Global Water Market 2014: Meeting the world’s water and wastewater needs until 2018

Global Water Market 2014: Meeting the world’s water and wastewater needs until 2018

Overview

Updated, rewritten and expanded Global Water Market 2014 is an essential tool for planning your business strategy over the next five years:
• Country chapters have been extended to include exclusive information on procurement models and supply chains unique to each country market
• Our most comprehensive country trend reports to date – they now include expanded forecasts and historical trends
• Company profiles of major international players, so you can assess your position in the market against the dominant global players
• Global and country-by-country forecasts – your guide to the best opportunities for the private sector
• Comprehensive introduction to the water cycle

The global economic recovery may have been slow and the municipal market disappointing, but lucrative opportunities are still emerging providing you have access to exclusive market intelligence.

Global Water Market 2014 identifies the best global opportunities for private sector participation and investment over the next five years. The report is an essential resource for planning your business strategy and for expanding your business into these profitable country markets. It provides in-depth and exclusive information on emerging trends and opportunities, why it is worth your investment and how to get involved at the earliest stages. In-depth country chapters for the most significant water markets explain market structures, government policies and reveal exclusive current and future project information – providing you with deep market insight that will give you the edge over your regional competitors.

A comprehensive introduction to the global water industry

The report also provides a complete introduction to the water market. It covers the entire water cycle - including an overview of market dynamics, procurement systems, finance, technologies and industrial water; profiles of the most important market players; and an explanation of our market forecast.

Compiling information, forecasts and data for all the key markets into a single resource, this unique report allows you to compare the best opportunities for your business. Accompanying datasets on CD-ROM allow you to manipulate and extract this fresh data to create and present your business strategy. Now more than ever, Global Water Market is the essential resource for your business planning.

Features for 2014

Expanded country profiles - how to access the market
A brand new section at the end of each country chapter on procurement models and supply chains gives invaluable advice from market insiders on how to do business in that country. By interviewing over 300 industry experts – including consulting engineers, equipment suppliers with an existing market presence, ministries and procurement agencies – we reveal how the market really works in practice.

To guarantee success in new markets, this report gives you crucial inside information researched using our excellent network of contacts.

The report reveals:
• The procurement processes and market penetration strategies that international companies need to use in order to access new markets
• Supply chain analysis including key market players
• The relationships you need to form with consultants, contractors, operators and equipment suppliers for success
• Possible ways to enter the supply chain alongside the dominant market players

Country trend reports

The country snapshots of 2011 have been upgraded to ‘country trend reports’, as they now offer an overview of historical trends and expanded forecasts on the water and wastewater treatment industry for each country. These short reports are essential reference tools for your presentations and reports - presenting all the vital data, information and indicators you need for each country in easily accessible tables, graphs and charts.

At a glance, you have access to:
• Market forecasts for water and wastewater utilities
• Historical data and future trends for the water and wastewater treatment industry
• Current and future projects

Global and country-by-country market forecast categories

Utility capital expenditure

By project type
• Water treatment plants
• Water networks
• Water resources
• Wastewater treatment plants
• Wastewater networks
• Desalination plants

By equipment
• Pipes
• Pumps
• Valves
• Screening / grit removal
• Agitation / mixing / settling
• Aeration
• Non-membrane filtration
• Disinfection
• Chemical feed systems
• Automation and control systems
• Testing and laboratory analysis
• Meters
• Low pressure membranes (MF/UF)
• High pressure membranes (RO/NF)
• Thermal process equipment
• Ion exchange / EDI / Adsorption
• Sludge thickening / dewatering
• Anaerobic digestion
• Sludge drying / thermal sludge treatment processes
• Other sludge stabilisation
• Other equipment

Utility operating expenditure

By service
• Water
• Wastewater

Expenditure on water treatment chemicals

• Coagulants and flocculants
• Corrosion / scale inhibitors
• Biocides
• Activated carbon
• Ion exchange resins
• pH adjustment

