1 INTRODUCTION 19
1.1 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 19
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 19
1.2.1 INCLUSIONS & EXCLUSIONS 20
1.3 MARKET SCOPE 20
1.3.1 YEARS CONSIDERED FOR THE STUDY 21
1.4 PACKAGE SIZE 22
1.5 LIMITATIONS 22
1.6 STAKEHOLDERS 22

2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 23
2.1 RESEARCH DATA 23
2.2 SECONDARY DATA 24
2.2.1 KEY SECONDARY SOURCES FOR THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS & AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 24
2.2.2 KEY DATA FROM SECONDARY SOURCES 25
2.3 PRIMARY DATA 25
2.3.1 SAMPLING TECHNIQUES & DATA COLLECTION METHODS 26
2.3.2 PRIMARY PARTICIPANTS 27
2.4 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 27
2.4.1 BOTTOM-UP APPROACH: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 28
2.4.2 TOP-DOWN APPROACH: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 28
2.4.3 BOTTOM-UP APPROACH: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 29
2.4.4 TOP-DOWN APPROACH: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 29
2.5 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN & METHODOLOGY 30
2.6 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ILLUSTRATION OF COMPANY-BASED REVENUE ESTIMATION 31
2.7 MARKET BREAKDOWN AND DATA TRIANGULATION 32
2.8 ASSUMPTIONS & ASSOCIATED RISKS 33

3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 35

4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 41
4.1 ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES IN THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 41
4.2 ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES IN THE AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 42
4.3 ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES IN THE AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 42
4.4 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET GROWTH RATE, BY REGION 43
4.5 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY PROPULSION TYPE 43
4.6 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY PROPULSION TYPE- 44
4.7 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY APPLICATION 44
4.8 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY ADAS FEATURE 45
4.9 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION 45
4.10 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION 46
4.11 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY SENSOR TYPE, BY VOLUME 46
4.12 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY SENSOR TYPE, BY VALUE 47
4.13 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY SENSOR TYPE, BY VOLUME 47
4.14 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY SENSOR TYPE, BY VALUE 48

5 MARKET OVERVIEW 49
5.1 INTRODUCTION 49
5.2 MARKET DYNAMICS 50
5.2.1 DRIVERS 51
5.2.1.1 Increasing emphasis on better road safety and traffic control 51
5.2.1.2 Economic effect of semi-autonomous and autonomous buses on the transport industry 51
5.2.2 RESTRAINTS 51
5.2.2.1 Cybersecurity and data security concerns 51
5.2.2.2 High cost of development 52
5.2.2.3 Lack of information technology and communication infrastructure in developing nations 52
5.2.3 OPPORTUNITIES 53
5.2.3.1 Increasing demand for 5G technology for vehicle connectivity 53
5.2.3.2 Demand for fuel-efficient and emission-free buses 53
5.2.4 CHALLENGES 53
5.2.4.1 Tapping the untapped market 53
5.2.4.2 Legal and regulatory framework issues 54
5.3 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, SCENARIOS (2024–2030) 54
5.3.1 MOST LIKELY SCENARIO 54
5.3.2 OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO 55
5.3.3 PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO 55

6 INDUSTRY TRENDS 56
6.1 INTRODUCTION 56
6.2 AUTONOMOUS SHUTTLE 56
6.3 PORTER’S FIVE FORCES MODEL ANALYSIS 57
6.4 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS 58
6.4.1 PLANNING AND REVISING FUNDS 58
6.4.2 AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENT SUPPLIERS 58
6.4.3 AV SOFTWARE AND SENSOR SUPPLIERS 58
6.4.4 OEMS 59
6.5 ECOSYSTEM OF AUTONOMOUS DRIVING 59
6.6 PATENT ANALYSIS 60
6.6.1 INTRODUCTION 60
6.6.2 PATENTS FILED 60
6.6.2.1 COUNTRY-WISE PATENT ANALYSIS 61
6.6.2.2 OEM-WISE PATENT ANALYSIS & DETAILS 62
6.6.3 CASE STUDY ANALYSIS 62
6.6.3.1 Case study on European automated bus/shuttle pilot projects 62
6.6.4 LIST OF ONGOING AUTONOMOUS SHUTTLE PILOT PROJECTS IN THE EUROPEAN REGION 63
6.6.4.1 Case study on Mcity Driverless Shuttle project 63

