Gas-to-Liquids Processes for Chemicals and Energy Production
- March 2015
- 236 pages
- BCC Research
The value of products produced by gas-to-liquid (GTL), coal-to-liquid (CTL) and biomass to liquid processes was worth $8.4 billion in 2014. This is expected to grow from $8.6 billion in 2015 to $11.8 billion in 2020, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.5% from 2015 to 2020.
This report provides:
An overview of the market for GTL processes for chemicals and energy production.
Analyses of market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of CAGRs through 2020.
Discussion on the use of GTL processes to produce ultraclean diesel fuels and high-quality chemical products such as waxes.
An assessment of the role of GTL as an enabling technology for the production of clean transportation fuels.
Quantification of the demand for GTL by type of output, application, and production technology.
Analysis of the competition GTL-derived fuels face including low-grade and synthetic petroleum, compressed natural gas (CNG), CTL, biofuels, electric vehicles (EVs), and hydrogen.
SCOPE OF REPORT
An overall study of the GTL market was undertaken during the preparation of this report. All areas of the GTL market are addressed, including identification of current and future technologies, product types, market segments, and end markets. Legislation and government and regulatory agency involvement are analyzed. The producing companies are discussed in light of technological strengths and weaknesses, market shares, marketing strengths and innovative marketing practices.
This report, which is divided into seven sections, assesses and evaluates the demand and costs of GTL in the chemical and energy production markets. It begins with an overview that describes the importance of the GTL industry in relation to the overall U.S. economy, including a brief history and important indications for the GTL industry. Major products and applications are reviewed, and key findings from the study are presented.
Environmental and energy regulations as they apply to GTL are discussed. The structure of the GTL industry and competitive aspects are analyzed, including the driving forces of the industry. Key strategies for staying competitive and important shifts in the industry are assessed. GTL industry trade practices and the impact of GTL on the oil industry are covered.
GTL markets by product type are evaluated, including synfuels and chemicals. These are quantified with forecasts through 2020. Competing markets for gas are discussed, including liquefied natural gas (LNG) and natural gas liquid (NGL). GTL technology is presented by covering patents and markets and investments by technology type. These technology types include Shell Middle Distillate Synthesis (SMDS), Sasol Slurry Phase Distillate (SSPD), Exxon Mobil’s Advanced Gas Conversion for the 21st Century (AGC-21) and Syntroleum process (SP). International GTL aspects also are considered, and major overseas companies involved in GTL processes and their activities are assessed.
Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary 5
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
SCOPE OF REPORT
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
Chapter- 2: SUMMARY 4
KEY FINDINGS OF THIS STUDY
Chapter- 3: OVERVIEW 59
NATURAL GAS VERSUS GAS TO LIQUIDS IN THE TRANSPORTATION SECTOR
MAGNITUDE AND LOCATION OF STRANDED GAS
CARBON REGULATIONS AND GAS-TO-LIQUID MARKET PROSPECTS
FACTORS DRIVING ADOPTION OF GAS-TO-LIQUID PROCESSES
RECENT ACTIVITY OVERVIEW
STRANDED GAS IN THE MIDDLE EAST
GAS-TO-LIQUID INDUSTRY HISTORY
LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS MARKETS
COAL TO LIQUIDS
HYDROGEN SHIFT CONVERSION AND METHANATION
Chapter- 4: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE DEVELOPMENTS 65
TIER 1-LARGE DEVELOPERS AND PATENT HOLDERS
TIER 2: COMPONENT AND ENGINEERING SERVICE SUPPLIERS
TIER 3: DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANIES
SCIENTIFIC, GOVERNMENT AND EDUCATION ORGANIZATIONS
Chapter- 5: GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCT DEMAND FORECASTS 28
TOTAL UNCONVENTIONAL FUEL MARKET
FISCHER-TROPSCH GAS-TO-LIQUID FUEL DEMAND BY PRODUCT TYPE
FISCHER-TROPSCH GAS-TO-LIQUID CHEMICAL DEMAND BY PRODUCT TYPE
GAS-TO-LIQUID CHEMICAL PROCESSING
GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCTS: WAXES
GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCTS: LUBRICANTS
FUELS THAT WILL COMPETE WITH GAS TO LIQUIDS
GROWING GLOBAL LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS DEMAND
RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT POLICIES: EFFECT ON SUPPLY FOR GAS-TO-LIQUID PLANTS
BIOMASS-TO-LIQUID PROJECTS IN EUROPE
BIOFUELS AND RENEWABLE BIOFUELS
OTHER SYNTHETIC CRUDE OILS
Chapter- 6: REGULATORY DRIVERS: THE MACRO ENVIRONMENT 12
EARLY SYNTHETIC FUEL LEGISLATION
DEVELOPMENTS AND TAX INCENTIVES, 2007 TO 2014
CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS TO BECOME A PRIORITY IN LAW AND REGULATION
STATE INITIATIVES RELATIVE TO FUEL CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS
FUEL STANDARDS ARE DRIVING THE ADOPTION OF GAS TO LIQUID
GOVERNMENT FUNDING FOR GAS-TO-LIQUID RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
SNYGAS RESEARCH FUNDING VIA THE HYDROGEN FUEL INITIATIVE
Chapter- 7: NEW TECHNOLOGY AND PATENT ACTIVITY 63
List of Tables
Summary Table : MARKET FOR GAS-TO-LIQUID, COAL-TO-LIQUID AND BIOMASS TO LIQUID PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2020
Table 1 : GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF STRANDED NATURAL GAS RESOURCES BY REGION, 2014
Table 2 : FLARED GAS VOLUMES FROM SATELLITE DATA, 2005-2011
Table 3 : KEY GAS-TO-LIQUID DEMONSTRATION PLANTS
Table 4 : GLOBAL PRINCIPAL GAS-TO-LIQUID PLANTS
Table 5 : GLOBAL LARGE GASIFICATION PLANTS BY OUTPUT
Table 6 : GLOBAL COMMERCIAL SYNFUEL CAPACITY
Table 7 : COMPARATIVE FISCHER-TROPSCH MERITS AND DRAWBACKS
Table 8 : OPERATING AND PLANNED LARGE COAL GASIFICATION AND COAL-TO-LIQUID PLANT STATUS, 2014
Table 9 : GLOBAL PLANNED GASIFICATION UNITS, NOVEMBER 2014
Table 10 : MARKET FOR PRODUCTS PRODUCED BY GAS-TO-LIQUID, COAL-TO-LIQUID AND BIOMASS-TO-LIQUID METHODS, THROUGH 2020
Table 11 : GLOBAL UNCONVENTIONAL LIQUID FUEL MARKET, THROUGH 2020
Table 12 : FISCHER-TROPSCH GAS-TO-LIQUID TRANSPORTATION FUELS MARKET BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2020
Table 13 : FISCHER-TROPSCH GAS-TO-LIQUID CHEMICAL MARKET BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2020
Table 14 : COMMERCIAL BIOMASS-BASED GASIFICATION PLANTS, 2014
Table 15 : COMPANIES ASSIGNED MULTIPLE U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCTION, 2008-2014
List of Figures
Summary Figure : MARKET FOR GAS-TO-LIQUID, COAL-TO-LIQUID AND BIOMASS TO LIQUID PRODUCTS, 2014-2020
Figure 1 : GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCTION OPTIONS, TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND CHEMICALS
Figure 2 : TWO APPROACHES TO PRODUCING LIQUID FUELS FROM COALS