Global forecasts

Industrial sectors, including top country markets
• Oil and gas
• Refining and petrochemicals
• Power
• Food and beverage
• Pharmaceutical
• Microelectronics
• Pulp and paper
• Mining
• Other

In-depth country chapters: featured countries and contents

For each of the 27 in-depth country profiles the report covers:
• Context and overview of market challenges
• Water sector organisation and structure
• Government’s water strategy
• Water availability and demand
• Municipal water and wastewater infrastructure
• Water finance
• Private sector participation
• Procurement models process
• Supply chain analysis
• Current and future key projects
• Future market direction
• Market forecast

Global Water Market provides in-depth country profiles for:
Algeria
Australia
Brazil
Chile
China
Colombia
Egypt
France
Germany
India
Indonesia
Italy
Japan
Malaysia
Mexico
Nigeria
Peru
Philippines
Romania
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
South Africa
Spain
UAE
UK
USA
Vietnam

Countries covered by country trend reports:

Angola
Argentina
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgium
Bolivia
Bulgaria
Cameroon
Canada
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Estonia
Ethiopia
Finland
Ghana
Greece
Guatemala
Honduras
Hungary
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Korea, Republic
Kuwait
Latvia
Lebanon
Libya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Morocco
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Paraguay
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Serbia
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Sweden
Switzerland
Taiwan
Tanzania
Thailand
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Uganda
Ukraine
Uruguay
Venezuela
Yemen

Who should read this report

Major water companies – asses your position in the market against other competing, global players and increase your market share with exclusive information on emerging opportunities. Identify which segments of your business are best suited to new markets and opportunities with our analysis of the market structures, procurement processes and supply chains unique to each region.
Investors and financiers – identify the best investment opportunities over the next 5 years with our in-depth country profiles and country trend reports. We show you the historical trends and forecast future developments for around 100 countries, so you can identify the projects and markets which promise the best return on your investment.
Equipment suppliers, engineers and consultants – find out about procurement models and supply chains, so you can understand how to succeed in new markets from the perspective of industry insiders. You can track the major projects being developed and find out which water challenges will create opportunities for your services.
Policy makers, water utilities and aid agencies – find detailed examples on organisational structure, financial mechanisms and operational management.

Volume 1: Introduction and The Americas

Publication information ii
Unit conversion factors used in this publication v
Exchange rates used in this publication v
Indicators of utility service coverage vi
Indicators of water service coverage vi
Indicators of wastewater service coverage vi
Executive summary vii
Five big themes vii
Top markets vii
Brazil vii
China vii
India vii
United States of America vii
Evolution of capital expenditure in the top four markets, 2011-2018 viii
Rapidly-growing markets viii
Colombia viii
Indonesia viii
Malaysia viii
Mexico viii
Russia viii
Evolution of rapidly-growing markets, 2011-2018 ix
Large, established markets ix
Australia ix
France ix
Germany ix
Japan ix
United Kingdom ix
Saudi Arabia x
Evolution of capital expenditure in established markets, 2011-2018 x
Summary x
Total capital expendititure, 2011 and 2018 x

