1 Key Statistics

2 Regional Market Comparison
2.1 Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
2.1.1 Market Leaders
2.1.2 Market Challengers
2.1.3 Market Emergents
2.2 TMI versus GDP
2.3 Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
2.4 Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration

3 Country overview

4 COVID-19 and the telecom sector impact
4.1 Economic considerations and responses
4.2 Mobile devices
4.3 Subscribers
4.4 Infrastructure

5 Telecommunications market
5.1 Market overview

6 Regulatory environment
6.1 Historical overview
6.2 Regulatory authority
6.3 Fixed-line developments
6.3.1 General Telecommunications Act
6.3.2 Telecom sector liberalisation
6.3.3 Interconnect
6.3.4 Access
6.3.5 Number Portability (NP)
6.3.6 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
6.3.7 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
6.4 Mobile network developments
6.4.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
6.4.2 Roaming
6.4.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
6.4.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)

7 Mobile market
7.1 Market analysis
7.2 Mobile statistics
7.2.1 Operator market shares
7.2.2 Mobile voice
7.2.3 Mobile data
7.2.4 Mobile broadband
7.3 Mobile infrastructure
7.3.1 5G
7.3.2 4G (LTE)
7.3.3 3G
7.3.4 Other infrastructure developments
7.4 Major mobile operators
7.4.1 Movistar
7.4.2 Vodafone Spain
7.4.3 Orange Spain
7.4.4 Másmóvil
7.4.5 MVNOs
7.5 Mobile content and applications

8 Fixed-line broadband market
8.1 Market analysis
8.1.1 Government initiatives
8.1.2 Broadband statistics
8.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
8.2.1 Euskaltel Group
8.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
8.3.1 Movistar
8.3.2 ADSL2+
8.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
8.4.1 Regulatory issues
8.4.2 Fibre market
8.4.3 Movistar
8.4.4 Vodafone Spain
8.4.5 Orange Spain
8.4.6 Másmóvil
8.4.7 Other developments
8.5 Other fixed broadband services
8.5.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
8.5.2 Wi-Fi
8.5.3 WiMAX
8.5.4 Satellite broadband
8.5.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)

9 Fixed network operators
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Telefónica
9.3 Orange Spain
9.3.1 Jazztel
9.4 Vodafone Spain
9.4.1 Ono
9.5 Másmóvil

10 Telecommunications infrastructure
10.1 Overview of the national telecom network
10.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
10.3 International infrastructure
10.3.1 Satellite networks
10.3.2 Submarine cable
10.4 Smart Infrastructure
10.4.1 Smart Cities Barcelona

