1 Key statistics

2 Regional Africa Market Comparison
2.1 Market characteristics
2.2 Market Leaders
2.3 Market Challengers
2.4 Market Emergents
2.5 TMI vs GDP
2.6 Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
2.7 Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration

3 Country overview

4 Covid-19 and its impact on the telecom sector
4.1 Economic considerations and responses
4.2 Subscribers
4.3 Infrastructure

5 Telecommunications market
5.1 Market analysis

6 Regulatory environment
6.1 Telecommunications reform
6.2 National ICT Policy
6.3 Regulatory authority
6.3.1 ARTEC
6.4 Fixed-line developments
6.4.1 Universal Service Fund
6.4.2 Privatisation
6.5 Mobile network developments
6.5.1 Spectrum licenses
6.5.2 SIM card registration

7 Mobile market
7.1 Market analysis
7.2 Mobile statistics
7.3 Mobile infrastructure
7.3.1 5G
7.3.2 4G (LTE)
7.3.3 3G
7.3.4 GPRS/EDGE
7.3.5 Satellite mobile
7.3.6 Mobile broadband
7.4 Major mobile operators
7.4.1 Airtel Madagascar (formerly Madacom, Zain/Celtel)
7.4.2 Orange Madagascar (formerly SMM)
7.4.3 Telma Mobile (Telecom Malagasy)
7.4.4 Madamobil
7.4.5 Blueline
7.5 Mobile content and applications
7.5.1 Mobile money transfer, m-banking

8 Fixed-line broadband market
8.1 Market analysis
8.2 Broadband statistics
8.3 Public internet access locations
8.4 Data licensees
8.5 Broadband infrastructure
8.5.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
8.5.2 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
8.5.3 Other fixed-line broadband services

9 Fixed network operators
9.1 Telecom Malagasy (Telma)
9.2 Gulfsat Madagascar

10 Telecommunications infrastructure
10.1 Overview of the national telecom network
10.2 Network infrastructure
10.3 National fibre optic backbone
10.4 International infrastructure
10.4.1 SAFE
10.4.2 LION
10.4.3 EASSy
10.4.4 METISS
10.4.5 Africa-1
10.4.6 2Africa submarine cable

11 Glossary of abbreviations

12 Related reports

List of Tables
Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Madagascar 2021 (e)
Table 2 Development of telecom market revenue by service (MGA million) 2012 2020
Table 3 Fixed-line voice and data revenue (MGA million) 2014 2019
Table 4 Development of wholesale revenue by service (MGA million) 2016 2020
Table 5 Change in telecom market investment 2012 2019
Table 6 Telecom sector share of GDP 2012 2018
Table 7 Mobile network coverage of communes (communes covered) 2017 2020
Table 8 New mobile network coverage by technology (communes newly served) 2018 2020
Table 9 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2012 2027
Table 10 Development of off-net mobile traffic (million minutes) 2012 2020
Table 11 Development of on-net mobile traffic 2012 2020
Table 12 Development of mobile revenue by type (MGA billion) 2017 2019
Table 13 Increase in SMS traffic 2012 2020
Table 14 Change in SMS revenue 2016 2020
Table 15 Population coverage by mobile platform 2014 2020
Table 16 Shared and owned mobile base stations 2017 2020
Table 17 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2012 2027
Table 18 Increase in mobile internet traffic 2012 2020
Table 19 Mobile internet revenue 2016 2020
Table 20 Change in the number of Airtel Madagascar's mobile subscribers 2013 2019
Table 21 Change in the number of Orange Madagascar's mobile subscribers 2012 2021
Table 22 Change in the number of Telma Mobile's mobile subscribers 2013 2019
Table 23 Change in the number of internet users and penetration rate 2012 2020
Table 24 Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers 2012 2027
Table 25 Increase in fixed-line internet traffic 2012 2020
Table 26 Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2012 2020
Table 27 Increase in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013 2020
Table 28 Change in the number of fixed wireless broadband subscribers 2016 2020
Table 29 Decline in the number of satellite broadband subscribers 2016 2020
Table 30 Change in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2012 2027
Table 31 Change in the number of fixed lines by type 2015 2019
Table 32 Decline in fixed-line traffic (million minutes) 2012 2020
Table 33 Increase in international internet bandwidth 2012 2018
Table 34 Historic - Telecom market revenue by service (MGA million) 2006 2011
Table 35 Historic - Mobile network coverage by technology and operator 2017
Table 36 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2000 2011
Table 37 Historic - Development of off-net mobile traffic (million minutes) 2006 2011
Table 38 Historic - Development of on-net mobile traffic 2006 2011
Table 39 Historic - Zain Madagascar financial data before takeover 2006 2009
Table 40 Historic - Orange Madagascar subscribers 2007 2011
Table 41 Historic - Orange Madagascar revenue 2012 2014
Table 42 Historic - Fixed-line internet users and penetration rate 2000 2011
Table 43 Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2006 2011
Table 44 Historic - DSL broadband subscribers 2006 2011
Table 45 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 2011
Table 46 Historic - Fixed-line traffic (million minutes) 2006 2011
Table 47 Historic - International internet bandwidth 2000 2011

List of Charts
Chart 1 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index Market Leaders
Chart 2 Africa Market Leaders global ranking
Chart 3 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index Market Challengers
Chart 4 Africa Market Challengers global ranking
Chart 5 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index Market Emergents
Chart 6 Africa Market Emergents global ranking
Chart 7 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
Chart 8 Africa Mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 9 Africa Fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 10 Development of telecom market revenue by service 2012 2020
Chart 11 Development of wholesale revenue by service 2016 2020
Chart 12 Change in telecom market investment 2012 2019
Chart 13 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2012 2027
Chart 14 Development of off-net mobile traffic 2012 2020
Chart 15 Development of on-net mobile traffic 2012 2020
Chart 16 Increase in SMS traffic 2012 2020
Chart 17 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2012 2027
Chart 18 Increase in mobile internet traffic 2012 2020
Chart 19 Change in the number of Orange Madagascar's mobile subscribers 2012 2021
Chart 20 Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2012 2020
Chart 21 Increase in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2013 2020
Chart 22 Change in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2012 2027
Chart 23 Change in the number of fixed lines by type 2015 2019
Chart 24 Decline in fixed-line traffic 2012 2020

List of Exhibits
Exhibit 1 Map of Telecom Maturity Index global ranking among countries in Africa
Exhibit 2 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 3 Africa Market Leaders and market developments
Exhibit 4 Africa Market Challengers and market developments
Exhibit 5 Africa Market Emergents and market developments
Exhibit 6 2Africa landing stations