Table of Contents
Table of Contents
1 Introduction
1.1 Details of this Report
1.2 Definitions
2 Executive Summary
3 Canada Key Facts
4 Distribution of Wealth in Canada
4.1 HNWI Volume and Wealth Trends
5 Findings from the WealthInsight HNWI Database
5.1 Trends in HNWI Wealth to 2020
5.1.1 HNWI trend analysis
5.1.2 Wealth band trends
5.1.3 Demographic breakdown of HNWIs
5.1.4 HNWIs – industry breakdown
5.1.5 HNWIs – industry performance
5.1.6 HNWIs – breakdown by city
5.1.7 HNWIs – city performance
5.1.8 HNWIs – city population densities
5.1.9 HNWIs – city forecasts
5.2 UHNWIs
5.2.1 UHNWI volume trend analysis
5.2.2 UHNWI wealth trend analysis
5.2.3 Demographic breakdown of UHNWIs
5.2.4 UHNWIs – industry breakdown
5.2.5 UHNWIs – city breakdown and performance
5.3 UHNWIs – Billionaires
5.3.1 Billionaire volume trend analysis
5.3.2 Billionaire wealth trend analysis
5.3.3 Billionaire per capita net worth trend analysis
5.3.4 List of billionaires
5.4 UHNWIs – Centimillionaires
5.4.1 Centimillionaire volume trend analysis
5.4.2 Centimillionaire wealth trend analysis
5.4.3 Centimillionaire per capita net worth trend analysis
5.5 UHNWIs – Affluent Millionaires
5.5.1 Affluent millionaire volume trend analysis
5.5.2 Affluent millionaire wealth trend analysis
5.5.3 Affluent millionaire per capita net worth trend analysis
5.6 Core HNWIs
5.6.1 Core HNWI volume trend analysis
5.7 Core HNWIs – Mid-Tier Millionaires
5.7.1 Mid-tier millionaire volume trend analysis
5.7.2 Mid-tier millionaire wealth trend analysis
5.7.3 Mid-tier millionaire per capita net worth trend analysis
5.8 Core HNWIs – Lower-Tier Millionaires
5.8.1 Lower-tier millionaire volume trend analysis
5.8.2 Lower-tier millionaire wealth trend analysis
5.8.3 Lower-tier millionaire per capita net worth trend analysis
6 Analysis of Canadian HNWI Investments
6.1 Analysis by Asset Class
6.1.1 Trends in alternative assets
6.1.2 Trends in ‘art, wine and wheels’
6.1.3 Trends of investment in real estate
6.1.4 Trends of investment in cash and deposits
6.1.5 Trends of investment in fixed-income
6.1.6 Investment trends in equity
6.1.7 Investments trends in business interests
6.2 Analysis of Foreign Investments
6.2.1 Investments in Europe
6.2.2 Investments in North America (including the US, Mexico and the Caribbean)
6.2.3 Investments in the Asia-Pacific
6.2.4 Investments in South America
6.2.5 Investments in the Middle East
6.2.6 Investments in Africa
6.3 Alternative Breakdown: Liquid vs Investable Assets
6.4 Analysis of Canadian UHNWI Investments
7 Competitive Landscape
7.1 Domestic Private Banks
7.2 Foreign Private Banks
7.3 Wealth Managers
7.4 Family Offices
8 Key Drivers
8.1 CAD–US$ Exchange Rate
8.2 Real GDP Growth
8.3 Per Capita GDP
8.4 Domestic Market Capitalization
8.5 Commodity Index
8.6 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) – Inflows and Outflows
8.7 Inflation Rate
8.8 Interest Rate
8.9 Balance of Payments
8.10 Government Debt
8.11 Stock Market Performance
8.12 Wealth Breakdowns
9 About WealthInsight

List of Tables
Table 1: HNWI Wealth Band and Group Definitions
Table 2: Canadian HNWIs – Volume Distribution (%), 2015
Table 3: Canadian HNWIs – Wealth Distribution Wealth Pyramid (%), 2015
Table 4: Canadian HNWIs – Industry Performance (%), 2011–2015
Table 5: Canadian HNWIs – Cities, 2015
Table 6: Canadian HNWIs – Growth in Top Cities (Thousand), 2011–2015
Table 7: Canadian HNWIs – Population Density in Major Cities 2015
Table 8: Canadian HNWIs – Populations in Top Cities (Thousand), 2011–2020
Table 9: Canadian HNWIs – Growth Rates for Top Cities (%), 2011–2020
Table 10: Canadian HNWIs – Sources of Wealth (%), 2015
Table 11: Canadian UHNWIs – Gender Performance (%), 2011–2015
Table 12: Canadian UHNWIs – Populations in Top Cities, 2011–2020
Table 13: Canadian UHNWIs – Growth Rates for Top Cities (%), 2011–2020
Table 14: Canadian Billionaires – Market Overview (Volume and US$ Billions) 2011–2020
Table 15: Canadian Top Billionaires (US$ Billion), 2015
Table 16: Canadian Billionaires – Wealth Growth (US$ Billion), 2011?2015
Table 17: Canadian Centimillionaires – Market Overview (Volume and US$ Million/Billion), 2011–2020
Table 18: Canadian Affluent Millionaires – Market Overview (Volume and US$ Million/Billion), 2011–2020
Table 19: Canadian Mid-Tier Millionaires – Market Overview (Volume and US$ Million/Billion), 2011–2020
Table 20: Canadian Lower-Tier Millionaires – Market Overview (Volume and US$ Million/Billion), 2011–2020
Table 21: Canadian HNWIs – Assets Allocations (%), 2011–2020