11 Appendix Historic data
11.1 Mobile
11.2 Broadband
11.3 Fixed
11.4 Companies

12 Related reports

List of Tables
Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Spain 2020 (e)
Table 2 Development of telecom revenue, retail and wholesale 2010 2019
Table 3 Telecom revenue annual change 2010 2019
Table 4 Development of telecom retail revenue by sector 2010 2019
Table 5 Development of telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector 2010 2019
Table 6 Decline in fixed interconnection revenue 2010 2019
Table 7 Change in the number of subscribers by type of access 2010 2019
Table 8 Change in the number of LLU and shared access lines 2010 2019
Table 9 Change in the number of fixed number portings 2010 2019
Table 10 Carrier PreSelection lines 2006 2017
Table 11 Change in the number of annual number portings 2010 2019
Table 12 Decline in mobile retail market revenue, annual change 2010 2019
Table 13 Development of mobile market revenue by sector 2010 2019
Table 14 Decline in mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors 2010 2019
Table 15 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 2025
Table 16 Change in the number of prepaid and contract mobile subscribers 2010 2019
Table 17 Mobile subscriber market share by operator 2004 2018
Table 18 Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes 2000 2017
Table 19 SMS revenue and messages sent 2005 2017
Table 20 MMS revenue and messages sent 2004 2017
Table 21 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers by operator 2010 2019
Table 22 Mobile broadband (data only) subscribers by operator 2014 2017
Table 23 Mobile broadband lines by type (voice and data) 2011 2019
Table 24 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Table 25 Growth in mobile broadband traffic 2012 2019
Table 26 Growth in mobile broadband revenue and annual change 2010 2019
Table 27 Movistar LTE subscribers and penetration 2014 2018
Table 28 Growth in the number of M2M lines 2010 2019
Table 29 Change in the number of Movistar’s mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Table 30 Development of Vodafone Spain’s revenue by type (new style, ) 2013 2020
Table 31 Development of Vodafone Spain’s mobile service and total revenue 2013 2020
Table 32 Vodafone Spain’s quarterly mobile service revenue 2016 2020
Table 33 Change in the number of Vodafone Spain’s mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid 2010 2020
Table 34 Growth in Vodafone Spain’s mobile data traffic 2013 2020
Table 35 Decline in Vodafone Spain’s ARPU 2010 2020
Table 36 Vodafone Spain customer churn 2007 2020
Table 37 Decline in Vodafone Spain’s mobile customer retention cost 2007 2020
Table 38 Change in the number of Orange Spain’s mobile subscribers by type 2010 2020
Table 39 Development of Orange Spain’s mobile service revenue 2010 2020
Table 40 Decline in Orange Spain’s ARPU/ARPO by sector (per month) 2012 2020
Table 41 Orange customer churn 2010 2020
Table 42 Growth in the number of Yoigo’s mobile subscribers 2007 2020
Table 43 Másmóvil financial data () 2016 2020
Table 44 Change in the number of MVNO mobile subscribers and market share 2010 2019
Table 45 Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by type 2010 2020
Table 46 Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Table 47 Annual growth of broadband subscriptions by technology 2010 2019
Table 48 Fixed broadband lines by data rate (new style, Mb/s) 2016 2019
Table 49 Broadband lines by major operator 2010 2019
Table 50 Broadband lines by minor operator 2010 2019
Table 51 Share of broadband lines by operator 2009 2019
Table 52 Development of fixed broadband penetration by technology 2010 2019
Table 53 Change in fixed internet market revenue 2010 2019
Table 54 Development of fixed broadband revenue by platform 2010 2019
Table 55 Cable broadband subscribers by operator (regulator data) 2007 2020