7 GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS & GUIDELINES FOR TESTING 64
7.1 REGIONAL AND COUNTRY-LEVEL REGULATIONS/GUIDELINES RELATED TO THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS & AUTONOMOUS BUSES MARKET: 64
7.2 REGULATIONS RELATED TO AUTONOMOUS SHUTTLES AND BUSES 65
7.3 IMPACT OF CURRENT AND FUTURE REGULATIONS ON THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 65

8 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET,
BY PROPULSION TYPE 67
8.1 INTRODUCTION 68
8.2 OPERATIONAL DATA 70
8.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS 70
8.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 70
8.3 DIESEL 71
8.3.1 DOMINANCE OF DIESEL BUSES IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT FLEETS ACROSS THE WORLD TO HELP NORTH AMERICA LEAD THE MARKET 71
8.4 ELECTRIC 72
8.4.1 ELECTRIC BUS OEMS OFFERING ADVANCED FEATURES, ESPECIALLY IN NORTH AMERICA AND EUROPE 72
8.4.2 PRESENCE OF TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS IN THE REGION TO HELP NORTH AMERICA LEAD THE SEGMENT 72
8.5 HYBRID 73
8.5.1 NORTH AMERICA IS PROJECTED TO DOMINATE THE HYBRID SEGMENT 73
8.5.2 INCREASING DEMAND FOR MORE EFFICIENT BUSSES WILL DOMINATE THE HYBRID SEGMENT 73
8.6 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 74

9 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY APPLICATION 75
9.1 INTRODUCTION 76
9.2 OPERATIONAL DATA 77
9.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS 77
9.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 77
9.3 SHUTTLE 78
9.3.1 DOMINATION OF EUROPEAN COMPANIES TO HELP THE REGION LEAD THE MARKET, AT LEAST INITIALLY 78
9.4 INTERCITY/INTRACITY 78
9.4.1 BUSES EQUIPPED WITH ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES DRIVING THE MARKET 79
9.5 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 79

10 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY ADAS FEATURE 80
10.1 INTRODUCTION 81
10.2 OPERATIONAL DATA 83
10.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS 83
10.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 83
10.3 ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL (ACC) 84
10.3.1 REDUCTION IN FUEL CONSUMPTION DUE TO ACC WILL DRIVE ITS DEMAND 84
10.4 AUTOMATIC EMERGENCY BRAKING (AEB) 84
10.4.1 INCREASING DEMAND FOR SAFETY IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT WOULD BOOST THE AEB SEGMENT 85
10.5 BLIND SPOT DETECTION (BSD) 85
10.5.1 INCREASING NUMBER OF ACCIDENTS TO HELP THE BSD SEGMENT TO GROW 85
10.6 INTELLIGENT PARK ASSIST (IPA) 86
10.6.1 EASE OF PARKING IN CONGESTED PLACES SUCH AS BUS DEPOTS AND BUS STATIONS TO BENEFIT IPA IN THE FUTURE 86
10.7 LANE KEEP ASSIST (LKA) 87
10.7.1 HIGH DEMAND FOR SAFETY FEATURES TO MINIMIZE THE RATE OF ACCIDENTS ON HIGHWAYS WILL DRIVE THE NORTH AMERICAN MARKET 87
10.8 TRAFFIC JAM ASSIST (TJA) 88
10.8.1 RISING FOCUS ON BETTER ROAD SAFETY AND ADVANCED AUTONOMOUS DRIVING TECHNOLOGY TO DRIVE THE NORTH AMERICAN MARKET 88
10.9 HIGHWAY PILOT (HP) 88
10.9.1 SHORT RANGE OBJECT DETECTION BY ULTRASONIC SENSORS WILL BOOST THE MARKET 89
10.10 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 89

