1 Research Methodology

2 Research Objectives

3 Research Process

4 Scope & Coverage
4.1 Market Definition
4.2 Base Year
4.3 Scope of The Study
4.4 Market Segments
4.4.1 Market Segmentation by Infrastructure
4.4.2 Market Segmentation by It Infrastructure
4.4.3 Market Segmentation by Electrical Infrastructure
4.4.4 Market Segmentation by Mechanical Infrastructure
4.4.5 Market Segmentation by Cooling Systems
4.4.6 Market Segmentation by General Construction
4.4.7 Market Segmentation by Tier Standards
4.4.8 Market Segmentation by Geography

5 Report Assumptions & Caveats
5.1 Key Caveats
5.2 Currency Conversion
5.3 Market Derivation

6 Market at a Glance

7 Introduction
7.1 Impact of Covid-19 On Data Center Industry
7.1.1 Construction Perspective
7.1.2 Infrastructure Production & Procurement
7.1.3 Data Center Operations
7.2 Impact of Covid-19 On Data Center Market In Africa
7.3 Internet & Data Growth
7.4 Data Center Site Selection Criteria
7.4.1 Key

8 Market Opportunities & Trends
8.1 Availability of Renewable Energy Fuels Procurement Growth
8.2 Smart City Initiatives Fuel Data Center/Edge Deployments
8.3 Government Support to Boost Digital Economy
8.4 Increase in Adoption of All-Flash Storage Solutions
8.5 Faster Penetration of Converged and Hyperconverged Infrastructure Solution

9 Market Growth Enablers
9.1 Cloud Adoption Fueling Data Center Investments
9.2 Big Data & IoT Spending Fuel Data Center Growth
9.3 Migration from On-Premise Infrastructure to Colocation & Managed Services
9.4 Increased Investments in Fiber Connectivity
9.5 Data Traffic to Boost Data Center Development

10 Market Growth Restraints
10.1 Location Constraints for Data Center Construction
10.2 Lack of Skilled Workforce
10.3 Budget Constraints & Meager Investment Support

11 Market Landscape
11.1 Market Overview
11.2 Market Size & Forecast
11.3 Five Forces Analysis
11.3.1 Threat of New Entrants
11.3.2 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
11.3.3 Bargaining Power of Buyers
11.3.4 Threat of Substitutes
11.3.5 Competitive Rivalry

12 Africa Data Center Market by Infrastructure
12.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
12.2 Market Overview
12.3 IT Infrastructure
12.3.1 Market Overview
12.3.2 Market Size & Forecast
12.4 Electrical Infrastructure
12.4.1 Market Overview
12.4.2 Market Size & Forecast
12.5 Mechanical Infrastructure
12.5.1 Market Overview
12.5.2 Market Size & Forecast
12.6 General Construction
12.6.1 Market Overview
12.6.2 Market Size & Forecast

13 Africa Data Center Market by IT Infrastructure
13.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
13.2 Server Infrastructure
13.2.1 Market Overview
13.2.2 Market Size & Forecast
13.3 Storage InfrastruCture
13.3.1 Market Overview
13.3.2 Market Size & Forecast
13.4 Network Infrastructure
13.4.1 Market Overview
13.4.2 Market Size & Forecast

14 Africa Data Center Market by Electrical Infrastructure
14.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
14.2 UPS Systems
14.2.1 Market Overview
14.2.2 Market Size & Forecast
14.3 Generators
14.3.1 Market Overview
14.3.2 Market Size & Forecast
14.4 Transfer Switches & Switchgear
14.4.1 Market Overview
14.4.2 Market Size & Forecast
14.5 Power Distribution Units
14.5.1 Market Overview
14.5.2 Market Size & Forecast
14.6 Other Electrical Infrastructure
14.6.1 Market Overview
14.6.2 Market Size & Forecast

15 Africa Data Center Market by Mechanical Infrastructure
15.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
15.2 Cooling Systems
15.2.1 Market Overview
15.2.2 Market Size & Forecast
15.3 Racks
15.3.1 Market Overview
15.3.2 Market Size & Forecast
15.4 Other Mechanical Infrastructure
15.4.1 Market Overview
15.4.2 Market Size & Forecast

16 Africa Data Center Market by Cooling Systems
16.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
16.2 CRAC & CRAH UNITS
16.2.1 Market Overview
16.2.2 Market Size & Forecast
16.3 Chiller Units
16.3.1 Market Overview
16.3.2 Market Size & Forecast
16.4 Cooling Towers, Condensers & Dry Coolers
16.4.1 Market Overview
16.4.2 Market Size & Forecast
16.5 Other Cooling Units
16.5.1 Market Overview
16.5.2 Market Size & Forecast

