1 INTRODUCTION 19
1.1 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 19
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 19
1.3 STUDY SCOPE 20
1.4 REGIONAL SEGMENTATION 21
1.5 PERIODIZATION CONSIDERED 21
1.6 CURRENCY CONSIDERED 22
1.7 AREA UNIT CONSIDERED 23
1.8 STAKEHOLDERS 23

2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 24
2.1 RESEARCH DATA 24
2.1.1 SECONDARY DATA 25
2.1.2 PRIMARY DATA 25
2.1.2.1 Key industry insights 25
2.1.2.2 Breakdown of primary interviews 26
2.2 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 27
2.2.1 BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 27
2.2.2 TOP-DOWN APPROACH 28
2.3 DATA TRIANGULATION 29
2.4 RESEARCH ASSUMPTIONS 30
2.5 LIMITATIONS 31

3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 32

4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 35
4.1 OPPORTUNITIES IN THE SEEDS MARKET 35
4.2 SEEDS MARKET, BY TRAIT 36
4.3 NORTH AMERICA: SEEDS MARKET, BY KEY CROP TYPE & COUNTRY 36
4.4 SEEDS MARKET, BY TRAIT & REGION 37
4.5 KEY GEOGRAPHICAL MARKETS 38

5 MARKET OVERVIEW 39
5.1 INTRODUCTION 39
5.2 MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS 39
5.2.1 INTRODUCTION 39
5.2.1.1 Growth in the usage of commercial seeds 39
5.2.1.2 Increase in pesticide usage at the global level 41
5.2.1.3 Growth in market demand for high-value and industrial crops 41
5.3 MARKET DYNAMICS 43
5.3.1 DRIVERS 43
5.3.1.1 Rise in the seed replacement rate 43
5.3.1.2 Growth in usage of oilseeds by animal feed manufacturers 44
5.3.1.3 Increase in demand from the biofuel sector 46
5.3.1.4 High demand for protein meals 47
5.3.2 RESTRAINTS 48
5.3.2.1 Uncertainty in climatic conditions 48
5.3.2.2 Price fluctuations in oilseeds 48
5.3.2.3 Low yield of crops in under-irrigated areas 49
5.3.3 OPPORTUNITIES 50
5.3.3.1 Demand for healthy and organic processed products 50
5.3.3.2 Public-private partnerships in varietal development 50
5.3.3.3 Molecular breeding in seeds 51
5.3.4 CHALLENGES 51
5.3.4.1 Unorganized new entrants with low profit to cost ratio 51
5.3.4.2 Post-harvest management in developing countries 52
5.3.4.3 Commercialization of fake hybrid seeds and counterfeit of products 52

6 REGULATIONS 53
6.1 REGULATIONS 53
6.1.1 NORTH AMERICA 53
6.1.1.1 US 53
6.1.1.2 Canada 55
6.1.2 EUROPEAN UNION 56
6.1.3 ASIA PACIFIC 57
6.1.3.1 India 57
6.1.3.2 China 58
6.1.3.3 Bangladesh 59
6.1.4 BRAZIL 59
6.1.5 SOUTH AFRICA 61