1. Introduction 1
1.1 What is the global water market? 1
Figure 1.1 The global water-related economy 1
Figure 1.2 The global water treatment and distribution market 2
Figure 1.3 The global water market: Capital expenditure 2
Figure 1.4 The global water market: Operating expenditure 2
1.2 Water resources development 2
Figure 1.5 Water withdrawal by sector, 2011 3
Figure 1.6 Water risk in 2030 3
Figure 1.7 Raw water sources for utilities and industry in 2011 4
Figure 1.8 Raw water sources for utilities and industry in 2030 4
1.2.1 Expenditure on water resources development 4
Figure 1.9 The water resources development market 2011-2018 5
Figure 1.10 Cost comparison of different water scarcity solutions 5
1.2.2 The desalination market 6
Figure 1.11 Global cumulative contracted and commissioned desalination capacity, 1965-2012 6
Figure 1.12 Annual new contracted and commissioned capacity, 1980-2011 6
1.2.2.1 Desalination technologies 7
Figure 1.13 Annual new contracted desalination capacity by technology, 2006-2012 8
Figure 1.14 Total worldwide installed desalination capacity by feedwater quality 8
1.2.2.2 Expenditure on desalination 9
Figure 1.15 Global seawater and brackish water desalination market, 2011-2018
Figure 1.16 Top 10 desalination markets, 2011-2018 9
1.2.2.3 Desalination market participants 10
Figure 1.17 Top 20 EPC contractors by capacity, 2006-2012 10
1.3 Networks 10
Figure 1.18 Water and wastewater network expenditure capital and operating costs, 2013 11
Figure 1.19 Water network capital expenditure by category, 2013 11
Figure 1.20 Wastewater network capital expenditure by category, 2013 11
Figure 1.21 Water and wastewater network capital expenditure, 2011-2018 12
Figure 1.22 Water network capital expenditure by category, 2011-2018 12
Figure 1.23 Wastewater network capital expenditure by category, 2011-2018 12
Figure 1.24 Municipal water network market by region 13
Figure 1.25 The top 10 municipal water network markets, 2013-2017 13
Figure 1.26 Municipal wastewater network market by region, 2011-2018 14
Figure 1.27 The top 10 municipal wastewater network markets, 2013-2017 14
1.3.1 Equipment forecast definitions and explanations 15
1.3.1.1 Pipes 15
1.3.1.2 Pumps 15
1.3.1.3 Valves / fittings 15
1.3.1.4 Automation and control 15
1.3.1.5 Meters 15
1.3.1.6 Design and engineering 15
1.3.1.7 Civil engineering 15
1.3.2 Network market analysis 15
1.3.3 Network-related equipment 15
1.3.3.1 Pipes 15
Figure 1.28 Total pipe market by material, 2013 16
Figure 1.29 Major pipe suppliers 16
1.3.4 Network maintenance 17
Figure 1.30 Network maintenance expenditure, 2011 17
1.3.5 Pumps 17
Figure 1.31 Pump market by application, 2013 17
Figure 1.32 Pump market forecast, 2011-2018 18
Figure 1.33 Major pump suppliers active in the water sector 18
1.3.6 Valves 19
Figure 1.34 Water valve market by application, 2013 19
Figure 1.35 Water valve market forecast, 2011-2018 19
Figure 1.36 Major water valve manufacturers 20
1.3.7 Meters, automation and control 20
Figure 1.37 Major companies in the water meter market 20
1.4 Water and wastewater treatment 20
Figure 1.38 Water and wastewater treatment: Industrial and municipal, 2013 20
Figure 1.39 Municipal water treatment market forecast, 2011-2018 21
Figure 1.40 Municipal water treatment plant market by region. 2011-2018 21
Figure 1.41 The top 10 municipal water treatment markets, 2013-2017 22
Figure 1.42 Municipal wastewater treatment market forecast, 2011-2018 23
Figure 1.43 Municipal wastewater treatment plant market by region, 2011-2018 23
Figure 1.44 The top 10 municipal wastewater treatment markets, 2013-2017 24
1.4.1 Water and wastewater treatment plant equipment forecast definitions 24