17 Africa Data Center Market by Cooling Techniques
17.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
17.2 Air-Based Cooling Techniques
17.2.1 Market Overview
17.2.2 Market Size & Forecast
17.3 Liquid-Based Cooling Techniques
17.3.1 Market Overview
17.3.2 Market Size & Forecast

18 Africa Data Center Market by General Construction
18.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
18.2 Building Development
18.2.1 Market Overview
18.2.2 Market Size & Forecast
18.3 Installation & Commissioning Services
18.3.1 Market Overview
18.3.2 Market Size & Forecast
18.4 Building Design
18.4.1 Market Overview
18.4.2 Market Size & Forecast
18.5 Physical Security
18.5.1 Market Overview
18.5.2 Market Size & Forecast
18.6 DCIM/BMS
18.6.1 Market Overview
18.6.2 Market Size & Forecast

19 Africa Data Center Market by Tier Standards
19.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
19.2 Overview Of Tier Standards
19.3 TIER I & II
19.3.1 Market Overview
19.3.2 Market Size & Forecast
19.4 TIER III
19.4.1 Market Overview
19.4.2 Market Size & Forecast
19.5 TIER IV
19.5.1 Market Overview
19.5.2 Market Size & Forecast

20 Africa Data Center Market by Geography
20.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
20.2 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
20.3 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
20.4 South Africa
20.4.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
20.4.2 Market Overview
20.4.3 Investment: Market Size & Forecast
20.4.4 Area: Market Size & Forecast
20.4.5 Power Capacity: Market Size & Forecast
20.4.6 Market by Infrastructure
20.5 MOROCCO
20.5.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
20.5.2 Market Overview
20.5.3 Investment: Market Size & Forecast
20.5.4 Area: Market Size & Forecast
20.5.5 Power Capacity: Market Size & Forecast
20.5.6 Market By Infrastructure
20.6 Egypt
20.6.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
20.6.2 Market Overview
20.6.3 Investment: Market Size & Forecast
20.6.4 Area: Market Size & Forecast
20.6.5 Power Capacity: Market Size & Forecast
20.6.6 Market By Infrastructure
20.7 Kenya
20.7.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
20.7.2 Market Overview
20.7.3 Investment: Market Size & Forecast
20.7.4 Area: Market Size & Forecast
20.7.5 Power Capacity: Market Size And Forecast
20.7.6 Market By Infrastructure
20.8 Nigeria
20.8.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
20.8.2 Market Overview
20.8.3 Investment: Market Size & Forecast
20.8.4 Area: Market Size & Forecast
20.8.5 Power Capacity: Market Size And Forecast
20.8.6 Market By Infrastructure
20.9 Other African Countries
20.9.1 Market Snapshot & Growth Engine
20.9.2 Market Overview
20.9.3 Investment: Market Size & Forecast
20.9.4 Area: Market Size & Forecast
20.9.5 Power Capacity: Market Size & Forecast
20.9.6 Market By Infrastructure

21 Competitive Landscape
21.1 IT Infrastructure
21.2 Electrical Infrastructure
21.3 Mechanical Infrastructure
21.4 General Construction

22 Prominent Data Center IT Infrastructure Vendors
22.1 Arista
22.1.1 Business Overview
22.1.2 Product Offerings
22.2 Broadcom
22.2.1 Business Overview
22.2.2 Product Offerings
22.3 Cisco
22.3.1 Business Overview
22.3.2 Product Offerings
22.4 Dell Technologies
22.4.1 Business Overview
22.4.2 Product Offerings
22.5 Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE)
22.5.1 Business Overview
22.5.2 Product Offerings
22.6 HUAWEI
22.6.1 Business Overview
22.6.2 Product Offerings
22.7 IBM
22.7.1 Business Overview
22.7.2 Product Offerings
22.8 JUNIPER
22.8.1 Business Overview
22.8.2 Product Offerings
22.9 Lenovo
22.9.1 Business Overview
22.9.2 Product Offerings
22.10 NETAPP
22.10.1 Business Overview
22.10.2 Product Offerings