7 PATENT ANALYSIS 62

8 SEEDS MARKET, BY CROP TYPE 65
8.1 INTRODUCTION 66
8.2 OILSEEDS & PULSES 67
8.2.1 SOYBEAN 67
8.2.1.1 Favorable trade and price-related policy to drive the growth of soybean 67
8.2.2 RAPESEED 69
8.2.2.1 Rapeseed is being preferred as an economically cheaper option to soybean 69
8.2.3 COTTON 70
8.2.3.1 Extensive research is being conducted on commercializing biotech cotton plant for use in food 70
8.2.4 OTHER OILSEED CROPS 70
8.2.4.1 Higher production of sunflower seeds can be attributed to the growing demand from food and feed industries 70
8.3 CEREALS & GRAINS 74
8.3.1 CORN 74
8.3.1.1 Companies are focused on making use of hybrid varieties of corn for improving feed quality 74
8.3.2 WHEAT 75
8.3.2.1 Depleting wheat inventories drive the need for R&D focused on the development of hybrid varieties 75
8.3.3 RICE 76
8.3.3.1 Genetically modified rice varieties gaining popularity among consumers to tackle vitamin deficiencies 76
8.3.4 OTHER CEREALS & GRAINS 76
8.3.4.1 Sorghum’s growth as an industrial crop would improve the growth of commercial seeds 76
8.4 FRUITS & VEGETABLES 79
8.4.1 SOLANACEAE 79
8.4.1.1 Solanaceae ingredients have been gaining importance in the processed food industry for their nutritional properties 79
8.4.2 CUCURBITS 79
8.4.2.1 Seedless hybrid variants of cucumber to be used for polyhouse cultivation in Asian countries 79
8.4.3 BRASSICAS 80
8.4.3.1 Reduced feed cost makes brassicas an economical option for feed manufacturers 80
8.4.4 LEAFY VEGETABLES 80
8.4.4.1 Introduction of smart technologies has allowed for the improvement in yield of leafy vegetables 80
8.4.5 ROOT & BULB VEGETABLES 81
8.4.5.1 With a greater emphasis on healthy snacking habits, carrots are becoming popular in salads 81
8.4.6 OTHER FRUITS & VEGETABLES 82
8.4.6.1 The growing household demand for fresh vegetables is driving the market 82
8.5 OTHERS 83
8.5.1 ALFALFA 83
8.5.1.1 Government organizations investing in R&D for low-lignin alfalfa 83
8.5.2 FLOWER SEEDS 84
8.5.2.1 Poppy seeds being used as flavoring ingredients in food products 84
8.5.3 TURF GRASSES 84
8.5.3.1 Demand for hybrid turf grass to meet the requirements of sports tournaments 84
8.5.4 OTHER CROPS 84
8.5.4.1 Hydroponic methods in fodder crops to reduce feed costs 84

9 SEEDS MARKET, BY TYPE 86
9.1 INTRODUCTION 87
9.2 CONVENTIONAL SEEDS 88
9.2.1 COMPANIES ARE FOCUSING THEIR R&D ON INTRODUCING COST-SAVING HYBRID SEEDS 88
9.3 GENETICALLY MODIFIED SEEDS 90
9.3.1 GENETICALLY MODIFIED SEEDS BEING USED TO COMBAT VITAMIN DEFICIENCIES IN CONSUMERS 90

10 SEEDS MARKET, BY TRAIT 92
10.1 INTRODUCTION 93
10.2 HERBICIDE TOLERANCE 94
10.2.1 INDUSTRY GIANTS FOCUSED ON INTRODUCING SOYBEAN SEEDS, WHICH HAVE MULTIPLE GENES TO ENHANCE HERBICIDE TOLERANCE 94
10.3 INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE 97
10.3.1 USE OF BLENDED SEEDS TO HELP REDUCE INSTANCES OF PEST RESISTANCE IN BT CROPS 97
10.4 OTHER TRAITS 99
10.4.1 MOLECULAR STACKING TO AID IN MAKING THE BREEDING PROCESS EASIER 99

