CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 3
SCOPE OF REPORT 3
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
METHODOLOGY 3
INFORMATION SOURCES 4
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 4
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS BY SEGMENT, 2014-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 7
LARGEST AND FASTEST-GROWING MARKETS 8
SIGNIFICANT TRENDS 9
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 11
DEFINITION OF THE INDUSTRY 11
FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS 11
INTERNATIONAL TARGETS AND REGULATIONS 13
CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION REDUCTION 13
GLOBAL TARIFFS 14
RECYCLING 14
TIRE LABELING 15
REGISTRATION, EVALUATION, AUTHORIZATION AND RESTRICTION OF CHEMICALS 15
CHAPTER 4 TIRE OUTPUT AND FORECAST BY PRODUCT 17
TABLE 1 GLOBAL TIRE OUTPUT BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 17
AUTOMOTIVE TIRES 18
AUTOMOTIVE TIRES IN DETAIL 18
Radial Tires and Bias Tires 18
Light-Duty Tires and Heavy-Duty Tires 19
Original Equipment Tires and Replacement Tires 19
SUBPRODUCTS 19
TABLE 2 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE TIRE OUTPUT BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 19
Automotive Radial Light-Duty Tire Output 20
Automotive Radial Heavy-Duty Tire Output 20
Automotive Bias Light-Duty Tire Output 21
Automotive Bias Heavy-Duty Tire Output 21
CYCLE TIRES 21
TABLE 3 GLOBAL CYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 21
BICYCLE TIRE OUTPUT 22
MOTORCYCLE TIRES 22
OTHER CYCLE TIRES 22
CHAPTER 5 TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION 24
TABLE 4 GLOBAL TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 24
AUTOMOTIVE TIRES 25
TABLE 5 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 25
RADIAL LIGHT-DUTY TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION 26
TABLE 6 GLOBAL RADIAL LIGHT-DUTY TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 26
RADIAL HEAVY-DUTY TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION 27
TABLE 7 GLOBAL RADIAL HEAVY-DUTY TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 27
LIGHT-DUTY BIAS TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION 27
TABLE 8 GLOBAL BIAS LIGHT-DUTY TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 27
BIAS HEAVY-DUTY TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION 28
TABLE 9 GLOBAL BIAS HEAVY-DUTY TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 28
CYCLE TIRES 29
TABLE 10 GLOBAL CYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 29
BICYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION 29
TABLE 11 GLOBAL BICYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 30
MOTORCYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION 30
TABLE 12 GLOBAL MOTORCYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 31
OTHER CYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION 31
TABLE 13 GLOBAL OTHER CYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 31
CHAPTER 6 TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIAL MARKETS BY PRODUCT 33
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 33
STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC 34
HISTORY 34
MANUFACTURING PROCESS 34
GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 35
Growth Drivers 35
SUBPRODUCTS 36
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 37
Steel Tire Cord Fabric for Radial Light-Duty Tire Belt Plies 37
Steel Tire Cord Fabric for Radial Heavy-Duty Tire Belt Plies 38
Steel Cord Fabric for Carcasses of Radial Heavy-Duty Tires 39
Steel Tire Cord Fabric for Bias Belted Heavy-Duty Tires 39
STEEL BEAD WIRE 40
MANUFACTURING PROCESS 40
GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 40
SUBPRODUCTS 41
TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 41
Steel Bead Wire for Radial Light-Duty Tires 41
Steel Bead Wire for Radial Heavy-Duty Tires 42
Steel Bead Wire for Bias Light-Duty Tires 42
Steel Bead Wire for Bias Heavy-Duty Tires 43
POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC 43
HISTORY 43
MANUFACTURING PROCESS 44
GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 44
Growth Drivers 44
Growth Inhibitors 45
SUBPRODUCTS 45
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 46
Standard Polyester Cord Fabric for Carcasses of Radial Light-Duty Tires 46
Advanced Polyester Cord Fabric for Carcasses of Radial Light-Duty Tires 46
Advanced Polyester Cord Fabric for Cap Plies 47
NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC 47
MANUFACTURING PROCESS 47
GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 48
Growth Drivers 48
Growth Inhibitors 48
SUBPRODUCTS 49
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 49
Nylon Tire Cord Fabric for Carcasses of Bias Light-Duty Tires 49
Nylon Tire Cord Fabric for Carcasses of Bias Heavy-Duty Tires 50
Nylon Tire Cord Fabric for Cap Plies of Radial Light-Duty Tires 50
Nylon Tire Cord Fabric for Cap Plies of Radial Heavy-Duty Tires 51
Nylon Tire Cord Fabric for Carcasses of Cycle Tires 51
RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC 52
MANUFACTURING PROCESS 52
GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 52
Growth Drivers 52
Growth Inhibitors 53
SUBPRODUCTS 53
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 54
ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC 54
MANUFACTURING PROCESS 54
GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 55
Growth Drivers 55
Growth Inhibitors 55
SUBPRODUCTS 55
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 55
Aramid Tire Cord Fabric for Belt Plies of Radial Light-Duty Tires 56
Aramid Tire Cord Fabric for Carcasses of Heavy-Duty Tires 56
Aramid Tire Cord Fabric for Belt Plies of Radial Heavy-Duty Tires 56
POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC 57
MANUFACTURING PROCESS 57
GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 57
Growth Drivers 57
Growth Inhibitors 58
SUBPRODUCTS 58
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 58
Polyethylene Naphthalate Tire Cord Fabric for Carcasses of Radial Light- Duty Tires 59
Polyethylene Naphthalate Tire Cord Fabric for Cap Plies of Radial Light-Duty Tires 59
Polyethylene Naphthalate Tire Cord Fabric for Cap Plies of Radial Heavy- Duty Tires 59
OTHER TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS 60
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OTHER TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 60
CHAPTER 7 TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIAL MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY 62
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 62
DRAWING 62
MELT SPINNING 63
SOLUTION SPINNING 63
CHAPTER 8 TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIAL MARKET BY REGION 65
TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 65
STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET BY REGION 66
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 66
CHINESE STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 67
TABLE 26 CHINESE MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 67
Industry Characteristics 67
Market and Forecast 68
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 69
NORTH AMERICAN STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 69
TABLE 27 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 70
Industry Characteristics 70
Market and Forecast 71
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 71
WESTERN EUROPEAN: STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 72
TABLE 28 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 72
Industry Characteristics 72
Market and Forecast 73
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 73
EASTERN EUROPEAN STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 74
TABLE 29 EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 74
Industry Characteristics 75
Market and Forecast 75
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 76
SOUTH AMERICAN STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 76
TABLE 30 SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 76
Industry Characteristics 77
Market and Forecast 77
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 78
EAST ASIAN AND ASEAN STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 78
TABLE 31 EAST ASIA AND ASEAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 78
Industry Characteristics 79
Market and Forecast 79
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 80
INDIAN STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 80
TABLE 32 INDIAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 80
Industry Characteristics 81
Market and Forecast 81
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 82
REST OF THE WORLD STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 82
TABLE 33 REST OF THE WORLD MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 82
Market and Forecast 82
STEEL BEAD WIRE MARKET BY REGION 83
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
CHINESE STEEL BEAD WIRE MARKET 84
TABLE 35 CHINESE MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 84
Industry Characteristics 84
Market and Forecast 85
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 85
NORTH AMERICAN STEEL BEAD WIRE MARKET 86
TABLE 36 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 86
Industry Characteristics 86
Market and Forecast 87
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 87
WESTERN EUROPEAN STEEL BEAD WIRE MARKET 88
TABLE 37 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 88
Industry Characteristics 88
Market and Forecast 89
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 89
EASTERN EUROPEAN STEEL BEAD WIRE MARKET 90
TABLE 38 EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 90
Industry Characteristics 90
Market and Forecast 91
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 91
SOUTH AMERICAN STEEL BEAD WIRE MARKET 92
TABLE 39 SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 92
Industry Characteristics 92
Market and Forecast 93
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 93
EAST ASIAN AND ASEAN STEEL BEAD WIRE MARKET 94
TABLE 40 EAST ASIA AND ASEAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 94
Industry Characteristics 94
Market and Forecast 95
INDIAN STEEL BEAD WIRE MARKET 95
TABLE 41 INDIAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 95
Industry Characteristics 96
Market and Forecast 96
REST OF THE WORLD STEEL BEAD WIRE MARKET 97
TABLE 42 REST OF THE WORLD MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 97
Market and Forecast 97
POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET BY REGION 98
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 98
CHINESE POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 98
TABLE 44 CHINESE MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 99
Industry Characteristics 99
Market and Forecast 100
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 100
NORTH AMERICAN POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 101
TABLE 45 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 101
Industry Characteristics 101
Market and Forecast 102
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 102
WESTERN EUROPEAN POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 103
TABLE 46 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 103
Industry Characteristics 103
Market and Forecast 104
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 104
EASTERN EUROPEAN POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 105
TABLE 47 EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 105
Industry Characteristics 105
