Global Limestone Industry

Global Limestone Industry

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Limestone in Thousand Tons. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2015 through 2022. Also, a six-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 101 companies including many key and niche players such as -

Adelaide Brighton Ltd.
Atlantic Minerals Limited
Buechel Stone Corp.
Carmeuse Group S.A
Elliott Stone Company, Inc.


I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONS

Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1 Disclaimers.............. I-2 Data Interpretation & Reporting Level I-2 Quantitative Techniques & Analytics I-3 Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3 Limestone.............. I-3

II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW.............. II-1 Limestone: One of the Most Essential and Versatile Minerals II-1 Major End-Use Markets for Limestone Products II-3 China: The Dominant Limestone Producing Nation II-3 China Leads in Production of Calcium Carbonate II-3 Table 1: Global GCC Market (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Capacity by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-4

Table 2: Global GCC Market (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Capacity by Country - China, US, Spain, Norway, Austria, France, Germany, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-4

Table 3: Global Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC) Market (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Volume by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-5

Table 4: Global PCC Market (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Capacity by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-5 Economic Uncertainties Affect Market Growth in the Recent Past II-5 Stable Economic Outlook Offers Significant Growth Opportunities II-6 Table 5: World Real GDP Growth Rates (in %) by Country: 2014-2017E (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-8 Global Outlook.............. II-9 Mounting Concerns over Energy Consumption and Emissions to Dictate Limestone Production..............II-9

2. MARKET TRENDS, ISSUES AND DRIVERS II-11 Rising Demand for Cement and the Corresponding Increase in Production Drives Limestone Consumption II-11 Table 6: Global Cement Demand (in Million Metric Tons) by Geographic Region (2010, 2015E & 2020P): Breakdown of Volume Demand for Asia-Pacific, Latin America, North America, Western Europe, and Rest of World (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-13

Table 7: Hydraulic Cement Production (Million Metric Tons) Worldwide: 2010-2015E (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-13 Limestone: Primary Raw Material for Cement Manufacturing II-14 Table 8: Major Raw Materials in Cement Production (2014): Percentage Breakdown for Clay/Sand, Limestone and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-15

Table 9: Raw Materials Cost in Cement Production (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Cement Costs for Limestone, Fuel & Energy, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-15 Major Factors Driving Demand for Cement Worldwide: Ranked in the Order of Importance..............II-15 East Asia & the Middle East: The Preferred Production Base II-16 Table 10: Leading 10 Hydraulic Cement Producing Nations Worldwide (2014): Breakdown of Volume Production (Million Metric Tons) by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-16 Environment-friendly Version of Ordinary Portland Cement ( OPC) to Significantly Reduce CO2 Emissions II-16 Myriad Benefits of Lime/Quicklime Drive Demand in Steel Production.............. II-17 Opportunity Indicators:..............II-18 Table 11: World Crude Steel Production (2005-2014) in Million Tons (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18

Table 12: World Crude Steel Market (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Production by Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-18

Table 13: Asian Production of Crude Steel (2005-2014) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-19

Table 14: World Finished Steel Market (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Production by Category (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-19 Positive Outlook for the Global Construction Industry Benefits Market Expansion.............. II-20 Table 15: Growth in the Global Construction Market by Sector: 2013-2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-22

Table 16: Global Construction Market by Region (2015 & 2020P): Percentage Breakdown of Construction Spending for Asia, Western Europe, North America, Latin America, Eastern Europe, Africa, and Middle East (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-23 Rising Commercial Real Estate Investments Lends Traction to Market Growth.............. II-23 Table 17: Global Commercial Real Estate Market (2014E): Percentage Breakdown of Direct Investments by Region - Americas, Asia-Pacific and EMEA (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-24 Major Infrastructure Development Projects Boosts Market Demand II-25 Table 18: Global Infrastructure Spending Estimates (in US$ Trillion) by Sector over the Period 2013-2030 II-26

Table 19: Global Infrastructure Spending Estimates (in US$ Trillion) by Region/Country over the Period 2010-2030 II-26 Asia-Pacific: A Potential Laden Market Worldwide II-26 Table 20: Global Limestone Market - Geographic Regions Ranked by CAGR for 2015-2022: Asia-Pacific, Rest of World, Europe, China, Canada, the US, Japan, and Latin America (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-27 Flue Gas Desulphurization: A Key Growth Indicator II-27 Paper Industry: Largest Consumer of Ground Calcium Carbonate (GCC).............. II-28 Table 21: Global Ground Calcium Carbonate (GCC) Market by End-Use Application (2014E): Percentage Share Breakdown of Consumption Volume for Paper, Plastics, Paints and Coatings, Adhesives and Sealants, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-28 Nano Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (NPCC) Applications: An Important Growth Driver for Crushed Limestone II-28 Common Applications of NPCC..............II-29 Invention of Self-Healing Bioconcrete from Limestone Bodes Well for the Market..............II-29 Limestone Demonstrates Potential to Reduce Emissions in Carbon Capture.............. II-29 Environmental Usage of Quicklime Progresses Further II-30 Animal Waste Treatment Holds Potential for Quicklime Demand Growth.............. II-31 Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stone: Import- Export Statistics..............II-31 Table 22: Global Export of Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stone (2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Exports by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-31