11 SEEDS MARKET, BY REGION 101
11.1 INTRODUCTION 102
11.2 NORTH AMERICA 103
11.2.1 US 107
11.2.1.1 Presence of major seed companies in the US aiding the growth of the seeds market 107
11.2.2 CANADA 109
11.2.2.1 Adoption of cutting-edge technologies in plant breeding to drive the Canadian market 109
11.2.3 MEXICO 114
11.2.3.1 Import of genetically modified corn to meet the growing demand from the livestock sector 114
11.3 EUROPE 115
11.3.1.1 Growth in demand from the livestock sector for oilseeds to drive the growth of the market in Spain 118
11.3.2 ITALY 120
11.3.2.1 Italians adopt 220,000 hectares toward seed production annually 120
11.3.3 GERMANY 121
11.3.3.1 Increase in the land area being brought under the cultivation of crops is driving the growth of the market 121
11.3.4 FRANCE 121
11.3.4.1 The presence of major seed companies in France has promoted the growth of the commercial seeds market 121
11.3.5 RUSSIA 122
11.3.5.1 High domestic demand for vegetable oil is driving the growth of sunflower seeds in the country 122
11.3.6 UK 123
11.3.6.1 Higher demand from the biodiesel industry for rapeseed driving the growth in the UK 123
11.3.7 NETHERLANDS 124
11.3.7.1 The Netherlands is largely focusing on the production of vegetable seeds 124
11.3.8 REST OF EUROPE 125
11.3.8.1 Increased demand for biofuel production from rapeseed has been a turning point in the commercial sector of countries in this region 125
11.4 ASIA PACIFIC 126
11.4.1 CHINA 129
11.4.1.1 China among the largest producers of rice in the world catering to the growing international demand for grains 129
11.4.2 THAILAND 131
11.4.2.1 Export of corn drives the seeds market in Thailand 131
11.4.3 INDIA 132
11.4.3.1 Organized feed market to push the growth of the commercial seeds sector 132
11.4.4 JAPAN 135
11.4.4.1 Growth from bakery & breakfast for cereals would propel the growth of the Japanese market 135
11.4.5 AUSTRALIA 136
11.4.5.1 Growth in the export market for canola to drive the growth of the GM seeds market 136
11.4.6 REST OF ASIA PACIFIC 137
11.4.6.1 Increased budgetary allocations toward the development of the seed sector in the region 137
11.5 SOUTH AMERICA 138
11.5.1 BRAZIL 140
11.5.1.1 High demand for soybean from European and Asian countries 140
11.5.2 ARGENTINA 143
11.5.2.1 Argentinian companies are promoting the adoption of genetically modified crops 143
11.5.3 REST OF SOUTH AMERICA 145
11.5.3.1 High export of fruits & vegetables alongside other high-value crops supports market growth 145
11.6 REST OF THE WORLD 146
11.6.1 SOUTH AFRICA 148
11.6.1.1 Presence of subsidies and other government initiatives to drive the growth of the market 148
11.6.2 TURKEY 150
11.6.2.1 Favorable government policies in the Turkish economy have propelled the growth of the seeds market 150
11.6.3 EGYPT 151
11.6.3.1 Growth in demand for US-origin seeds in Egypt 151
11.6.4 OTHERS IN ROW 152
11.6.4.1 High demand for corn in food and feed would drive the cereals & grains market 152

12 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 154
12.1 OVERVIEW 154
12.2 COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING 155
12.2.1 DYNAMIC DIFFERENTIATORS 155
12.2.2 INNOVATORS 155
12.2.3 VISIONARY LEADERS 155
12.2.4 EMERGING COMPANIES 155
12.3 STRENGTH OF PRODUCT PORTFOLIO 157
12.4 BUSINESS STRATEGY EXCELLENCE 157
12.5 COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING (EMERGING PLAYERS) 158
12.5.1 PROGRESSIVE COMPANIES 158
12.5.2 STARTING BLOCKS 158
12.5.3 RESPONSIVE COMPANIES 158
12.5.4 DYNAMIC COMPANIES 158
12.6 STRENGTH OF PRODUCT PORTFOLIO 160
12.7 BUSINESS STRATEGY EXCELLENCE 161
12.8 MARKET SHARE OF KEY PLAYERS, 2017 162
12.9 COMPETITIVE SCENARIO 163
12.9.1 NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES 163
12.9.2 EXPANSIONS & INVESTMENTS 163
12.9.3 ACQUISITIONS 164
12.9.4 PARTNERSHIPS, AGREEMENTS, COLLABORATIONS, AND JOINT VENTURES 165