11 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET,
BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION 90
11.1 INTRODUCTION 91
11.2 OPERATIONAL DATA 93
11.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS 93
11.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 93
11.3 LEVEL 1 94
11.3.1 GOVERNMENT MANDATES FOR LEVEL 1 AUTOMATION WILL FUEL THE MARKET 94
11.4 LEVEL 2 & 3 95
11.4.1 UPGRADE OF MORE SAFETY FEATURES IN LEVEL 2 & 3 AUTOMATION WILL BOOST THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 95
11.5 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION 96
11.6 LEVEL 4 97
11.6.1 INCREASING TREND OF LEVEL 4 AUTONOMOUS SHUTTLES TO DRIVE THE EUROPEAN AND NORTH AMERICAN MARKETS 97
11.7 LEVEL 5 97
11.7.1 NORTH AMERICA IS EXPECTED TO BE THE FIRST TO ADOPT LEVEL 5 AUTONOMOUS BUSES OR SHUTTLES 98
11.8 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 98

12 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY SENSOR TYPE 99
12.1 INTRODUCTION 100
12.2 OPERATIONAL DATA 104
12.2.1 ASSUMPTIONS 104
12.2.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 104
12.3 CAMERA 105
12.3.1 OEMS OFFERING ADVANCED BUSES IN THE REGION TO BOOST THE NORTH AMERICAN REGION 105
12.4 RADAR 107
12.4.1 HIGH DEMAND FOR ACCURATE DATA WITH A PRECISE ANGULAR RESOLUTION DRIVING THE GROWTH OF RADAR SENSORS 107
12.5 LIDAR 109
12.5.1 ADAS APPLICATIONS SUPPORTED BY LIDAR WILL FUEL THE MARKET 109
12.6 ULTRASONIC 111
12.6.1 SHORT RANGE OBJECT DETECTION BY ULTRASONIC SENSORS WILL BOOST THE MARKET 111
12.7 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 112

13 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY REGION 113
13.1 INTRODUCTION 114
13.1.1 INCREASING DEMAND FOR SAFE COMMERCIAL VEHICLES PROJECTED TO DRIVE THE MARKET 115
13.1.2 INCREASING DEMAND FOR EFFICIENT AND SAFE PUBLIC TRANSPORT MODE TO DRIVE THE MARKET 116
13.2 ASIA PACIFIC 117
13.2.1 CHINA 119
13.2.1.1 Large sales of advanced electric buses equipped with semi-autonomous driving features 119
13.2.2 JAPAN 120
13.2.2.1 Upcoming safety regulations will drive the Japanese semi-autonomous bus market 120
13.2.3 INDIA 121
13.2.3.1 Increasing government initiatives toward improving road safety to drive the Indian market 121
13.2.4 SOUTH KOREA 121
13.2.4.1 Mandating of FCW and LDW will fuel the South Korean market 122
13.3 EUROPE 122
13.3.1 PRESENCE OF LEADING TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS IN THE REGION TO DRIVE THE EUROPEAN MARKET 123
13.3.2 FRANCE 124
13.3.2.1 Increasing trend of adoption of safe vehicles fueling the French market 124
13.3.3 GERMANY 124
13.3.3.1 Presence of leading bus OEMs to drive the German market 125
13.3.4 ITALY 125
13.3.4.1 Increasing vehicle safety concerns to drive the French market 125
13.3.5 SPAIN 126
13.3.5.1 Upcoming safety features mandate in the European region would boost the Spanish market as well 126
13.3.6 UK 127
13.3.6.1 Increasing initiatives from various institutions for installation of ADAS features will drive the UK market 127
13.4 NORTH AMERICA 128
13.4.1 THE US IS DRIVING AUTONOMOUS DRIVING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS IN THE REGION 129
13.4.2 US 129
13.4.2.1 Increasing efforts from the government for the adoption of ADAS to reduce road crashes will drive the US market 130
13.4.3 CANADA 130
13.4.3.1 Increasing testing and trials in the country to drive the Canadian market 130
13.4.4 MEXICO 131
13.4.4.1 Increasing number of road crashes to drive the semi-autonomous bus market 131
13.5 REST OF THE WORLD 132
13.5.1 BRAZIL 133
13.5.1.1 The need to reduce traffic accidents will drive the market in Brazil 133
13.5.2 RUSSIA 134
13.5.2.1 Presence of companies investing and developing self-driving vehicles in Russia triggering the market 134