23 Prominent Data Center Support Infrastructure Providers
23.1 ABB
23.1.1 Business Overview
23.1.2 Product Offerings
23.1.3 Key News
23.2 Caterpillar
23.2.1 Business Overview
23.2.2 Product Offerings
23.3 Cummins
23.3.1 Business Overview
23.3.2 Product Offerings
23.3.3 Key News
23.4 Eaton
23.4.1 Business Overview
23.4.2 Product Offerings
23.4.3 Key News
23.5 Shenzhen Envicool Technology
23.5.1 Overview
23.5.2 Product Offerings
23.6 Legrand
23.6.1 Business Overview
23.6.2 Product Offerings
23.7 MTU Onsite Energy (Rolls-Royce Power Systems Ag)
23.7.1 Business Overview
23.7.2 Product Offerings
23.8 Schneider Electric
23.8.1 Business Overview
23.8.2 Product Offerings
23.8.3 Key News
23.9 Stulz
23.9.1 Business Overview
23.9.2 Product Offerings
23.10 Shenzhen Envicool Technology
23.10.1 Business Overview
23.10.2 Product Offerings
23.11 Rittal
23.11.1 Business Overview
23.11.2 Product Offerings
23.12 Vertiv
23.12.1 Business Overview
23.12.2 Product Offerings
23.12.3 Key News

24 Prominent Construction Contractors
24.1 Atkins
24.1.1 Business Overview
24.1.2 Service Offerings
24.2 Aveng Grinaker
24.2.1 Business Overview
24.2.2 Service Offerings
24.3 Concor
24.3.1 Business Overview
24.3.2 Service Offerings
24.4 Edarat Group
24.4.1 Business Overview
24.4.2 Service Offerings
24.5 Etix Everywhere (Vantage Data Center)
24.5.1 Business Overview
24.5.2 Service Offerings
24.6 Future-Tech
24.6.1 Business Overview
24.6.2 Service Offerings
24.7 Huawei
24.7.1 Business Overview
24.7.2 Service Offerings
24.8 ISG
24.8.1 Business Overview
24.8.2 Service Offerings

25 Prominent Data Center Investors
25.1 Africa Data Centres (Liquid Telecom)
25.1.1 Business Overview
25.1.2 Service Offerings
25.2 Amazon Web Services (Aws)
25.2.1 Business Overview
25.2.2 Service Offerings
25.3 ICOLO.IO
25.3.1 Business Overview
25.3.2 Service Offerings
25.4 Internet Technologies Angola (ITA)
25.4.1 Business Overview
25.4.2 Service Offerings
25.5 INWI
25.5.1 Business Overview
25.5.2 Service Offerings
25.6 MDXi (MainOne)
25.6.1 Business Overview
25.6.2 Service Offerings
25.7 N+ ONE
25.7.1 Business Overview
25.7.2 Service Offerings
25.8 Orange
25.8.1 Business Overview
25.8.2 Service Offerings
25.9 Raxio Data Center
25.9.1 Business Overview
25.9.2 Service Offerings
25.10 Raya Data Center
25.10.1 Business Overview
25.10.2 Service Offerings
25.11 Teraco Data Environments
25.11.1 Business Overview
25.11.2 Service Offerings

26 Report Summary
26.1 Key Takeaways

27 Quantitative Summary
27.1 Overall Market
27.2 Africa Data Center Market by Infrastructure: Market Size & Forecast
27.3 Africa Data Center Market by IT Infrastructure: Market Size & Forecast
27.4 Africa Data Center Market by Electrical Infrastructure: Market Size & Forecast
27.5 Africa Data Center Market by Mechanical Infrastructure: Market Size & Forecast
27.6 Africa Data Center Market by Cooling Systems: Market Size & Forecast
27.7 Africa Data Center Market by Cooling Technique: Market Sizing & Forecast
27.8 Africa Data Center Market by General Construction: Market Size & Forecast
27.9 Africa Data Center Market by Tier Standards: Market Size & Forecast
27.10 Africa Data Center Market by Geography
27.10.1 Investment by Country
27.10.2 Investment in Area by Country
27.10.3 Investment in Power Capacity by Country
27.11 South Africa
27.11.1 Overall Market
27.11.2 Market By Infrastructure
27.12 Morocco
27.12.1 Overall Market
27.12.2 Market By Infrastructure
27.13 Egypt
27.13.1 Overall Market
27.13.2 Market By Infrastructure
27.14 Kenya
27.14.1 Overall Market
27.14.2 Market By Infrastructure
27.15 Nigeria
27.15.1 Overall Market
27.15.2 Market By Infrastructure
27.16 Other African Countries
27.16.1 Overall Market
27.16.2 Market By Infrastructure