13 COMPANY PROFILES 166
(Business overview, Products offered, Recent Developments, SWOT analysis, MNM view)*
13.1 BASF 166
13.2 BAYER CROPSCIENCE AG 171
13.3 SYNGENTA AG 177
13.4 KWS SAAT SE 182
13.5 LAND O’LAKES, INC. 186
13.6 SAKATA SEED CORPORATION 188
13.7 GROUPE LIMAGRAIN 191
13.8 CORTEVA 195
13.9 UPL 200
13.10 DLF 203
13.11 LONGPING HITECH 206
13.12 RALLIS INDIA LIMITED 208
13.13 ENZA ZADEN 210
13.14 TAKII & CO., LTD 213
13.15 BARENBRUG 215
*Details on Business overview, Products offered, Recent Developments, SWOT analysis, MNM view might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.

14 APPENDIX 217
14.1 DISCUSSION GUIDE 217
14.2 KNOWLEDGE STORE: MARKETSANDMARKETS’ SUBSCRIPTION PORTAL 222
14.3 AVAILABLE CUSTOMIZATIONS 224
14.4 RELATED REPORTS 225
14.5 AUTHOR DETAILS 226

LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1 USD EXCHANGE RATES, 2014–2018 22
TABLE 2 PROTEIN SOURCES USED IN ANIMAL FEED 45
TABLE 3 SEEDS USED IN THE PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL 46
TABLE 4 WEATHER CONDITIONS VS. DISEASE IN GROUNDNUT IN SPECIFIC COUNTRIES 48
TABLE 5 FOOD LOSSES IN LOW-INCOME SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN COUNTRIES 52
TABLE 6 LIST OF KEY PATENTS FOR SEEDS, 2017–2019 63
TABLE 7 SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 66
TABLE 8 APPLICATION AREAS OF SOYBEAN 68
TABLE 9 OILSEED & PULSE SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 71
TABLE 10 OILSEED & PULSE SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 71
TABLE 11 SOYBEAN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 72
TABLE 12 COTTONSEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 72
TABLE 13 CANOLA SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 73
TABLE 14 OILSEED & PULSE SEEDS TREATMENT MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2015–2022 (USD MILLION) 73
TABLE 15 CEREAL & GRAIN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 77
TABLE 16 CEREAL & GRAIN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 77
TABLE 17 CORN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 78
TABLE 18 CEREAL & GRAIN SEED TREATMENT MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2015–2022 (USD MILLION) 78
TABLE 19 FRUIT & VEGETABLE SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 82
TABLE 20 FRUIT & VEGETABLE SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY FAMILY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 82
TABLE 21 FRUIT & VEGETABLE SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 83
TABLE 22 FUNCTIONAL, RECREATIONAL, AND ORNAMENTAL BENEFITS OF TURF GRASS 84
TABLE 23 OTHER CROP SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 85
TABLE 24 SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 87
TABLE 25 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF CONVENTIONAL SOYBEAN 88
TABLE 26 CONVENTIONAL SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 89
TABLE 27 GENETICALLY MODIFIED OILSEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 91
TABLE 28 SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TRAIT, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 93
TABLE 29 SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TRAIT, 2017–2025 (MILLION HECTARES) 94
TABLE 30 COMMERCIALIZED HERBICIDE-TOLERANT SEED PRODUCTS 95
TABLE 31 HERBICIDE-TOLERANT SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 96
TABLE 32 HERBICIDE-TOLERANT SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (MILLION HA) 96
TABLE 33 INSECT-RESISTANT SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 97
TABLE 34 INSECT-RESISTANT SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (MILLION HA) 98
TABLE 35 GENE STACKING METHODS IN THE PRODUCTION OF BIOTECH STACKS 99
TABLE 36 OTHER TRAIT SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 100
TABLE 37 OTHER TRAIT SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (MILLION HA) 100
TABLE 38 SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 103
TABLE 39 NORTH AMERICA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 104
TABLE 40 NORTH AMERICA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 105
TABLE 41 NORTH AMERICA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TRAIT, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 105
TABLE 42 NORTH AMERICA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 106
TABLE 43 NORTH AMERICA: SEED TREATMENT MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2015–2022 (USD MILLION) 106
TABLE 44 US: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 107
TABLE 45 US: CEREAL & GRAIN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 108
TABLE 46 US: CORN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 108
TABLE 47 US: OILSEED & PULSE SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 108
TABLE 48 US: SOYBEAN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 109
TABLE 49 SEED CROPS GROWN IN CANADA 109
TABLE 50 CANADA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 111
TABLE 51 CANADA: CEREAL & GRAIN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 112
TABLE 52 CANADA: CORN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 112
TABLE 53 CANADA: OILSEED & PULSE SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 112