14 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 135
14.1 OVERVIEW 135
14.2 MARKET RANKING ANALYSIS FOR THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 136
14.3 MARKET RANKING ANALYSIS FOR THE AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 137
14.4 COMPETITIVE SCENARIO 137
14.4.1 COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/ PARTNERSHIPS/AGREEMENTS 138
14.4.2 NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS 139
14.4.3 MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS, 2016–2017 140
14.4.4 EXPANSIONS, 2017–2019 141
14.5 COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING FOR THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 142
14.5.1 STARS 142
14.5.2 EMERGING LEADERS 142
14.5.3 PERVASIVE 142
14.5.4 EMERGING COMPANIES 142
14.6 STRENGTH OF PRODUCT PORTFOLIO 144
14.7 BUSINESS STRATEGY EXCELLENCE 145
14.8 WINNERS VS. TAIL-ENDERS 146

15 COMPANY PROFILES 147
15.1 KEY PLAYERS 147
(Business overview, Products offered, Recent Developments, SWOT analysis, MNM view)*
15.1.1 AB VOLVO 147
15.1.2 BOSCH 150
15.1.3 CONTINENTAL 155
15.1.4 DENSO 160
15.1.5 APTIV 165
15.1.6 NVIDIA 169
15.1.7 DAIMLER 172
15.1.8 2GETTHERE (ZF) 175
15.1.9 LOCAL MOTORS (LM INDUSTRIES) 176
15.1.10 PROTERRA 177
15.1.11 EASYMILE 179
15.1.12 NAVYA- 181
*Details on Business overview, Products offered, Recent Developments, SWOT analysis, MNM view might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.
15.2 OTHER MAJOR PLAYERS 182
15.2.1 NORTH AMERICA 182
15.2.1.1 Qualcomm 182
15.2.1.2 Intel 182
15.2.1.3 Uber 182
15.2.2 EUROPE 182
15.2.2.1 Scania 182
15.2.2.2 NXP 183
15.2.2.3 IVECO 183
15.2.2.4 BMW 183
15.2.3 ASIA PACIFIC 184
15.2.3.1 Yutong 184

16 RECOMMENDATIONS BY MARKETSANDMARKETS 185
16.1 NORTH AMERICA WILL BE A MAJOR SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 185
16.2 PUBLIC TRANSPORT SOLUTION CAN BE A KEY FOCUS FOR BUS OEMS 185
16.3 CONCLUSION 185

17 APPENDIX 186
17.1 KEY INSIGHTS OF INDUSTRY EXPERTS 186
17.2 DISCUSSION GUIDE 187
17.3 KNOWLEDGE STORE: MARKETSANDMARKETS SUBSCRIPTION PORTAL 190
17.4 AVAILABLE CUSTOMIZATIONS 192
17.5 RELATED REPORTS 192
17.6 AUTHOR DETAILS 193

LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1 INCLUSIONS & EXCLUSIONS OF THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 20
TABLE 2 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE (MOST LIKELY), BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 55
TABLE 3 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE (OPTIMISTIC), BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 55
TABLE 4 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE (PESSIMISTIC), BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 55
TABLE 6 SOME NOTEWORTHY TESTING AND TRIALS OF AUTONOMOUS BUSES AND SHUTTLES: 66
TABLE 7 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY PROPULSION TYPE, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 68
TABLE 8 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY PROPULSION TYPE, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 69
TABLE 9 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS DATA BASED ON PROPULSION TYPE 70
TABLE 10 DIESEL: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 71
TABLE 11 ELECTRIC: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 72
TABLE 12 ELECTRIC: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 72
TABLE 13 HYBRID: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 73
TABLE 14 HYBRID: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 73
TABLE 15 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 76
TABLE 16 AUTONOMOUS SHUTTLE DATA BASED ON APPLICATION 77
TABLE 17 SHUTTLE: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 78
TABLE 18 INTERCITY/INTRACITY: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 79
TABLE 19 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY ADAS FEATURE, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 82
TABLE 20 TOP OEMS OFFERING BUSES WITH ADAS FEATURES 83
TABLE 21 CRASH REDUCTION THROUGH APPLICATION OF ADAS SYSTEMS 83
TABLE 22 ACC: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 84
TABLE 23 AEB: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 85
TABLE 24 BSD: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 85
TABLE 25 IPA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 86
TABLE 26 LKA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 87
TABLE 27 TJA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 88
TABLE 28 HP: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 89
TABLE 29 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 92
TABLE 30 EUROPE BUS SALES DATA (MEDIUM AND HEAVY BUSES>3.5T) 93
TABLE 31 LEVEL 1: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (THOUSAND UNITS) 94
TABLE 32 LEVEL 2 & 3: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 95
TABLE 33 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 96
TABLE 34 LEVEL 4: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 97
TABLE 35 LEVEL 5: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 98
TABLE 36 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY SENSOR TYPE, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 101
TABLE 37 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY SENSOR TYPE, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 101
TABLE 38 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY SENSOR TYPE, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 102
TABLE 39 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY SENSOR TYPE, 2024–2030 (USD THOUSAND) 103
TABLE 40 COMMERCIAL VEHICLE SALES DATA, 2016–2019 104
TABLE 41 CAMERA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 105
TABLE 42 CAMERA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 105
TABLE 43 CAMERA: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 106
TABLE 44 CAMERA: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (USD THOUSAND) 106
TABLE 45 RADAR: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 107
TABLE 46 RADAR: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 108
TABLE 47 RADAR: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 108
TABLE 48 RADAR: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (USD THOUSAND) 108
TABLE 49 LIDAR: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 109
TABLE 50 LIDAR: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 110
TABLE 51 LIDAR: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 110
TABLE 52 LIDAR: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (USD THOUSAND) 110
TABLE 53 ULTRASONIC: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 111
TABLE 54 ULTRASONIC: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 111
