About 200 reports

Diagnosis is the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon. It involves two different types of testing method: in vivo and in vitro diagnostics. In-vitro diagnostics (IVDs) tests are defined as tests executed outside a patient’s body which put analytical instruments, devices, reagents, calibrators and systems...

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH is a form of liver disease that causes inflammation and accumulation of fat tissues in the liver. It resembles alcoholic liver disease but occurs to those who drink too little or no alcohol. NASH shows no symptoms and is also known as a “Silent” liver disease. NASH can lead to cirrhosis,...

Ballast water has been an integral component of the ship’s stability since the steel hulled vessels have been introduced. Ballast water is pumped in to maintain safe operating conditions throughout a voyage. This practice reduces stress on the hull, provides transverse stability, improves propulsion and maneuverability, and compensates...

Fluff Pulp, also known as fluffy pulp or comminution pulp, is a chemical pulp made of cellulose fibers obtained from long softwoods. Fluff pulp is usually bleached and produced in huge quantities worldwide due to its high bulkiness and high water absorbency. The most common raw material for fluff pulp is southern bleached softwood...

The term “take-away” food, describes a way of eating restaurant food outside the restaurant or a growing variety of prepared foods that consumers purchase from food stands and drive-in locations. The concept of takeaway food lies in the changing lifestyles and eating habits of people, who largely prefer takeaway food due to busy...

Diabetes, referred to as diabetes mellitus by doctors, is a group of metabolic disorders which abnormally affect the level of sugar (glucose) in blood. Diabetes can either be due to pancreas not producing enough insulin or irresponsiveness of cells of the body to insulin. Insulin is a hormone which regulates the metabolism of...

Power sports vehicles generally have high powered engines and these vehicles are majorly used for recreational and utility purposes. Power sports market is broadly segregated into four major types, having their sub categories as well. Power sports vehicles are classified into off-road vehicles, snowmobiles, personal water crafts...

The foodservice equipment industry involves those companies that manufacture the equipment needed to produce, transport, store, and serve food products. This type of equipment ranges from large freezers and ovens to small appliances sold at kitchen stores. Different versions of equipments are made for large manufacturers and...

In spite of all the advancements in the field of oral health, numerous people suffer from various oral diseases such as tooth loss, oral mucosal lesions and oropharyngeal cancers. A number of dental disorders take shape from a slight tooth ache, cavity, and ulcer to a more serious oral cancer. They are classified into different...

Car rental is a service in which cars are provided on rent to people who do not have access to their own cars, so that they can gain access to a car especially while travelling or during repair. Car rental companies rent automobiles for a short time span, ranging from few hours to few weeks. It assists people with temporary vehicle...

Constipation is a chronic medical condition which makes a person unable to pass fecal content properly. In this condition, the stool is often dry, hard and painful to pass. Bowel movements vary person to person but, if the bowel movement is missing for more than 3 days in adults and 4 days in children, then it is considered as...

Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a therapy for people who are not relieved from back or neck pain by surgeries and other treatments. It helps to treat pain by hiding pain signals before reaching brain. A device is implanted in body to deliver the signals to spinal cord. Battery attached to pulse generator are of two types, non-rechargeable...

Animals, like humans, also suffer from diseases and hence require proper care from veterinarians, farmers and pet owners. Improving the health of companion animals and livestock and treating them is the foremost objective of animal health industry. The animal health industry can be broadly classified into two parts - production...

The word "timeshare" has evolved over the years to include a wide variety of vacation products and plans. It is also known as "vacation ownership" "holiday ownership" and "interval ownership”. A timeshare is a property with a particular form of ownership or use rights.  These properties are typically resort condominium...

Paint, is a coloured ingredient which is spread over a surface and then dries to leave a thin decorative or protective coating. It is used to describe a number of substances that consist of a pigment suspended in a liquid or paste form such as oil or water. With a brush, a roller, or a spray gun, paint is applied in a thin coat...

Waste composition and volume largely depends upon the composition pattern of a country along with industrial and economic structures. Waste is largely generated from urban areas or municipalities, industrial, commercial and agricultural sectors. It mostly ends up into water bodies, negatively changing the composition of the water...

Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine). A cancer is the abnormal growth of cells that has the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Signs and symptoms for this cancer may include blood in the stool,...

Indonesia has a decentralized system for healthcare and involves private and public institutions. This includes planning process from top to bottom with involvement from local agencies and communities. Hospital market is one of the major segments of Indonesian’s healthcare industry, which is classified into two sectors, public and...

Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a medical condition in which a person becomes partially or totally unable to hear sounds. It can occur in both or one ear of a person and can be temporary or permanent. Normal hearing ability of a person ranges from 0 dB to 20 dB in all frequencies but when a person is suffering...

Sickle Cell (SC) is a genetic blood disorder caused by inheriting abnormal hemoglobin (Hb) genes from parents. Normally, red blood cells (RBC) have disc-like shapes which help them to travel throughout the blood vessels. But in the case of SC, red blood cells of a person’s blood take an abnormal sickle-like shape. Due to SC, red blood cells...

ATTR amyloidosis, A for Amyloid and the TTR is an abbreviation used for the protein “transthyretin.” ATTR amyloidosis is a rare disease, caused by the build-up of abnormal protein deposits in various tissues of the body. Amyloid deposits cause disorder by damaging the structure and the function of the organs where they are found and they can...

Ostomy is an opening surgery from the abdomen for the removal of the waste of body. An ostomy can be temporary or permanent depending upon the medical requirement. Conditions that require ostomy surgeries include cancer, trauma, inflammatory bowel disease, infection, fecal inconsistence and diverticulitis. Ostomy is classified into...

A mattress is a large pad for supporting the reclining body, used as a bed or as part of a bed. Mattresses may consist of a quilted or similarly fastened case, usually of heavy cloth, that contains hair, straw, cotton, foam rubber, etc., or a framework of metal springs. The mattress support layer, also known as its core, includes all the layers...

Elevator is a type of vertical transport equipment that efficiently moves people or goods between floors or levels of a building, vessel or any other structure. There are basically three types of elevators; Pneumatic elevators, counterweight elevator and hydraulic elevators. Another type of booming market specialty is smart elevator. It is...

Hereditary Angioedema (HAE) is a rare hereditary disease caused by a genetic deficiency in a gene known as C1 inhibitor (C1-INH). It is characterized by attacks of edema (swelling). These are unpredictable and can affect various areas of the body including the stomach, hands, feet, arms, legs, genitals, throat, and face. Depending on the severity...

Printing in today’s world has allowed people to share large amount of information quickly. The invention of printing press is considered to be very significant, which drastically changed evolving economies. The printed material from printing presses is put to use by its end users in various categories, broadly classified under commercial,...

Packaging is a technology of enclosing and protecting products for distribution, storage, sale and use. Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages. It can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale and end use. There are three types...

E-Cigarettes have potential risks and benefits, but it has significantly shifted people from conventional tobacco smoking to E-Cigarette smoking. E-Cigarette is an innovation aimed at replacing traditional cigarette smoking. It comes in varied options like disposables, cig-a-like, e-cigars, vape modes, modular and many more. E-Cigarettes...

The ship which is structured specifically to hold huge quantities of cargo compressed in different types of containers is referred to as a container ship (also known as cargo ship). The process of sending cargo in special containers is known as containerization. Container ships are constructed to accommodate immense possible cargo loads. The...

HVAC stands for heating, ventilation and air conditioning. It is a technology used to provide thermal comfort and acceptable indoor air quality. A HVAC system is based on the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer. HVAC is an important part of residential as well as commercial buildings. The market is filled with different...