28 Appendix
28.1 Abbreviations

List of Exhibits

List Of Exhibits
Exhibit 1 Segmentation of Africa Data Center Market
Exhibit 2 Market Size Calculation Approach 2019
Exhibit 3 Internet Penetration in Africa 2019
Exhibit 4 Increasing Mobile Connection and Internet Speed (as of January 2020)
Exhibit 5 Impact of Availability of Renewable Energy Fuels Procurement Growth
Exhibit 6 Impact of Smart City Initiatives Fuel Data Center/Edge Deployments
Exhibit 7 Impact of Government Support to Boost Digital Economy
Exhibit 8 Impact of Increase in Adoption of All-flash Storage Solutions
Exhibit 9 ASP of SSD per Gigabyte 2017?2025
Exhibit 10 ASP of HDD per Gigabyte (2017?2025)
Exhibit 11 Impact of Faster Penetration of Converged and Hyperconverged Infrastructure solutions
Exhibit 12 Impact of Cloud Adoption Fueling Data Center Investments
Exhibit 13 Impact of Big Data & IoT Spending Fuel Data Center Growth
Exhibit 14 Impact of Migration from On-Premise Infrastructure to Colocation & Managed Services
Exhibit 15 Impact of Increased Investments in Fiber Connectivity
Exhibit 16 Impact of Data Traffic to Boost Data Center Development
Exhibit 17 Data Traffic Growth Across Internet Exchange Point in Developing African Countries 2019-2020
Exhibit 18 Impact of Location Constraints for Data Center Construction
Exhibit 19 Impact of Lack of Skilled Workforce
Exhibit 20 Impact of Budget Constraints & Meagre Investment Support
Exhibit 21 Africa Data Center Market 2019-2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 22 Africa Data Center Market by Area 2019–2025 (Million Square Feet)
Exhibit 23 Africa Data Center Market by Power Capacity 2019–2025 (MW)
Exhibit 24 Five Forces Analysis 2019
Exhibit 25 Incremental Growth by Infrastructure 2019?2025
Exhibit 26 Africa Data Center Market by Infrastructure
Exhibit 27 Data Center IT Infrastructure Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 28 Electrical Infrastructure Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 29 Mechanical Infrastructure Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 30 General Construction Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 31 Incremental Growth by IT Infrastructure 2019?2025
Exhibit 32 Market by Server Infrastructure 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 33 Market by Storage Infrastructure 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 34 Market by Network Infrastructure 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 35 Incremental Growth by Electrical Infrastructure 2019?2025
Exhibit 36 Africa Data Center Market by UPS Systems 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 37 Market by Generators 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 38 Market by Transfer Switches & Switchgear 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 39 Market by PDUs 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 40 Market by Other Electrical Infrastructure 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 41 Incremental Growth by Mechanical Infrastructure 2019?2025
Exhibit 42 Data Center Cooling Systems Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 43 Data Center Racks Market in Africa 2019–2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 44 Other Mechanical Infrastructure Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 45 Incremental Growth by Cooling Systems 2019?2025
Exhibit 46 Africa Data Center Market by CRAC & CRAH Units 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 47 Chiller Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 48 Market By Cooling Towers 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 49 Market by Other Cooling Units 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 50 Incremental Growth by Cooling Techniques 2019?2025
Exhibit 51 Africa Data Center Market by Air-based Cooling 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 52 Market by Liquid-Based Cooling 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 53 Incremental Growth by General Construction 2019?2025
Exhibit 54 Market by Building Development 2019–2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 55 Africa Data Center Market by Installation & Commissioning 2019–2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 56 Market by Building Design 2019–2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 57 Africa Data Center Market by Physical Security 2019–2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 58 Market by DCIM/BMS 2019–2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 59 Incremental Growth by Tier Standards 2019?2025
Exhibit 60 Overview of Tier Standards
Exhibit 61 Number of Facilities Certified by Uptime Institute in Africa
Exhibit 62 Africa Data Center Market by Tier I & Tier II facilities 2019–2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 63 Africa Data Center Market by Tier III 2019–2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 64 Market by Tier IV 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 65 Incremental Growth in Africa 2019 & 2025
Exhibit 66 Incremental Growth in Africa 2019 & 2025
Exhibit 67 Incremental Growth in Africa 2019 & 2025
Exhibit 68 Snapshot – Data Center Market in South Africa 2019?2025
Exhibit 69 Market in South Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 70 Market in South Africa by Area 2019?2025 (thousand square feet)
Exhibit 71 Market in South Africa by Power Capacity 2019?2025 (MW)
Exhibit 72 Market in South Africa by Infrastructure 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 73 Snapshot – Data Center Market in Morocco 2019?2025
Exhibit 74 Market in Morocco 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 75 Market in Morocco by Area 2019?2025 (Thousand Square Feet)
Exhibit 76 Market in Morocco by Power Capacity 2019?2025 (MW)
Exhibit 77 Market in Morocco by Infrastructure 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 78 Snapshot – Data Center Market in Egypt 2019?2025
Exhibit 79 Market in Egypt 2019–2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 80 Market in Egypt by Area 2019–2025 (thousands of square feet)
Exhibit 81 Market in Egypt by Power Capacity 2019–2025 (MW)
Exhibit 82 Market in Egypt by Infrastructure 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 83 Snapshot – Data Center Market in Kenya 2019?2025
Exhibit 84 Market in Kenya 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 85 Market in Kenya by Area 2019?2025 (Thousand Square Feet)
Exhibit 86 Market in Kenya by Power Capacity 2019?2025 (MW)
Exhibit 87 Market in Kenya by Infrastructure 2019–2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 88 Snapshot – Data Center Market in Nigeria 2019?2025
Exhibit 89 Market in Nigeria 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 90 Market in Nigeria by Area 2019?2025 (Thousand Square Feet)
Exhibit 91 Market in Nigeria by Power Capacity 2019?2025 (MW)
Exhibit 92 Market in Nigeria by Infrastructure 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 93 Snapshot – Data Center Market in Other African Countries 2019?2025
Exhibit 94 Market in Other African Countries 2019?2025 ($ million)
Exhibit 95 Market in Other African Countries by Area 2019?2025 (Thousand Square Feet)
Exhibit 96 Market in Other African Countries by Power Capacity 2019?2025 (MW)
Exhibit 97 Market in Other African Countries by Infrastructure 2019?2025 ($ million)