TABLE 55 ULTRASONIC: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 112
TABLE 56 ULTRASONIC: AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (USD THOUSAND) 112
TABLE 57 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 115
TABLE 58 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (UNITS) 116
TABLE 59 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2024–2030 (USD MILLION) 116
TABLE 60 ASIA PACIFIC: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 118
TABLE 61 CHINA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 119
TABLE 62 JAPAN: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 120
TABLE 63 INDIA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 121
TABLE 64 SOUTH KOREA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 122
TABLE 65 EUROPE: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 123
TABLE 66 FRANCE: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 124
TABLE 67 GERMANY: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 125
TABLE 68 ITALY: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 125
TABLE 69 SPAIN: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 126
TABLE 70 UK: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 127
TABLE 71 NORTH AMERICA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 129
TABLE 72 US: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 130
TABLE 73 CANADA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 130
TABLE 74 MEXICO: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 131
TABLE 75 ROW: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2017–2027 (UNITS) 132
TABLE 76 BRAZIL: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 133
TABLE 77 RUSSIA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SIZE, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2018–2025 (UNITS) 134
TABLE 78 COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/PARTNERSHIPS/ AGREEMENTS, 2017–2019 138
TABLE 79 NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS, 2017–2018 139
TABLE 80 MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS, 2016–2017 140
TABLE 81 EXPANSIONS, 2017-2019 141
TABLE 82 WINNERS VS. TAIL-ENDERS 146
TABLE 83 AB VOLVO: THE COMPANY OFFERS THE FOLLOWING PRODUCTS 148
TABLE 84 AB VOLVO: NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES 148
TABLE 85 AB VOLVO: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 148
TABLE 86 BOSCH: THE COMPANY OFFERS THE FOLLOWING PRODUCTS 151
TABLE 87 BOSCH: NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES 152
TABLE 88 BOSCH: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 153
TABLE 89 CONTINENTAL: THE COMPANY OFFERS THE FOLLOWING PRODUCTS 156
TABLE 90 CONTINENTAL: NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES/EXPANSIONS 157
TABLE 91 CONTINENTAL: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 157
TABLE 92 DENSO: THE COMPANY OFFERS THE FOLLOWING PRODUCTS 161
TABLE 93 DENSO: NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES/EXPANSIONS 161
TABLE 94 DENSO: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 162
TABLE 95 APTIV: THE COMPANY OFFERS THE FOLLOWING PRODUCTS 166
TABLE 96 APTIV: NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES/EXPANSIONS 166
TABLE 97 APTIV: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 167
TABLE 98 NVIDIA: THE COMPANY OFFERS THE FOLLOWING PRODUCTS 170
TABLE 99 NVIDIA: NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES 170
TABLE 100 NVIDIA: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 171
TABLE 101 DAIMLER: THE COMPANY OFFERS THE FOLLOWING PRODUCTS 173
TABLE 102 DAIMLER: NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES 173
TABLE 103 DAIMLER: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 174
TABLE 104 2GETTHERE (ZF): THE COMPANY OFFERS THE FOLLOWING PRODUCTS 175
TABLE 105 2GETTHERE (ZF): PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 175
TABLE 106 LOCAL MOTORS (LM INDUSTRIES): PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 176
TABLE 107 PROTERRA: THE COMPANY OFFERS THE FOLLOWING PRODUCTS: 177
TABLE 108 PROTERRA: EXPANSIONS 177
TABLE 109 PROTERRA: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 178
TABLE 110 EASYMILE: NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS 179
TABLE 111 EASYMILE: EXPANSIONS 179
TABLE 112 EASYMILE: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 180
TABLE 113 NAVYA: PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/JOINT VENTURES/SUPPLY CONTRACTS/AGREEMENTS/MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS 181

LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 1 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS: MARKETS COVERED 20
FIGURE 2 AUTONOMOUS BUS: MARKETS COVERED 21
FIGURE 3 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS & AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN 23
FIGURE 4 RESEARCH DESIGN MODEL 24
FIGURE 5 BREAKDOWN OF PRIMARY INTERVIEWS 26
FIGURE 6 DATA TRIANGULATION 32
FIGURE 7 COVID-19 IMPACT ON THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, 2018–2025 36
FIGURE 8 REVENUE SHIFT IN THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 37
FIGURE 9 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET: MARKET DYNAMICS 38
FIGURE 10 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY REGION, 2020–2025 39
FIGURE 11 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY PROPULSION TYPE, 2020 VS. 2025 40
FIGURE 12 INCREASING REGULATIONS FOR SAFETY FEATURES IN BUSES AND DEMAND FOR ADVANCED DRIVER ASSIST FEATURES TO DRIVE THE MARKET FOR SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUSES 41
FIGURE 13 SHORTAGE OF DRIVERS, EFFICIENT OPERATION, AND SAFETY TO DRIVE THE MARKET FOR AUTONOMOUS BUSES 42
FIGURE 14 ADVANCEMENT IN TECHNOLOGY TO DRIVE THE MARKET FOR AUTONOMOUS BUSES 42
FIGURE 15 ASIA PACIFIC IS PROJECTED TO BE THE FASTEST-GROWING SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 43
FIGURE 16 DIESEL SEGMENT PROJECTED TO BE THE LARGEST MARKET, 2020 VS. 2025 (UNITS) 43
FIGURE 17 ELECTRIC SEGMENT PROJECTED TO BE THE LARGEST MARKET, 2024 VS. 2030 (UNITS) 44
FIGURE 18 SHUTTLE SEGMENT PROJECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT OF THE AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, 2024 VS. 2030 (UNITS) 44
FIGURE 19 AEB SEGMENT PROJECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT OF THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, 2020 VS. 2025 (UNITS) 45
FIGURE 20 LEVEL 1 SEGMENT PROJECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT OF THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, 2020 VS. 2025 (UNITS) 45
FIGURE 21 LEVEL 4 SEGMENT PROJECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT OF THE AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, 2024 VS. 2030 (UNITS) 46
FIGURE 22 ULTRASONIC SEGMENT PROJECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT OF THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, 2020 VS. 2025 (UNITS) 46
FIGURE 23 RADAR SEGMENT PROJECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT OF THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, 2020 VS. 2025 (USD MILLION) 47
FIGURE 24 ULTRASONIC SEGMENT PROJECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT OF THE AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, 2024 VS. 2030 (UNITS) 47
FIGURE 25 LIDAR SEGMENT PROJECTED TO BE THE LARGEST SEGMENT OF THE AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, 2024 VS. 2030 (USD THOUSAND) 48
FIGURE 26 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET: MARKET DYNAMICS 50
FIGURE 27 PORTER’S FIVE FORCES MODEL: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS 57
FIGURE 28 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS: AV SOFTWARE & SENSOR DEVELOPMENT AND SYSTEM INTEGRATION PHASES ADD MAXIMUM VALUE 58
FIGURE 29 AVERAGE SELLING PRICE TREND FOR SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS SENSORS, BY REGION, 2018–2020 59
FIGURE 30 PATENT APPLICATION TRENDS – LAST 5 YEARS 61
FIGURE 31 COUNTRY-WISE PATENT ANALYSIS 61
FIGURE 32 TOP PATENT APPLICANTS, 2010-2019 62
FIGURE 33 DIESEL SEGMENT TO DOMINATE THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD 68
FIGURE 34 ELECTRIC SEGMENT TO DOMINATE THE AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD 69
FIGURE 35 SHUTTLE SEGMENT TO DOMINATE THE AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD 76
FIGURE 36 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY ADAS FEATURE, 2020 VS. 2025 (UNITS) 82
FIGURE 37 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2020 VS. 2025 (UNITS) 92
FIGURE 38 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY LEVEL OF AUTOMATION, 2024 VS. 2030 (UNITS) 96
FIGURE 39 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY SENSOR TYPE, 2020 VS. 2025 (UNITS) 100
FIGURE 40 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY SENSOR TYPE, 2020 VS. 2025 (USD MILLION) 101
FIGURE 41 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY SENSOR TYPE, 2024 VS. 2030 (UNITS) 102
FIGURE 42 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY SENSOR TYPE, 2024 VS. 2030 (USD THOUSAND) 103
FIGURE 43 SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY REGION, 2020 VS. 2025 (UNITS) 114
FIGURE 44 AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY REGION, 2024 VS. 2030 (UNITS) 115
FIGURE 45 ASIA PACIFIC: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SNAPSHOT 118
FIGURE 46 EUROPE: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020 VS. 2025 (UNITS) 123
FIGURE 47 NORTH AMERICA: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET SNAPSHOT 128
FIGURE 48 ROW: SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020 VS. 2025 (UNITS) 132
FIGURE 49 KEY DEVELOPMENTS BY LEADING PLAYERS IN THE SEMI-AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 135
FIGURE 50 SEMI AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET: COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING, 2019 143
FIGURE 51 PRODUCT PORTFOLIO ANALYSIS OF TOP PLAYERS IN SEMI AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 144
FIGURE 52 BUSINESS STRATEGY EXCELLENCE OF TOP PLAYERS IN SEMI AUTONOMOUS AND AUTONOMOUS BUS MARKET 145
FIGURE 53 AB VOLVO: COMPANY SNAPSHOT (2019) 147
FIGURE 54 BOSCH: COMPANY SNAPSHOT (2019) 151
FIGURE 55 CONTINENTAL: COMPANY SNAPSHOT (2019) 156
FIGURE 56 DENSO: COMPANY SNAPSHOT (2019) 160
FIGURE 57 APTIV: COMPANY SNAPSHOT (2017) 165
FIGURE 58 NVIDIA: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 169
FIGURE 59 DAIMLER: COMPANY SNAPSHOT (2019) 172
FIGURE 60 NAVYA: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 181