Table 23: Global Import of Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stone (2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Imports by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-32

3. PRODUCT OVERVIEW.............. II-33 A Prelude.............. II-33 Topography.............. II-33 Formation of Limestone..............II-34 Characteristics.............. II-34 Physical Properties.............. II-35 Dimensions.............. II-35 Slabs.............. II-35 Blocks.............. II-35 Colors.............. II-35 Uses of Limestone.............. II-35 Commercial Types of Limestone..............II-36 Calcium Carbonate..............II-36 Slaked Lime.............. II-36 Lime/Quick Lime/Burnt Lime..............II-37 Hydraulic Lime.............. II-37 Industrial Limestone..............II-37 Limestone Varieties.............. II-37 Chalk.............. II-37 Marble.............. II-37 Travertine.............. II-37 Tufa.............. II-37 Coquina.............. II-37 Carbonatites.............. II-38 Limestone Processing..............II-38 Evaluation.............. II-39 Industrial Applications of Limestone II-39 Uses of Calcium Carbonate..............II-40 Paper Industry.............. II-40 Water Treatment.............. II-40 Concrete Filler.............. II-40 Fertilizer Production..............II-40 Steel Production.............. II-40 Plastics Manufacture..............II-40 The Food Industry..............II-40 Other Uses.............. II-41 Limestone Pricing.............. II-41 Prominent Limestone Deposits..............II-41 Quicklime Overview..............II-41 Lime Production Methods..............II-41 Uses of Quick Lime:..............II-42 Bricks Production.............. II-42 Glass Production..............II-42 Bleaching Powders.............. II-42 Paper Manufacture.............. II-42 Paint Manufacture.............. II-42 Fertilizer Production..............II-42 Plastics Production..............II-42 Usage in Civil Engineering..............II-42 Sludge Treatment..............II-43 Agriculture.............. II-43 Environmental Protection..............II-43 Food, Feed and Pharma Industries II-43 Pure Limestone - A Must for High-Grade Lime Production II-43 A Portable Heat Source..............II-43 Categories of Lime-based Products II-44 Lime Sand Bricks.............. II-44

4. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY..............II-45 Graymont to Reorganize its Operations in the Pacific Northwest II-45 Holcim Ltd and Lafarge SA Complete Merger II-45 LafargeHolcim to Expand Production and Export of Limestone II-45 Polycor, Inc., Acquires Quarries in Maine, Canada, and Oklahoma II-45 Graymont Enters into Agreement with Lheidli T'enneh II-45 Lucky Cement Limited Acquires Permission for Limestone Extraction II-45 Spitfire Resources Acquires White Lion Project Limestone Project II-45 ACG Materials Acquires Art Wilson Company II-46 Durango Resources Inc. Purchases Mayner's Fortune Limestone Property.............. II-46 Graymont Complete Acquisition of Two New Zealand-based Producers II-46 Graymont's New Limestone Operation in Michigan's Upper Peninsula II-46 NALC LLC Establishes a Second Limestone Quarry II-46 Dangote Cement of Nigeria to Build a Plant in Kitui II-46 BMC Enterprises Inc. Acquires Four APAC-Missouri Aggregate Assets II-46 Harrison Gypsum Acquires the Gravel Company, LLC, II-47 Carmeuse Opens New Lime Hydrator at Moha Site II-47 Sagar Cements Ltd. Buys BMM Cements Ltd. II-47 Vanguard Mining Corporation to Acquire Yupolo Resources II-47 Polaris Minerals Acquires Limestone Quarry II-47 NALC USA Corporation Announce Buyout II-47 Vanguard Mining Corporation Signs Agreement with Indonesia's PT Mega Kencana Persada..............II-47 Carmeuse Acquires Majority Interest in Procecal S.A.S. II-48 Mississippi Lime Company Announce Acquisition of Huron Lime II-48