TABLE 54 CANADA: SOYBEAN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 113
TABLE 55 CANADA SEEDS MARKET SIZE FOR CANOLA, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 113
TABLE 56 MEXICO: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 115
TABLE 57 EUROPE: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 117
TABLE 58 EUROPE: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 117
TABLE 59 EUROPE: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 118
TABLE 60 EUROPE: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TRAIT, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 118
TABLE 61 SPAIN: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 119
TABLE 62 SPAIN: CEREAL & GRAIN SEEDS MARKET, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 119
TABLE 63 SPAIN: CEREAL & GRAIN SEEDS MARKET, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 119
TABLE 64 ITALY: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 120
TABLE 65 GERMANY: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 121
TABLE 66 FRANCE: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 122
TABLE 67 RUSSIA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 122
TABLE 68 UK: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 123
TABLE 69 NETHERLANDS: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 124
TABLE 70 REST OF EUROPE: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 125
TABLE 71 ASIA PACIFIC: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 126
TABLE 72 ASIA PACIFIC: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 127
TABLE 73 ASIA PACIFIC: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 127
TABLE 74 ASIA PACIFIC: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TRAIT, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 128
TABLE 75 ASIA PACIFIC: SEED TREATMENT MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2015–2022 (USD MILLION) 128
TABLE 76 CHINA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 130
TABLE 77 CHINA: OILSEED & PULSE SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 130
TABLE 78 CHINA: COTTONSEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 131
TABLE 79 THAILAND: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 132
TABLE 80 INDIA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 133
TABLE 81 INDIA: OILSEED & PULSE SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 134
TABLE 82 INDIA: COTTON SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 134
TABLE 83 JAPAN: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 135
TABLE 84 AUSTRALIA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 136
TABLE 85 REST OF ASIA PACIFIC: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 137
TABLE 86 SOUTH AMERICA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 138
TABLE 87 SOUTH AMERICA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 138
TABLE 88 SOUTH AMERICA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TRAIT, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 139
TABLE 89 SOUTH AMERICA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 139
TABLE 90 SOUTH AMERICA: SEED TREATMENT MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2015–2022 (USD MILLION) 140
TABLE 91 BRAZIL: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 141
TABLE 92 BRAZIL: CEREAL & GRAIN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 141
TABLE 93 BRAZIL: CORN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 142
TABLE 94 BRAZIL: OILSEED & PULSE SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 142
TABLE 95 BRAZIL: SOYBEAN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 142
TABLE 96 ARGENTINA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 143
TABLE 97 ARGENTINA: CEREAL & GRAIN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 143
TABLE 98 ARGENTINA: CORN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 144
TABLE 99 ARGENTINA: OILSEED & PULSE SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 144
TABLE 100 ARGENTINA: SOYBEAN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 144
TABLE 101 GLOBAL RANKING OF PERU’S AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS, 2015 145
TABLE 102 REST OF SOUTH AMERICA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 146
TABLE 103 ROW: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 146
TABLE 104 ROW: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 147
TABLE 105 ROW: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 147
TABLE 106 ROW: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TRAIT, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 148
TABLE 107 ROW: SEED TREATMENT MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2015–2022 (USD MILLION) 148
TABLE 108 SOUTH AFRICA: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 149
TABLE 109 TURKEY: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 150
TABLE 110 EGYPT: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 151
TABLE 111 OTHERS IN ROW: SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2017–2025 (USD MILLION) 153
TABLE 112 NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES, 2019 163
TABLE 113 EXPANSIONS & INVESTMENTS, 2014–2019 163
TABLE 114 ACQUISITIONS, 2018–2019 164
TABLE 115 PARTNERSHIPS, AGREEMENTS, COLLABORATIONS, AND JOINT VENTURES, 2019 165

LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 1 SEEDS: MARKET SEGMENTATION 20
FIGURE 2 SEEDS MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN 24
FIGURE 3 BREAKDOWN OF PRIMARY INTERVIEWS: BY COMPANY TYPE, DESIGNATION, AND REGION 26
FIGURE 4 SEEDS MARKET: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 27
FIGURE 5 SEEDS MARKET: TOP-DOWN APPROACH 28
FIGURE 6 DATA TRIANGULATION 29
FIGURE 7 SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2019 VS. 2025 (USD MILLION) 32
FIGURE 8 SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2025 (USD MILLION) 33
FIGURE 9 SEEDS MARKET SHARE (VALUE), BY TRAIT, 2019 VS. 2025 33
FIGURE 10 SEEDS MARKET: REGIONAL SNAPSHOT 34
FIGURE 11 INCREASING NEED FOR FOOD & FEED SUPPORTS THE GROWTH OF THE SEEDS MARKET 35
FIGURE 12 OTHER TRAITS WERE THE MOST PREFERRED FOR THE SEEDS MARKET IN 2018 36
FIGURE 13 NORTH AMERICA: THE US WAS THE DOMINANT CONSUMER IN 2018 36
FIGURE 14 NORTH AMERICA WITNESSED THE LARGEST MARKET SHARE FOR SEEDS WITH OTHER TRAITS IN 2018 37
FIGURE 15 ASIA PACIFIC COUNTRIES ARE PROJECTED TO WITNESS HIGH GROWTH DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD 38
FIGURE 16 MAJOR SEED-PRODUCING COUNTRIES IN THE GLOBAL MARKET, 2015 40
FIGURE 17 EUROPE: TOP 5 SEED-PRODUCING COUNTRIES, 2013–2016 (‘000 HECTARE) 40
FIGURE 18 AREA HARVESTED UNDER HIGH-VALUE CROPS, 2013–2016 (MILLION HECTARE) 42
FIGURE 19 SEEDS MARKET: DRIVERS, RESTRAINTS, OPPORTUNITIES, AND CHALLENGES 43
FIGURE 20 INDIA: RICE SEED REPLACEMENT RATE TRENDS, 2004–2017 44
FIGURE 21 USE OF PROTEIN MATERIAL BY THE EUROPEAN ANIMAL FEED SECTOR, BY SOURCE, 2016–2017 45
FIGURE 22 US: MONTHLY BIODIESEL PRODUCTION, 2017 VS. 2018 (MILLION GALLON) 47
FIGURE 23 GLOBAL PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF PROTEIN MEALS, 2018–2025 (MT) 47
FIGURE 24 OILSEED PRICES, BY TYPE, 2007–2017 (USD) 49
FIGURE 25 GROWTH OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL AND ORGANIC LAND, 2011–2017 (MILLION HECTARE) 50
FIGURE 26 NUMBER OF PATENTS APPROVED FOR SEEDS IN THE MARKET, 2015–2019 62
FIGURE 27 REGIONAL ANALYSIS OF PATENTS APPROVED IN THE SEEDS MARKET, 2015–2019 63
FIGURE 28 SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP TYPE, 2019 VS. 2025 (USD MILLION) 66
FIGURE 29 ANNUAL SOYBEAN PRODUCTION, 2017–2018 (MMT) 67
FIGURE 30 ANNUAL PRODUCTION OF RAPESEED, 2014–2019 (MMT) 69
FIGURE 31 ANNUAL PRODUCTION OF SUNFLOWER SEED, 2015–2019 (MMT) 70
FIGURE 32 CEREAL & GRAIN SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY CROP, 2019 VS. 2025 (USD MILLION) 74
FIGURE 33 ANNUAL PRODUCTION OF CORN, 2017–2019 (MMT) 75