1.4.1.1 Screening / grit removal 24
1.4.1.2 Agitation / mixing / settling equipment 24
1.4.1.3 Aeration / flotation 24
1.4.1.4 Non-membrane filtration 24
1.4.1.5 Disinfection (chlorination, UV, ozonation) 25
1.4.1.6 Chemical feed systems 25
1.4.1.7 Test 25
1.4.1.8 Low pressure membrane elements (MF / UF) 25
1.4.1.9 High pressure membrane elements (RO/NF) 25
1.4.1.10 Ion exchange / EDI / adsorption 25
1.4.1.11 Sludge management 25
Sludge thickening / dewatering 25
Anaerobic digestion (sludge) 25
Sludge drying / thermal processes 25
Other sludge stabilisation 25
1.4.1.12 Other equipment 25
1.4.2 The water and wastewater treatment plant market 26
Figure 1.45 International water and wastewater treatment plant suppliers 26
1.4.3 Treatment plant procurement 27
Figure 1.46 Water and wastewater treatment plant market share by contracting model 29
1.5 The water treatment equipment market 29
1.5.1 The membrane market 29
Figure 1.47 Membrane pore size and separation potential 29
Figure 1.48 MF/UF and RO/NF membrane market 30
Figure 1.49 MF/UF and RO/NF membrane markets by sector 30
Figure 1.50 Low pressure membrane suppliers: market share of plants with a capacity over 10,000 m³/d 31
1.5.2 The ion exchange and adsorption market 31
Figure 1.51 The ion exchange and adsorption media market, 2013 32
Figure 1.52 The ion exchange and adsorption media market, 2013-2018 32
Figure 1.53 Major companies in the ion exchange market 32
Figure 1.54 Major companies in the electrodionisation market 33
1.5.3 The disinfection market 33
Figure 1.55 The disinfection capital equipment market, 2013 33
Figure 1.56 The disinfection capital equipment market, 2013-2018 34
1.5.4 The water quality testing market 34
Figure 1.57 The water quality testing market, 2013 34
Figure 1.58 The water quality testing market, 2013-2018 35
1.6 The water operations sector 35
1.6.1 Overview of global operating expenditure 35
Figure 1.59 Total utility water and wastewater operating expenditure, 2013 36
Figure 1.60 Operating expenditure breakdown for WTPs and WWTPs, 2013 36
Figure 1.61 Operating expenditure breakdown for water and wastewater networks, 2013 37
Figure 1.62 Operating expenditure breakdown for non-water infrastructure items, 2013 38
Figure 1.63 Total utility water and wastewater operating expenditure breakdown, 2013 38
1.6.2 The private water operations market 38
1.6.2.1 The private water operations market since 2000 39
Figure 1.64 Number of people served under new private sector participation contracts 39
1.6.3 Private water operators 40
Figure 1.65 The top 50 private water operators 40
1.7 Introduction to the industrial water market 41
Figure 1.66 UPW, seawater desalination and wastewater desalination by industrial segment, 2011-2018 42
Figure 1.67 Industry-specific forecast categories and overall forecast categories 43
1.8 Oil and gas 44
Figure 1.68 Oil and gas industry market forecast, 2011-2018 45
Figure 1.69 Oil and gas industry, top country markets, 2013-2017 46
1.8.1 Forecasts 46
1.8.1.1 Unconventional gas 46
Figure 1.70 Oil and gas industry, unconventional gas combined by region, 2011-2018 47
1.8.1.2 Steam and water flood systems 47
Figure 1.71 Oil and gas industry, steam and water flood systems, by region 2011-2018 47
1.8.1.3 Produced water treatment systems 48
Figure 1.72 Oil and gas industry, produced water treatment systems by region, 2011-2018 48
1.9 Refining and petrochemicals 48
Figure 1.73 Future refining projects, 2012-2020 48
Figure 1.74 Future additional refining capacity by country, 2012-2017 49
1.9.1 Forecast assumptions 49
Figure 1.75 Refining and petrochemicals industry market forecast, 2011-2018 50