Table 56 Growth in the number of Euskaltel’s broadband subscribers 2007 2019
Table 57 Development of Euskaltel’s network reach 2018 2019
Table 58 DSL subscribers by major operator (regulator data) 2009 2020
Table 59 Decline in the number of DSL subscribers 2009 2020
Table 60 Change in the number of Movistar’s fixed broadband subscribers 2010 2020
Table 61 Change in the number of Movistar’s wholesale broadband accesses by sector 2010 2020
Table 62 Growth in the number of FttP subscribers, consumers and business 2008 2019
Table 63 Growth in the number of FttP lines by operator 2009 2020
Table 64 Change in the number of Movistar’s retail and wholesale fibre broadband subscribers 2012 2020
Table 65 Growth in the number of Vodafone Spain’s broadband subscribers 2012 2020
Table 66 Change in the number of Orange Spain’s broadband subscribers by type 2012 2020
Table 67 Development of Orange Spain’s broadband ARPU/ARPO 2012 2020
Table 68 Growth in the number of Orange Spain’s connectable fibre premises 2016 2020
Chart SEQ Chart 70 Growth in the number of Orange Spain’s connectable fibre premises 2016 2020
Table 69 Growth in the number of Másmóvil’s fixed broadband subscribers 2016 2020
Table 70 Growth in the number of Másmóvil’s accessible premises 2016 2020
Table 71 Change in the number of Wi-Fi/WiMAX/LMDS subscribers 2007 2019
Table 72 Fixed-line subscribers, by major operator 2009 2019
Table 73 Fixed-line subscribers by minor operator 2009 2019
Table 74 Fixed-line (direct line) subscriber market share by major operator 2010 2019
Table 75 Decline in fixed-line revenue 2010 2019
Table 76 Development of Telefónica Group’s financial data 2010 2020
Table 77 Decline in Telefónica de España EBITDA 2007 2020
Table 78 Development of Telefónica Spain’s consumer and business wireline line revenue 2015 2019
Table 79 Change in the number of Telefónica Spain’s retail telephony and broadband access lines 2010 2020
Table 80 Change in the number of Telefónica Spain’s retail and wholesale access lines 2010 2020
Table 81 Change in the number of Orange Spain’s subscribers by sector 2010 2020
Table 82 Development of Orange Spain’s financial data 2010 2020
Table 83 Vodafone service revenue by type 2017 2020
Table 84 Decline in fixed line traffic 2010 2019
Table 85 Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and penetration 2010 2025
Table 86 Growth in the number of NGN installed lines by access type 2009 2019
Table 87 Growth in the number of NGN lines in service by access type 2012 2019
Table 88 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999 2009
Table 89 Historic - Mobile retail market revenue and annual change 2000 2009
Table 90 Historic - Mobile retail market revenue and annual change 2000 2009
Table 91 Historic - Mobile market revenue by sector 2006 2009
Table 92 Historic - M2M lines 2004 2009
Table 93 Historic - Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract 2006 2009
Table 94 Historic - Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors 2000 2009
Table 95 Historic - Annual mobile number portings 2002 2009
Table 96 Historic - Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes 2000 2009
Table 97 Historic - Mobile subscribers by technology platform 2002 2014
Table 98 Historic - Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators 2001 2009
Table 99 Historic - Mobile subscriber market share by operator 2004 2009
Table 100 Historic - Base stations in service, by technology 2001 2015
Table 101 Historic - Cost of mobile broadband services 2012 2016
Table 102 Historic - Mobile interconnection revenue 2003 2014
Table 103 Historic - Mobile termination rates by operator 2007 2013
Table 104 Historic - MVNO mobile subscribers and market share 2006 2009
Table 105 Historic - Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors 2000 2009