FIGURE 34 CHIEF RICE EXPORTERS, 2018 (MILLION TON) 76
FIGURE 35 GLOBAL CARROT PRODUCTION, BY COUNTRY, 2013 81
FIGURE 36 SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TYPE, 2019 VS. 2025 (USD MILLION) 87
FIGURE 37 SEEDS MARKET SIZE, BY TRAIT, 2019 VS. 2025 (USD MILLION) 93
FIGURE 38 NUMBER OF HERBICIDE-TOLERANT SPECIES, BY CROP, 2015 95
FIGURE 39 US HELD THE LARGEST SHARE IN THE SEEDS MARKET DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD 102
FIGURE 40 NORTH AMERICA: REGIONAL SNAPSHOT 104
FIGURE 41 KEY CANADIAN SEED IMPORTERS, 2014 111
FIGURE 42 MEXICO: GRAIN IMPORTS FOR THE FEED SECTOR, 2013–2017 (‘000 MT) 114
FIGURE 43 EUROPE: REGIONAL SNAPSHOT 116
FIGURE 44 CHINA: SOYBEAN CONSUMPTION SHARE, BY FORM, 2018 129
FIGURE 45 INDIA: OILSEED PRODUCTION, BY OIL MEAL TYPE, 2018 (‘000 METRIC TON) 133
FIGURE 46 SEED IMPORTS OF JAPAN, BY CROP TYPE, 2017 135
FIGURE 47 AUSTRALIA: CANOLA EXPORTS, 2013–17 (‘000 METRIC TON) 136
FIGURE 48 BRAZILIAN SEEDS MARKET, BY CROP, 2015-16 140
FIGURE 49 SOUTH AFRICA: SHARE OF TOP PLAYERS IN THE PRODUCTION OF MAJOR SEEDS, 2017 149
FIGURE 50 TURKEY: CERTIFIED SEED PRODUCTION BY THE GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTOR, 2017 (MT) 150
FIGURE 51 MIDDLE EAST: OILSEED PRODUCTION SHARE, BY CROP, 2018 152
FIGURE 52 SEEDS MARKET: COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING, 2018 156
FIGURE 53 SEEDS MARKET: COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING FOR EMERGING COMPANIES, 2018 159
FIGURE 54 MONSANTO LED THE SEEDS MARKET IN 2017 162
FIGURE 55 BASF: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 166
FIGURE 56 BASF: SWOT ANALYSIS 170
FIGURE 57 BAYER CROPSCIENCE AG: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 172
FIGURE 58 BAYER CROPSCIENCE AG: SWOT ANALYSIS 176
FIGURE 59 SYNGENTA AG: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 177
FIGURE 60 SYNGENTA AG: SWOT ANALYSIS 180
FIGURE 61 KWS SAAT SE: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 182
FIGURE 62 KWS SAAT SE: SWOT ANALYSIS 185
FIGURE 63 SAKATA SEED CORPORATION: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 188
FIGURE 64 GROUPE LIMAGRAIN: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 191
FIGURE 65 CORTEVA: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 195
FIGURE 66 CORTEVA: SWOT ANALYSIS 198
FIGURE 67 UPL: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 200
FIGURE 68 DLF: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 203
FIGURE 69 RALLIS INDIA LIMITED: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 208