Market and Forecast 106
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 106
SOUTH AMERICAN POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 106
TABLE 48 SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 107
Industry Characteristics 107
Market and Forecast 107
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 108
EAST ASIAN AND ASEAN POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 108
TABLE 49 EAST ASIA AND ASEAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 108
Industry Characteristics 109
Market and Forecast 109
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 110
INDIAN POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 110
TABLE 50 INDIAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 110
Industry Characteristics 111
Market and Forecast 111
REST OF THE WORLD POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 111
TABLE 51 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 112
NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET BY REGION 112
TABLE 52 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 112
CHINESE NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 113
TABLE 53 CHINESE MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 113
Industry Characteristics 113
Market and Forecast 114
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 114
NORTH AMERICA: NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 114
TABLE 54 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 115
Industry Characteristics 115
Market and Forecast 116
WESTERN EUROPEAN NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 116
TABLE 55 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 116
Industry Characteristics 117
Market and Forecast 117
EASTERN EUROPEAN NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 118
TABLE 56 EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 118
Industry Characteristics 118
Market and Forecast 119
SOUTH AMERICAN NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 119
TABLE 57 SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 120
Industry Characteristics 120
Market and Forecast 121
EAST ASIAN AND ASEAN NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 121
TABLE 58 EAST ASIA AND ASEAN MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 121
Industry Characteristics 122
Market and Forecast 122
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 123
INDIAN NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 123
TABLE 59 INDIAN MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 123
Industry Characteristics 124
Market and Forecast 124
Current Situation and/or Significant Trends 125
REST OF THE WORLD NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 125
TABLE 60 REST OF THE WORLD MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 126
RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET BY REGION 126
TABLE 61 GLOBAL MARKET FOR RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 126
CHINESE RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 127
TABLE 62 CHINESE MARKET FOR RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 127
Industry Characteristics 127
Market and Forecast 127
NORTH AMERICAN RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 128
TABLE 63 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 128
Industry Characteristics 128
Market and Forecast 129
WESTERN EUROPEAN RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 129
TABLE 64 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 129
Industry Characteristics 130
Market and Forecast 130
EASTERN EUROPEAN RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 131
TABLE 65 EASTERN EUROPEN MARKET FOR RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 131
Industry Characteristics 131
Market and Forecast 131
SOUTH AMERICAN RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 132
TABLE 66 SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 132
Industry Characteristics 132
Market and Forecast 132
EAST ASIAN AND ASEAN RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 133
TABLE 67 EAST ASIA AND ASEAN MARKET FOR RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 133
Industry Characteristics 133
Market and Forecast 134
INDIAN RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 134
TABLE 68 INDIAN MARKET FOR RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 134
REST OF THE WORLD RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 135
TABLE 69 REST OF THE WORLD MARKET FOR RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 135
ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET BY REGION 136
TABLE 70 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 136
CHINESE ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 136
TABLE 71 CHINESE MARKET FOR ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 136
Industry Characteristics 137
Market and Forecast 137
NORTH AMERICAN ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 138
TABLE 72 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 138
Industry Characteristics 138
Market and Forecast 139
WESTERN EUROPEAN ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 139
TABLE 73 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 139
Industry Characteristics 140
Market and Forecast 140
EASTERN EUROPEAN ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 141
TABLE 74 EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 141
Industry Characteristics 141
Market and Forecast 141
SOUTH AMERICAN ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 142
TABLE 75 SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 142
Industry Characteristics 142
Market and Forecast 143
EAST ASIAN AND ASEAN ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 143
TABLE 76 EAST ASIA AND ASEAN MARKET FOR ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 143