5. FOCUS ON SELECT PLAYERS..............II-49 Adelaide Brighton Ltd. (Australia) II-49 Atlantic Minerals Limited (Canada) II-49 Buechel Stone Corp. (US)..............II-49 Carmeuse Group S.A. (Belgium)..............II-50 Elliott Stone Company, Inc. (US) II-50 Xella International GmbH (Germany) II-50 Fels-Werke GmbH (Germany)..............II-50 Graymont Limited (Canada)..............II-51 Grupo Calidra (Mexico)..............II-51 Independent Limestone Company, LLC (US) II-51 Indiana Limestone Company, Inc. (US) II-52 LafargeHolcim Ltd. (Switzerland) II-52 Lhoist Group (Belgium)..............II-52 Mississippi Lime Company (US)..............II-53 Mitsubishi Materials Corporation (Japan) II-53 Nittetsu Mining Co., Ltd. (Japan) II-54 North American Limestone Corporation (US) II-54 Schaefer Kalk GmbH & Co KG (Germany) II-54 Sumitomo Osaka Cement Co., Ltd. (Japan) II-54 Taiheiyo Cement Group (Japan)..............II-55 Tarmac (UK).............. II-55 Todaka Mining Co. Ltd. (Japan) II-55 UBE Material Industries, Ltd. (Japan) II-56

6. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE..............II-57 Table 24: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excl. Japan & China), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-57

Table 25: World Historic Review for Limestone by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excl. Japan & China), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-58

Table 26: World 14-Year Perspective for Limestone by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excl. Japan & China), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-59

III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES.............. III-1 A.Market Analysis.............. III-1 Outlook.............. III-1 Resurgence in Cement Production to Drive Market Demand III-1 Demand for High-Calcium Limestone to Surge III-1 Production Capacity of Calcium Carbonate III-2 Table 27: US Calcium Carbonate Market (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Capacity by Segment - Merchant GCC, Satellite PCC, and Merchant PCC (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-2 US Limestone Deposits: An Overview III-2 Limestone & Dolomite Production in the US III-3 Table 28: Limestone & Dolomite Production in the US (2010-2013) (In Million Metric Tons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-3 Dimension and Crushed Stone Production in the US III-4 Table 29: Dimension Stone Production in the US by Type (2015E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Production (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4

Table 30: Crushed Stone Production in the US by Type (2015E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Production (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4 Some Issues Associated with Limestone Mining III-4 Environmental Regulations on Lime Production III-5 Competitive Landscape: Leading Lime Producers in the US III-5 Table 31: Leading Lime Companies in the US (2014): Percentage Share Breakdown for Carmeuse Lime Inc., Martin Marietta Materials, Lhorst Group, United States Lime and Minerals Inc., and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-5 Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stones: EXIM Statistics.............. III-6 Table 32: US Exports of Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stones (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Exports by Destination Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-6

Table 33: US Imports of Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stones (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Imports by Country of Origin (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-6 Recent Industry Activity..............III-6 Select Key Players..............III-8 B.Market Analytics..............III-10 Table 34: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-10

Table 35: US Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-11

2. CANADA.............. III-12 A.Market Analysis.............. III-12 Outlook.............. III-12 Table 36: Canadian Limestone Market (2015E): Percentage Share Breakdown by End-Use Sectors (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-12 Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stones: Exports and Imports..............III-13 Table 37: Canadian Exports of Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stones (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Exports by Destination Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-13

Table 38: Canadian Imports of Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stones (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Imports by Country of Origin (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-13 Recent Industry Activity..............III-13 Select Key Players..............III-14 B.Market Analytics..............III-15 Table 39: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-15

Table 40: Canadian Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-16

3. JAPAN.............. III-17 A.Market Analysis.............. III-17 Outlook.............. III-17 Select Key Players..............III-17 B.Market Analytics..............III-19 Table 41: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-19

Table 42: Japanese Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-20

4. EUROPE.............. III-21 A.Market Analysis.............. III-21 Outlook.............. III-21 Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stones: EXIM Statistics.............. III-21 Table 43: European Imports of Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stones (2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Exports by Destination Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-21

Table 44: European Exports of Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stones (2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Exports by Destination Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-21 B.Market Analytics..............III-22 Table 45: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-22

Table 46: European Historic Review for Limestone by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-23

Table 47: European 14-Year Perspective for Limestone by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Consumption for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-24

4a. FRANCE.............. III-25 A.Market Analysis.............. III-25 Outlook.............. III-25 B.Market Analytics..............III-25 Table 48: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-25

Table 49: French Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-26

4b. GERMANY.............. III-27 A.Market Analysis.............. III-27 Outlook.............. III-27 Select Key Players..............III-27 B.Market Analytics..............III-28 Table 50: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-28

Table 51: German Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-29

4c. ITALY.............. III-30 A.Market Analysis.............. III-30 Outlook.............. III-30 B.Market Analytics..............III-30 Table 52: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-30