List Of Tables
Table 1 Key Caveats
Table 2 Currency Conversion 2013?2019
Table 3 COVID-19 Impact on Africa Data Center Market
Table 4 Data Center Site Selection Criteria
Table 5 Arista: Key Product Offerings
Table 6 Broadcom: Key Product Offerings
Table 7 Cisco: Key Product Offerings
Table 8 Dell: Key Product Offerings
Table 9 HPE: Key Product Offerings
Table 10 Huawei: Key Product Offerings
Table 11 IBM: Key Product Offerings
Table 12 Juniper: Key Product Offerings
Table 13 Lenovo: Product Offerings
Table 14 NetApp: Product Offerings
Table 15 ABB: Product Offerings
Table 16 Caterpillar: Product Offerings
Table 17 Cummins: Product Offerings
Table 18 Eaton: Product Offerings
Table 19 Schneider Electric: Product Offerings
Table 20 Stulz: Product Offerings
Table 21 Rittal: Product Offerings
Table 22 Vertiv: Product Offerings
Table 23 Africa Data Center Market 2019?2025
Table 24 Market by Infrastructure 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 25 Data Center IT Infrastructure Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 26 Electrical Infrastructure Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 27 Mechanical Infrastructure Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 28 Cooling Systems Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 29 Market by Cooling Techniques 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 30 General Construction Market in Africa 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 31 Africa Market by Tier Standards 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 32 Africa Market by Investment 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 33 Market by Area 2019?2025 (Thousand Square Feet)
Table 34 Africa Data Center Market by Power Capacity 2019?2025 (MW)
Table 35 Market in South Africa 2019?2025
Table 36 Infrastructure Market in South Africa 2019?2025($ million)
Table 37 Market in Morocco 2019?2025
Table 38 Infrastructure Market in Morocco 2019?2025($ million)
Table 39 Market in Egypt 2019?2025
Table 40 Infrastructure Market in Egypt 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 41 Market in Kenya 2019?2025
Table 42 Infrastructure Market in Kenya 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 43 Market in Nigeria 2019?2025
Table 44 Infrastructure Market in Nigeria 2019?2025 ($ million)
Table 45 Market in Other African Countries 2019?2025
Table 46 Infrastructure Market in Other African Countries 2019?2025 ($ million)

List of Tables



Companies Mentioned

Prominent IT Infrastructure Vendors
Arista
Broadcom
Cisco
Dell Technologies
Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE)
Huawei
IBM
Juniper
Lenovo
NetApp

Prominent Data Center Support Infrastructure Vendors
ABB
Caterpillar
Cummins
Eaton
Shenzhen Envicool Technology
Legrand
MTU On Site Energy
Schneider Electric
STULZ
Rittal
Vertiv

Prominent Construction Contractors
Atkins
Aveng Grinaker
Concor
Edarat Group
Etix Everywhere
Future-tech
Huawei
ISG

Prominent Data Center Investors
Africa Data Centres (Liquid Telecom)
Amazon Web Services (AWS)
Icolo.io
Internet Technologies Angola (ITA)
Inwi
MDXi (MainOne)
N+ONE
Orange
Raxio Data Center
Rayan Data Center
Teraco Data Environments