (%) 64
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2016 AND 2021 (%) 66
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS, BY REGION, 2016 AND 2021 (%) 68
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, 2014-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 70
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2016 (%) 72
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2016 (%) 73
FIGURE 10 FROM MICROELECTRONICS TO NANOELECTRONICS 80
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, 2016 AND 2021 (METRIC TONS) 82
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2021 (%) 83
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2021 (%) 84
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, 2014-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 86
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2016 (%) 88
FIGURE 16 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2016 (%) 89
FIGURE 17 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SPUTTERED FILMS AND SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, 2016 AND 2021 (METRIC TONS) 94
FIGURE 18 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2021 (%) 96
FIGURE 19 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR OPTOELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2021 (%) 97
FIGURE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, 2014-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 99
FIGURE 21 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2016 (%) 101
FIGURE 22 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF SPUTTERING TARGETS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, BY REGION, 2016 (%) 102
Country=World Industry=ElectronicsManufacturing ParentIndustry=Manufacturing Date=201702 Topic=MarketReport Publisher=BCCResearch Price=5000