Table 53: Italian Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-31

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM..............III-32 A.Market Analysis.............. III-32 Market Overview.............. III-32 Table 54: Limestone and Dolomite Mining Facilities in the United Kingdom by Region: 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-32 Tarmac Limited - A Major UK-Based Company III-32 B.Market Analytics..............III-33 Table 55: UK Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-33

Table 56: UK Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-34

4e. SPAIN.............. III-35 A.Market Analysis.............. III-35 Outlook.............. III-35 B.Market Analytics..............III-35 Table 57: Spanish Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-35

Table 58: Spanish Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-36

4f. RUSSIA.............. III-37 A.Market Analysis.............. III-37 Outlook.............. III-37 B.Market Analytics..............III-37 Table 59: Russian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-37

Table 60: Russian Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-38

4g. REST OF EUROPE.............. III-39 A.Market Analysis.............. III-39 Outlook.............. III-39 Interior Decoration Application to Drive Portuguese Limestone Market.............. III-39 Recent Industry Activity..............III-39 Select Key Players..............III-40 B.Market Analytics..............III-41 Table 61: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-41

Table 62: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-42

5. CHINA.............. III-43 A.Market Analysis.............. III-43 Outlook.............. III-43 China: The Dominant Limestone Producing Nation III-43 Inadequacy in Supplying Superior Quality Limestone - Opportunity Lost.............. III-43 EXIM Statistics:..............III-44 Table 63: Chinese Exports of Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stones (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Exports by Month (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-44

Table 64: Chinese Imports of Limestone Flux, Limestone and Other Calcareous Stones (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Imports by Month (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-44 B.Market Analytics..............III-45 Table 65: Chinese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-45

Table 66: Chinese Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-46

6. ASIA-PACIFIC.............. III-47 A.Market Analysis.............. III-47 Outlook.............. III-47 Asia-Pacific Offers Huge Growth Opportunities III-47 Table 67: Global Limestone Market - Geographic Regions Ranked by CAGR for 2015-2022: Asia-Pacific, Rest of World, Europe, China, Canada, the US, Japan, and Latin America (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-47 B.Market Analytics..............III-48 Table 68: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone by Geographic Region - India and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48

Table 69: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Limestone by Geographic Region - India and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-49

Table 70: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for Limestone by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Consumption for India and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-50

6a. INDIA.............. III-51 A.Market Analysis.............. III-51 Outlook.............. III-51 Limestone Mining in India..............III-51 Depleting Reserves to Affect Cement Industry III-51 Recent Industry Activity..............III-51 B.Market Analytics..............III-52 Table 71: Indian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-52

Table 72: Indian Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-53

6b. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC..............III-54 A.Market Analysis.............. III-54 Outlook.............. III-54 Select Regional Analysis..............III-54 Australia.............. III-54 Overview of Mining Industry..............III-54 Bangladesh.............. III-54 Largest Limestone Deposit Discovery III-54 Recent Industry Activity..............III-55 Adelaide Brighton Ltd. (Australia) - A Key Player III-55 B.Market Analytics..............III-56 Table 73: Rest of Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-56

Table 74: Rest of Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-57

7. LATIN AMERICA.............. III-58 Market Analysis.............. III-58 Table 75: Latin American Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone by Geographic Region - Brazil, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-58

Table 76: Latin American Historic Review for Limestone by Geographic Region - Brazil, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-59

Table 77: Latin American 14-Year Perspective for Limestone by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Consumption for Brazil, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-60

7a. BRAZIL.............. III-61 Market Analysis.............. III-61 Table 78: Brazilian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-61

Table 79: Brazilian Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-62

7b. MEXICO.............. III-63 A.Market Analysis.............. III-63 Grupo Calidra - A Major Mexico-Based Company III-63 B.Market Analytics..............III-63 Table 80: Mexican Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-63

Table 81: Mexican Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-64

7c. REST OF LATIN AMERICA..............III-65 Market Analysis.............. III-65 Table 82: Rest of Latin America Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-65

Table 83: Rest of Latin America Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-66

8. REST OF WORLD.............. III-67 A.Market Analysis.............. III-67 Outlook.............. III-67 Select Regional Analysis..............III-67 Jamaica: A Future Contender in Limestone III-67 South Africa: A Market with Huge Potential III-67 Recent Industry Activity..............III-67 B.Market Analytics..............III-68 Table 84: Rest of World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-68

Table 85: Rest of World Historic Review for Limestone Market Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-69

IV. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

Total Companies Profiled: 101 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 106)

The United States (31) Canada (5) Japan (8) Europe (40) - France (1) - Germany (8) - The United Kingdom (12) - Rest of Europe (19) Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) (20) Latin America (1) Africa (1)