Industry Characteristics 144
Market and Forecast 144
INDIAN ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 145
TABLE 77 INDIAN MARKET FOR ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 145
Industry Characteristics 145
Market and Forecast 145
REST OF THE WORLD ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 146
TABLE 78 REST OF THE WORLD MARKET FOR ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 146
POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET BY REGION 147
TABLE 79 POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 147
CHINESE POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 147
TABLE 80 CHINESE MARKET FOR POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 148
NORTH AMERICAN POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 148
TABLE 81 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 148
WESTERN EUROPEAN POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 149
TABLE 82 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 149
EAST ASIAN AND ASEAN POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC MARKET 149
TABLE 83 EAST ASIA AND ASEAN MARKET FOR POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 150
OTHER TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIAL MARKET BY REGION 150
TABLE 84 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OTHER TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 150
CHAPTER 9 MARKET BY APPLICATION 152
TABLE 85 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 152
AUTOMOBILE CARCASSES 152
TABLE 86 GLOBAL MARKET FOR AUTOMOBILE CARCASS APPLICATIONS BY MATERIAL, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 152
SIGNIFICANT TRENDS IN CARCASS APPLICATIONS 153
BELT PLY 154
TABLE 87 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BELT PLY APPLICATIONS BY MATERIAL, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 154
SIGNIFICANT TRENDS IN BELT PLY APPLICATIONS 155
CAP PLY 155
TABLE 88 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CAP PLY APPLICATIONS BY MATERIAL, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 155
CHAPTER 10 TECHNOLOGY 157
SIGNIFICANT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS 157
TABLE 89 SIGNIFICANT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS AND MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES, 1974-2015 157
DRAWING 158
TABLE 90 PROCESS ECONOMIC COMPARISONS BETWEEN STEEL TIRE CORD AND STEEL BEAD WIRE ($ PER METRIC TON) 158
DRAWING FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC 158
FIGURE 1 MANUFACTURING FLOW FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC 158
Drawing process for Steel Tire Cord Fabric 159
FIGURE 2 DRAWING FLOW FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC 159
Raw Material Reception 159
Carbon Steel Rod Treatment 160
Dry Drawing 160
Electroplating 160
Wet Drawing 160
Process Economics and Innovation 160
Post-Drawing Processes for Steel Tire Cord Fabric 162
Twisting and Cabling for Steel Tire Cord Fabric 162
Weaving for Steel Tire Cord Fabric 162
Calendering for Steel Tire Cord Fabric 162
Preparation for Steel Tire Cord Fabric 162
DRAWING FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE 162
FIGURE 3 MANUFACTURING FLOW FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE 162
Drawing Process for Steel Bead Wire 163
FIGURE 4 DRAWING FLOW FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE 163
Steel Rod Reception 163
Multiple Drawing 163
Electroplating 163
Rubber Coating 163
Post-Drawing 164
MELT SPINNING 164
FIGURE 5 MANUFACTURING FLOW FOR POLYESTER/NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC 164
MELT SPINNING PROCESS ECONOMICS 164
TABLE 91 PROCESS ECONOMIC COMPARISONS BETWEEN POLYESTER, NYLON 66 AND POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC ($ PER METRIC TON) 164
MELT SPINNING METHODS 165
POST-MELT SPINNING 165
Twisting and Cabling 165
Weaving 165
Dipping 165
Preparation 165
TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION 166
SOLUTION SPINNING 166
SOLUTION SPINNING PROCESS ECONOMICS 166
TABLE 92 PROCESS ECONOMIC COMPARISONS BETWEEN RAYON AND ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC ($ PER METRIC TON) 166
FIGURE 6 MANUFACTURING FLOW FOR RAYON/ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC 167
SOLUTION SPINNING FOR RAYON 167
SOLUTION SPINNING FOR ARAMID 167
TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION 167
PERFORMANCE COMPARISON 168
TABLE 93 PERFORMANCE OF TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS AFTER DIPPING OR CALENDERING 168
U.S. PATENT ANALYSIS 168
PATENTS BY COMPANY 168
TABLE 94 TIRE REINFORCEMENT PATENTS BY COMPANY, 2007-2016 169
PATENTS BY YEAR 169
TABLE 95 TIRE REINFORCEMENT PATENTS BY YEAR, 2007-2016 169
PATENTS BY MAJOR COUNTRY 170
TABLE 96 TIRE REINFORCEMENT PATENTS BY COUNTRY, 2007-2016 170
PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE 170
TABLE 97 TIRE REINFORCEMENT PATENT, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2007-2016 170
CHAPTER 11 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS 172
STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC INDUSTRY 172
MARKET PLAYERS 172
Tire Manufacturers 172
Steel Tire Cord Producers 172
Steel Tire Cord Fabric Producers 173
STRATEGIES FOR STAYING COMPETITIVE 173
COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS 173
Commodity Versus High-Value-Added Materials 173
New Entrants 174
IMPACT ON/OF OTHER INDUSTRIES 175
INDUSTRY LEADERS 175
CRITERIA FOR SUCCESS 175
STEEL BEAD WIRE INDUSTRY 176
MARKET PLAYERS 176
STRATEGIES FOR STAYING COMPETITIVE 176
COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS 177
IMPACT OF OTHER INDUSTRIES 177
INDUSTRY LEADERS 177
POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC INDUSTRY 177
STRATEGIES FOR STAYING COMPETITIVE 178
COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS 179
Commodity Versus High-Value-Added Materials 179
Bargaining Power 179
New Entrants 179
IMPACT OF OTHER INDUSTRIES 179
INDUSTRY LEADERS 180
NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC INDUSTRY 180
STRATEGIES FOR STAYING COMPETITIVE 180
IMPACT OF OTHER INDUSTRIES 180
INDUSTRY LEADERS 181
ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC INDUSTRY 181
STRATEGIES FOR STAYING COMPETITIVE 181
COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS 181
Commodity Versus High-Value-Added Materials 181
Bargaining Power 182
New Entrants 182
IMPACT OF OTHER INDUSTRIES 182
INDUSTRY LEADERS 182
CHAPTER 12 COMPANY PROFILES 184
STEEL TIRE CORD/FABRIC MANUFACTURERS 184
BEKAERT 184
JIANGSU XINGDA STEEL TIRE CORD CO. LTD. 185
MICHELIN 185
POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC MANUFACTURERS 186
FORMOSA TAFFETA CO. LTD. 186
HYOSUNG GROUP 186
JIANGSU TAIJI INDUSTRY NEW MATERIALS CO. LTD. 187
PERFORMANCE FIBERS INC. 187
SHINKONG SYNTHETIC FIBERS CORP. 188
SINOPEC SHANGHAI PETROCHEMICAL CO. LTD. 189
TORAY INDUSTRIES INC. 189
ZHEJIANG HAILIDE NEW MATERIAL CO. LTD. 190
NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC MANUFACTURERS 190
CENTURY ENKA LTD. 190
CHINA SHENMA INDUSTRY CO. LTD. 191
JUNMA GROUP & JUNMA TIRE CORD CO. LTD. 191
KORDSA GLOBAL 192
SABA TIRE CORD COMPLEX 192
SRF LTD. 193
TOYOBO CO. LTD. 193
RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC MANUFACTURERS 194
CORDENKA GMBH 194
GLANZSTOFF 194
ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC MAKERS 194
DUPONT 194
KOLON INDUSTRIES INC. 195
TEIJIN LTD. 195
YANTAI SPANDEX CO. LTD. 196
CHAPTER 13 COMPANY ADDRESSES AND PRODUCTS 198
TABLE 98 COMPANY ADDRESSES AND PRODUCTS 198



LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 7
TABLE 1 GLOBAL TIRE OUTPUT BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 17
TABLE 2 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE TIRE OUTPUT BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 19
TABLE 3 GLOBAL CYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 21
TABLE 4 GLOBAL TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 24
TABLE 5 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 25
TABLE 6 GLOBAL RADIAL LIGHT-DUTY TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 26
TABLE 7 GLOBAL RADIAL HEAVY-DUTY TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 27
TABLE 8 GLOBAL BIAS LIGHT-DUTY TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 27
TABLE 9 GLOBAL BIAS HEAVY-DUTY TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 28
TABLE 10 GLOBAL CYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 29
TABLE 11 GLOBAL BICYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 30
TABLE 12 GLOBAL MOTORCYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 31
TABLE 13 GLOBAL OTHER CYCLE TIRE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION UNITS) 31
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 33
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 41
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 46
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 49
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR RAYON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 54
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ARAMID TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 55
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 58
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OTHER TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 60
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 62
TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TIRE REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 65
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 66
TABLE 26 CHINESE MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 67
TABLE 27 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 70
TABLE 28 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 29 EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 74
TABLE 30 SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 31 EAST ASIA AND ASEAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 32 INDIAN MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 33 REST OF THE WORLD MARKET FOR STEEL TIRE CORD FABRIC BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 35 CHINESE MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 36 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 86
TABLE 37 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 88
TABLE 38 EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 90
TABLE 39 SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 92
TABLE 40 EAST ASIA AND ASEAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 94
TABLE 41 INDIAN MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 95
TABLE 42 REST OF THE WORLD MARKET FOR STEEL BEAD WIRE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRIC BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 44 CHINESE MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 99
TABLE 45 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 101
TABLE 46 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 103
TABLE 47 EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 105
TABLE 48 SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 107
TABLE 49 EAST ASIA AND ASEAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 108
TABLE 50 INDIAN MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 51 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR POLYESTER TIRE CORD FABRICS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 112
TABLE 52 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NYLON TIRE CORD FABRIC BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 112