I. METHODOLOGY

II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. MARKET OVERVIEW
Influencer Market Insights
Impact of Covid-19 and a Looming Global Recession

2. FOCUS ON SELECT PLAYERS

3. MARKET TRENDS & DRIVERS

4. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE
Table 1: World Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle by
Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe,
Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis
of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2020 through 2027
and % CAGR

Table 2: World Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Geographic
Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and
Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in
Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 3: World 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of
World Markets for Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 4: World Current & Future Analysis for Plug-in Hybrid EV
(PHEVs) by Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China,
Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent
Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2020
through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 5: World Historic Review for Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs) by
Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe,
Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis
of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019
and % CAGR

Table 6: World 15-Year Perspective for Plug-in Hybrid EV
(PHEVs) by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value
Sales for USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and
Rest of World for Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 7: World Current & Future Analysis for Mild Hybrid by
Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe,
Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis
of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2020 through 2027
and % CAGR

Table 8: World Historic Review for Mild Hybrid by Geographic
Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and
Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in
Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 9: World 15-Year Perspective for Mild Hybrid by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of
World for Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 10: World Current & Future Analysis for Full Hybrid
Vehicle by Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China,
Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent
Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2020
through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 11: World Historic Review for Full Hybrid Vehicle by
Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe,
Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis
of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019
and % CAGR

Table 12: World 15-Year Perspective for Full Hybrid Vehicle by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of
World for Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 13: World Current & Future Analysis for Passenger Car by
Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe,
Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis
of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2020 through 2027
and % CAGR

Table 14: World Historic Review for Passenger Car by Geographic
Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and
Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in
Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 15: World 15-Year Perspective for Passenger Car by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of
World for Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 16: World Current & Future Analysis for Commercial
Vehicle by Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China,
Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent
Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2020
through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 17: World Historic Review for Commercial Vehicle by
Geographic Region - USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe,
Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets - Independent Analysis
of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019
and % CAGR

Table 18: World 15-Year Perspective for Commercial Vehicle by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of
World for Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

III. MARKET ANALYSIS

UNITED STATES
Table 19: USA Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027 and %
CAGR

Table 20: USA Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Degree of
Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full
Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Sales
in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 21: USA 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by Degree
of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle
for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 22: USA Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the
Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 23: USA Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Vehicle
Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 24: USA 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by Vehicle
Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for Passenger Car
and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

CANADA
Table 25: Canada Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle
by Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027 and %
CAGR

Table 26: Canada Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Degree
of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and
Full Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 27: Canada 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales
for Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid
Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 28: Canada Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle
by Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the
Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 29: Canada Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Vehicle
Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 30: Canada 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 &
2027

JAPAN
Table 31: Japan Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027 and %
CAGR

Table 32: Japan Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Degree of
Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full
Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Sales
in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 33: Japan 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales
for Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid
Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 34: Japan Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the
Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 35: Japan Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Vehicle
Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 36: Japan 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 &
2027

CHINA
Table 37: China Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027 and %
CAGR

Table 38: China Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Degree of
Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full
Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Sales
in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 39: China 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales
for Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid
Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 40: China Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the
Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 41: China Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Vehicle
Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 42: China 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 &
2027

EUROPE
Table 43: Europe Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle
by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK and Rest of
Europe Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in
Thousand Units for Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 44: Europe Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by
Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK and Rest of
Europe Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in
Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 45: Europe 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
France, Germany, Italy, UK and Rest of Europe Markets for Years
2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 46: Europe Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle
by Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027 and %
CAGR

Table 47: Europe Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Degree
of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and
Full Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 48: Europe 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales
for Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid
Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 49: Europe Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle
by Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the
Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 50: Europe Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Vehicle
Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 51: Europe 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 &
2027

FRANCE
Table 52: France Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle
by Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027 and %
CAGR

Table 53: France Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Degree
of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and
Full Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 54: France 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales
for Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid
Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 55: France Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle
by Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the
Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 56: France Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Vehicle
Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 57: France 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 &
2027

GERMANY
Table 58: Germany Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle
by Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027 and %
CAGR

Table 59: Germany Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Degree
of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and
Full Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 60: Germany 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales
for Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid
Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 61: Germany Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle
by Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the
Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 62: Germany Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Vehicle
Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 63: Germany 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 &
2027

ITALY
Table 64: Italy Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027 and %
CAGR

Table 65: Italy Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Degree of
Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full
Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Sales
in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 66: Italy 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales
for Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid
Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 67: Italy Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the
Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 68: Italy Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Vehicle
Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 69: Italy 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 &
2027

UNITED KINGDOM
Table 70: UK Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of Annual
Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027 and %
CAGR

Table 71: UK Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Degree of
Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full
Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis of Annual Sales
in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 72: UK 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by Degree
of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle
for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 73: UK Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the
Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 74: UK Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by Vehicle Type -
Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets - Independent
Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2012
through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 75: UK 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle by Vehicle
Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for Passenger Car
and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

REST OF EUROPE
Table 76: Rest of Europe Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid
Vehicle by Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs),
Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of
Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027
and % CAGR

Table 77: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis
of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019
and % CAGR

Table 78: Rest of Europe 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle
by Degree of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value
Sales for Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full
Hybrid Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 79: Rest of Europe Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid
Vehicle by Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 80: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 81: Rest of Europe 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle
by Vehicle Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 &
2027

ASIA-PACIFIC
Table 82: Asia-Pacific Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid
Vehicle by Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs),
Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of
Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027
and % CAGR

Table 83: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis
of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019
and % CAGR

Table 84: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle
by Degree of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value
Sales for Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full
Hybrid Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 85: Asia-Pacific Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid
Vehicle by Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 86: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 87: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle
by Vehicle Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 &
2027

REST OF WORLD
Table 88: Rest of World Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid
Vehicle by Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs),
Mild Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle - Independent Analysis of
Annual Sales in Thousand Units for the Years 2020 through 2027
and % CAGR

Table 89: Rest of World Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by
Degree of Hybridization - Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild
Hybrid and Full Hybrid Vehicle Markets - Independent Analysis
of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for Years 2012 through 2019
and % CAGR

Table 90: Rest of World 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle
by Degree of Hybridization - Percentage Breakdown of Value
Sales for Plug-in Hybrid EV (PHEVs), Mild Hybrid and Full
Hybrid Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 & 2027

Table 91: Rest of World Current & Future Analysis for Hybrid
Vehicle by Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
the Years 2020 through 2027 and % CAGR

Table 92: Rest of World Historic Review for Hybrid Vehicle by
Vehicle Type - Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle Markets -
Independent Analysis of Annual Sales in Thousand Units for
Years 2012 through 2019 and % CAGR

Table 93: Rest of World 15-Year Perspective for Hybrid Vehicle
by Vehicle Type - Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for
Passenger Car and Commercial Vehicle for the Years 2012, 2020 &
2027

IV. COMPETITION
Total Companies Profiled: 42