Table 106 Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators 2001 2016
Table 107 Mobile price index 2009 2016
Table 108 Historic - Mobile broadband revenue and annual change 2003 2009
Table 109 Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers 2005 2013
Table 110 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1996 2015
Table 111 Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2001 2009
Table 112 Historic - Broadband penetration by technology 2004 2009
Table 113 Fixed broadband lines by data rate (old style) 2004 2016
Table 114 Historic - DSL and cable broadband subscribers 2001 2009
Table 115 Historic - Broadband revenue by platform 2003 2009
Table 116 Historic - FttX lines installed 2009 2014
Table 117 Historic - Broadband traffic 2011 2015
Table 118 Historic - Satellite broadband subscribers 2009 2015
Table 119 Historic - Movistar ARPU 2005 2015
Table 120 Historic - Internet market revenue 2006 2009
Table 121 Historic - DSL subscribers by minor operator 2009 2016
Table 122 Historic - Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale 2000 2009
Table 123 Change in the number of fixed number portings 2007 2009
Table 124 Historic - Telecom revenue annual change 2000 2009
Table 125 Historic - Telecom retail revenue by sector 2005 2009
Table 126 Historic - Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector 2002 2009
Table 127 Historic - Fixed-line traffic 2000 2009
Table 128 Historic - Subscribers by type of access 2006 2009
Table 129 Historic - Fixed-line revenue 2006 2009
Table 130 Historic - Fixed lines in service and penetration 2003 2009
Table 131 Historic - Movistar mobile financial data 2006 2015
Table 132 Historic - Movistar fibre (Fusión) broadband subscribers 2012 2018
Table 133 Change in the number of Movistar’s wholesale broadband accesses by sector 2005 2009
Table 134 Historic - Movistar’s fixed internet subscribers 2006 2009
Table 135 Historic - Másmóvil broadband subscriber share by platform 2016 2018
Table 136 Historic - Movistar mobile subscribers 2005 2009
Table 137 Historic - Telefónica Group financial data 2006 2009
Table 138 Historic - Telefónica de España access lines by service 2005 2009
Table 139 Historic Vodafone revenue by type (old style) 2007 2013
Table 140 Vodafone ARPU 2006 2009
Table 141 Historic - Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid 2006 2009
Table 142 Historic - Vodafone mobile voice traffic statistics 2006 2016
Table 143 Historic - Orange ARPU by sector (annual rolling) 2005 2014
Table 144 Historic - Orange Spain subscribers by sector 2005 2009
Table 145 Historic - Orange Spain customer churn 2007 2009
Table 146 Historic - Orange mobile customer acquisition costs 2007 2016
Table 147 Historic - Development of Orange Spain’s financial data 2007 2009
Table 148 Historic - Orange mobile service revenue 2006 2009
Table 149 Historic - Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract 2005 2009
Table 150 Historic - Yoigo financial data 2008 2016
Table 151 Historic - Yoigo mobile service revenue 2012 2016
Table 152 Historic - Fixed-line price index (old style) 2004 2011
Table 153 Historic - Fixed-line price index (new style) 2010 2016
Table 154 Historic - Telefónica de España revenue by type (old style) 2007 2015
Table 155 Historic - Telefónica de España fixed-line revenue by sector (historic) 2005 2011
Table 156 Historic - Telefónica de España wireline line revenue by type 2011 2015
Table 157 Historic - Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, old style) 2005 2014
Table 158 Historic - Jazztel financial data (historic) 2008 2015
Table 159 Historic - Jazztel revenue by sector (historic, new style) 2012 - 2015
Table 160 Historic - Jazztel broadband and mobile subscribers 2008 2015
Table 161 Historic - Vodafone financial data (old style) 2008 2012
Table 162 Historic - Vodafone revenue by type (£, new style) 2013 2017