Figure 1.76 Refining and petrochemicals industry, top country markets, 2013-2017 50
Figure 1.77 Refining and petrochemicals industry: regional markets, 2013-2017 51
1.9.2 Seawater desalination 51
Figure 1.78 Refining and petrochemicals industry, seawater desalination by region, 2011-2018 51
1.10 Power 51
1.10.1 Overall picture 52
Figure 1.79 Power industry market forecast, 2011-2018 52
Figure 1.80 Power industry, top country markets, 2013-2017 53
Figure 1.81 Power industry: regional markets, 2013-2017 53
1.10.2 Forecast assumptions 53
Figure 1.82 Power industry, seawater desalination by region, 2011-2018 54
Figure 1.83 Power industry, water and ww treatment ex. seawater desalination, by region 2011-2018 54
Figure 1.84 Power industry, co-located power/desalination by region, 2011-2018 55
1.11 Food and beverage 55
Figure 1.85 Food and beverage industry market forecast, 2011-2018 56
Figure 1.86 Food and beverage industry, top country markets, 2013-2017 56
1.11.1 Forecast assumptions 56
Figure 1.87 Food and beverage industry by region, 2011-2018 57
1.12 Pharmaceutical 57
Figure 1.88 Pharmaceutical industry market forecast, 2011-2018 58
Figure 1.89 Pharmaceutical industry, top country markets, 2013-2017 58
1.12.1 Forecast assumptions 58
Figure 1.90 Pharmaceutical industry market forecast by region, 2011-2018 59
1.13 Microelectronics 59
1.13.1 Fabrication plant (fab) projects 59
1.13.2 Overall picture 60
Figure 1.91 Microelectronics industry market forecast, 2011-2025 60
1.13.3 Regional trends 60
Figure 1.92 Microelectronics industry, top country markets, 2013-2017 61
1.13.4 Forecast assumptions 61
Figure 1.93 Microelectronics industry by region, 2011-2018 61
1.14 Pulp and paper 62
Figure 1.94 Pulp and paper industry market forecast, 2011-2018 62
Figure 1.95 Pulp and paper industry, top country markets, 2013-2017 63
1.14.1 Forecast assumptions 63
Figure 1.96 Pulp and paper industry by region, 2011-2018 63
1.15 Mining 63
1.15.1 Mining projects 64
Figure 1.97 An overview of future mining projects 64
1.15.2 Forecast assumptions 64
1.15.3 Overall picture 64
Figure 1.98 Mining industry market forecast, 2011-2018 65
Figure 1.99 Mining industry, top country markets, 2013-2017 65
Figure 1.100 Mining industry, regional markets, 2013-2017 65
1.15.4 Seawater desalination 66
Figure 1.101 Mining industry, seawater desalination by region, 2011-2018 66
1.15.5 Water and wastewater treatment ex. seawater desalination 66
Figure 1.102 Mining industry, water and ww treatment ex. seawater desalination by region, 2011-2018 66
1.16 Summary of technology trends 67
1.17 Industrial equipment forecast 68
Figure 1.103 Overall industrial equipment market forecast by industry, 2011-2018 68
Figure 1.104 Overall industrial equipment market forecast by equipment line, 2011-2018 68
Figure 1.105 Oil & gas equipment market forecast, 2011-2018 69
Figure 1.106 Refining & petrochemicals equipment market forecast, 2011-2018 70
Figure 1.107 Power equipment market forecast, 2011-2018 70
Figure 1.108 Food & beverage equipment market forecast, 2011-2018 71
Figure 1.109 Pharmaceuticals equipment market forecast, 2011-2018 72
Figure 1.110 Microelectronics equipment market forecast, 2011-2018 72
Figure 1.111 Pulp & paper equipment market forecast, 2011-2018 73
Figure 1.112 Mining equipment market forecast, 2011-2018 74
Figure 1.113 Other industries' equipment market forecast, 2011-2018 74
1.18 Chemicals 75
Figure 1.114 Municipal and industrial chemicals forecast, 2011-2018 75
1.19 The industrial outsourcing market 76
1.19.1 Overview 76
Figure 1.115 The industrial outsourcing market size 76
1.19.2 Industrial water utilities 76
Figure 1.116 Major industrial utilities 77
1.19.3 BOT, DBO and O&M contracts for industrial process water and wastewater systems 77