Table 22: Canadian HNWIs – Holdings Growth (%), 2011–2020
Table 23: Canadian HNWIs – Alternative Asset Composition (%), 2011–2020
Table 24: Canadian HNWIs – Trends of Investments in Alternative Assets (%), 2011–2020
Table 25: Canadian Trends in ‘Art, Wine and Wheels’, 2011–2015
Table 26: Global Prime Real Estate Prices per m2 (US$), 2015
Table 27: Canadian HNWIs – Foreign Investment Allocations (%), 2011–2020
Table 28: Canadian HNWIs – Liquidity Breakdown (US$ Billion), 2011–2020
Table 29: Canadian HNWIs – Liquidity Breakdown (%), 2011–2020
Table 30: Canadian UHNWIs – Allocations and Share of HNWI Assets (%), 2015
Table 31: Canadian Exchange Rate – CAD–US$ Exchange Rate, 2011–2020
Table 32: Canadian Real GDP Growth (%), 2011–2020
Table 33: Canadian GDP per Capita (US$), 2011–2020
Table 34: Canadian Domestic Market Capitalization (US$ Billion), 2011–2015
Table 35: Canadian Commodity Indices, 2011–2020
Table 36: Canadian Foreign Direct Investment (US$ Billion), 2011–2020
Table 37: Canadian Inflation Rate (%), 2011–2020
Table 38: Canadian Money Market Rate (%), 2011–2020
Table 39: Canadian Balance of Payments (US$ Billion), 2011–2015
Table 40: Canadian Government Debt as a Percentage of GDP (%), 2011–2020
Table 41: Canadian Stock Market Performance (Index), 2011–2015
Table 42: Canadian HNWI Wealth vs GDP Ratio (%), 2011–2020
Table 43: Canada – Appendix One
Table 44: Canada – Appendix Two

List of Figures
Figure 1: HNWI Wealth Band Definitions
Figure 2: Map of Canada
Figure 3: Canadian Asset Price Performance (%), 2011–2015
Figure 4: Canadian HNWI Performance (US$ Billion and HNWI Volume), 2011–2020
Figure 5: Canadian vs Global HNWIs (%), 2011–2015
Figure 6: Canadian HNWIs – Growth Factor Correlation, 2011–2015
Figure 7: Canadian HNWIs – Wealth Pyramid (Volume Distribution), 2015
Figure 8: Canadian HNWIs – Wealth Pyramid (Wealth Distribution), 2015
Figure 9: Canadian HNWIs – Age Distribution (%), 2015
Figure 10: Canadian HNWIs – Distribution by Industry (%), 2015
Figure 11: Canadian HNWIs – City Performance (%), 2011–2015
Figure 12: Canadian HNWIs – Volume of HNWIs by City (Thousand), 2011–2015
Figure 13: Canadian HNWIs – City Forecasts (%), 2016–2020
Figure 14: Canadian HNWIs – Population by City (Thousand), 2016–2020
Figure 15: Canadian UHNWIs – Wealth Share vs Volume Growth (%), 2011–2015
Figure 16: Canadian UHNWIs – Volume by Wealth Band 2011–2020
Figure 17: Canadian UHNWIs – Wealth by Wealth Band (US$ Billion), 2011–2020
Figure 18: Canadian UHNWIs – Age Distribution (Percentage Share), 2015
Figure 19: Canadian UHNWIs – Distribution by Industry (%), 2015
Figure 20: Canadian Billionaires – Market Overview (Volume and US$ Billion), 2011–2020
Figure 21: Canadian Centimillionaires – Market Overview (Volume and US$ Million/Billion), 2011–2020
Figure 22: Canadian Affluent Millionaires – Market Overview (Volume and US$ Million/Billion), 2011–2020
Figure 23: Canadian Mid-Tier Millionaires – Market Overview (Volume and US$ Million/Billion), 2011–2020
Figure 24: Canadian Lower-Tier Millionaires – Market Overview (Volume and US$ Million/Billion), 2011–2020
Figure 25: Canadian HNWs – Asset Class Composition (%), 2011–2020
Figure 26: Canadian HNWIs – Trends in Alternative Assets (US$ Billion), 2011–2020
Figure 27: Canadian Trends in ‘Art, Wine and Wheels’, 2011–2015
Figure 28: Canadian HNWIs – Foreign Investment Allocation and Growth (%), 2015
Figure 29: Canadian HNWIs – Global Distribution of Foreign Investments (%), 2011–2020
Figure 30: Canadian HNWIs – Liquidity Breakdown (%), 2011–2020
Figure 31: Canadian UHNWIs – Asset Class Composition (%), 2011–2020
Figure 32: Canadian Exchange Rate – CAD–US$, 2011–2020
Figure 33: Canadian Real GDP Growth (%), 2011–2020
Figure 34: Canadian GDP per Capita (US$), 2011–2020
Figure 35: Canadian Domestic Market Capitalization (US$ Billion), 2011–2015
Figure 36: Canadian Commodity Indices, 2011–2020
Figure 37: Canadian Foreign Direct Investment (US$ Billion), 2011–2020
Figure 38: Canadian Inflation Rate (%), 2011–2020
Figure 39: Canadian Money Market Rate (%), 2011–2020
Figure 40: Canadian Balance of Payments (US$ Billion), 2011–2015
Figure 41: Canadian Government Debt as a Percentage of GDP (%), 2011–2020
Figure 42: Canadian Stock Market Performance (Index), 2011–2015
Figure 43: Canadian HNWI Wealth vs GDP Ratio (%), 2011–2020
Figure 44: Canadian HNWIs – Volume by Wealth Band, 2011–2020
Figure 45: Canadian HNWIs – Wealth by Wealth Band (US$ Billion), 2011–2020
Figure 46: Canadian HNWIs – Wealth per Capita (US$ Million), 2011–2020