List of Charts
Chart 1 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Leaders (top tier)
Chart 2 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Challengers (middle tier)
Chart 3 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Emergents (bottom tier)
Chart 4 Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 5 Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 6 Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 7 Northern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 8 Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 9 Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 10 Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 11 Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 12 Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 13 Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 14 Development of telecom revenue, retail and wholesale 2010 2019
Chart 15 Total telecom retail revenue and annual change 2010 2019
Chart 16 Development of telecom retail revenue by sector 2010 2019
Chart 17 Development of telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector 2010 2019
Chart 18 Decline in fixed interconnection revenue 2010 2019
Chart 19 Change in the number of subscribers by type of access 2010 2019
Chart 20 Change in the number of fixed number portings 2007 2019
Chart 21 Decline in the number of Carrier PreSelection lines 2006 2017
Chart 22 Change in the number of annual mobile numbers ported 2010 2019
Chart 23 Decline in mobile retail market revenue, annual change 2010 2019
Chart 24 Development of mobile market revenue by sector 2010 2019
Chart 25 Decline in mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors 2010 2019
Chart 26 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 2025
Chart 27 Change in the number of prepaid and contract mobile subscribers: 2006 2019
Chart 28 Subscriber market share by operator 2010 2019
Chart 29 Change in prepaid and contract mobile voice traffic 2009 2018
Chart 30 Change in messaging revenue by type 2005 2018
Chart 31 Change in messaging traffic by type 2005 2018
Chart 32 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers by operator 2010 2019
Chart 33 Growth in the number of mobile broadband lines by type (voice and data) 2011 2019
Chart 34 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Chart 35 Growth in mobile broadband traffic 2012 2019
Chart 36 Growth in mobile broadband revenue and annual change 2010 2019
Chart 37 Growth in Movistar’s LTE subscriber base and penetration 2014 2019
Chart 38 Growth in the number of M2M lines 2004 2019
Chart 39 Change in the number of Movistar’s mobile subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 40 Vodafone revenue by type 2013 2020
Chart 41 Vodafone Spain’s quarterly mobile service revenue 2016 2020
Chart 42 Change in the number of Vodafone Spain’s mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid 2006 2020
Chart 43 Growth in Vodafone Spain’s mobile data traffic 2013 2020
Chart 44 Decline in Vodafone Spain’s mobile ARPU 2010 2020
Chart 45 Vodafone Spain customer churn 2007 2020
Chart 46 Decline in Vodafone Spain’s mobile customer retention cost 2007 2020
Chart 47 Change in the number of Orange Spain’s mobile subscribers by type 2010 2020
Chart 48 Development of Orange Spain’s mobile service revenue 2010 2020
Chart 49 Decline in Orange Spain’s ARPU/ARPO by sector (per month) 2012 2020
Chart 50 Orange customer churn 2007 2020
Chart 51 Growth in the number of Yoigo’ mobile subscribers 2007 2020
Chart 52 Growth in Másmóvil revenue 2016 2020
Chart 53 Change in the number of MVNO mobile subscribers and market share 2009 2019
Chart 54 Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by type 2010 2020
Chart 55 Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 2025
Chart 56 Fixed broadband lines by data rate (Mb/s) 2016 2019
Chart 57 Broadband subscriptions by major operator 2016 2019
Chart 58 Share of broadband lines by operator 2009 2019
Chart 59 Development of fixed broadband penetration by technology 2010 2019
Chart 60 Change in fixed internet market revenue 2006 2019
Chart 61 Development of fixed broadband revenue by platform 2009 2019
Chart 62 Development of fixed broadband revenue by platform 2009 2020
Chart 63 Change in the number of Movistar’s fixed broadband subscribers 2010 2020
Chart 64 Growth in the number of FttP subscribers, consumers and business 2010 2019
Chart 65 Growth in the number of FttP lines by operator 2009 2020
Chart 66 Change in the number of Movistar’s retail and wholesale broadband subscribers 2012 2020
Chart 67 Growth in the number of Vodafone Spain broadband subscribers 2012 2020
Chart 68 Change in the number of Orange Spain’s broadband subscribers by type 2012 2020
Chart 69 Development of Orange Spain’s broadband ARPU/ARPO 2012 2020
Chart 71 Growth in the number of Másmóvil’s fixed broadband subscribers 2016 2020
Chart 72 Growth in the number of Másmóvil’s accessible premises 2016 2020
Chart 73 Change in the number of Wi-Fi/WiMAX/LMDS subscribers 2007 2019
Chart 74 Decline in fixed line revenue 2010 2019
Chart 75 Development of Telefónica Group’s financial data 2010 2020
Chart 76 Decline in Telefónica de España EBITDA 2007 2020
Chart 77 Development of Telefónica Spain’s consumer and business wireline line revenue 2015 2019
Chart 78 Change in the number of Telefónica Spain’s retail telephony and broadband access lines 2009 2020
Chart 79 Change in the number of Telefónica Spain’s retail and wholesale access lines 2009 2020
Chart 80 Change in the number of Orange Spain’s subscribers by sector 2009 2020
Chart 81 Development of Orange Spain’s financial data 2010 2019
Chart 82 Change in Vodafone Spain’s revenue by segment 2017 2020
Chart 83 Decline in fixed line traffic 2010 2019
Chart 84 Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and penetration 2010 2025
Chart 85 Growth in the number of NGN installed lines by access type 2010 2019

List of Exhibits
Exhibit 1 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 Access and the local loop
Exhibit 3 3G licence results in Spain March 2000
Exhibit 4 Overview of spectrum allocations 2011
Exhibit 5 3.6GHz auction results July 2018
Exhibit 6 Overview of MVNOs
Exhibit 7 Narrowband and broadband wireless licensees 2000
Exhibit 8 2Africa submarine cable
Exhibit 9 2Africa landing stations