Figure 1.117 Major players in the BOT, DBO, and O&M contracts market 78
Figure 1.118 Regional and contract segmentation of the BOT, DBO, and O&M contracts market 78
1.19.4 Emergency water services 78
Figure 1.119 Major players in the emergency water services market 79
1.19.5 Service contracts 79
Figure 1.120 Major players in the service contracts market 79
1.19.6 Trucking and disposal well services 79
1.19.6.1 Challenges affecting the market 80
1.19.6.2 Market characteristics 80
Figure 1.121 Target market categories and industries 81
1.19.7 Opportunities in industrial outsourcing in different industrial markets 81
1.19.7.1 Oil & gas 81
Upstream O&G: conventional 81
Figure 1.122 Water treatment processes in the oil and gas sector 81
Upstream O&G: Oil sands & heavy oil 82
Upstream O&G: Shale 82
Upstream O&G: CSG/CBM 82
1.19.7.2 Mining 83
1.19.7.3 Power 83
1.19.7.4 Petrochemicals 83
1.19.7.5 Pharmaceuticals and cosmetics 84
1.19.7.6 Food & Beverage 84
1.19.8 Conclusion 84
1.20 Global market forecast 85
1.20.1 Utility forecast methodology 85
1.20.2 Industrial forecast methodology 85
1.20.3 Desalination forecast methodology 86
1.20.4 Equipment forecast methodology 86
Figure 1.123 Standard AACE cost estimating guidelines 86
1.20.5 Global market forecast summary 88
Figure 1.124 Market forecast, 2011-2018 88
Figure 1.125 Market forecast breakdown, 2013 89
Figure 1.126 Market forecast data, 2011-2018 90
1.21 Major water companies 92
1.21.1 Abengoa 92
Water revenues 92
Figure 1.127 Breakdown of Abengoa's revenues by segment 92
Development 92
Figure 1.128 Structure of Abengoa group, 2013 92
Market position 93
Figure 1.129 Abengoa's main references in the water market 93
Strategy 93
1.21.2 Acciona Agua 94
Water-related revenues 94
Development 94
Market position 94
Strategy 94
1.21.3 ACWA Power International 95
Water revenues 95
Development 95
Market position 95
Strategy 95
Desalination interests 96
1.21.4 AECOM Technology Corporation 96
Water revenues 96
Development 96
Market position 96
Strategy 97
Desalination interests 97
1.21.5 American Water 98
Water-related revenues 98
Figure 1.130 Structure of American Water 98
Development 98
Market position 99
Strategy 99
1.21.6 Aqua America 100
Water revenues 100
Development 100
Market position 100
Strategy 101
1.21.7 aqualia 101
Water-related revenues 101
Development 101
Market position 102
Strategy 102
1.21.8 Black & Veatch 102
Water-related revenues 102
Development 102
Market position 102
Strategy 103
1.21.9 CH2M Hill 103
Water revenues 103
Development 103
Market position 103
Strategy 104
1.21.10 Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction 104
Water revenues 104
Development 104
Market position 104
Strategy 105
Desalination interests 105
1.21.11 Dow Water & Process Solutions 106
Water-related revenues 106
Development 106
Market position 106
Strategy 106
1.21.12 Ecolab (including Nalco) 107
Water revenues 107
Development 107
Figure 1.131 Structure of Ecolab 108
Market position 108
Strategy 108
1.21.13 GE Water 109
Water revenues 109
Development 109
Figure 1.132 Structure of GE Water 109
Market position 110
Strategy 110
1.21.14 GS Engineering & Construction 111
Water revenues 111
Figure 1.133 Sales of GS Engineering & Construction, breakdown by segment 111
Development 111
Market position & financials 111
Strategy 112
Desalination interests 112
1.21.15 Hyflux 113
Water revenues 113
Figure 1.134 Hyflux's revenues by segment 113
Development 113
Market position 113
Strategy 114
Desalination interests 114
1.21.16 IDE Technologies 115
Water revenues 115
Development 115
Market position 115
Strategy 115
Desalination interests 116
1.21.17 Kemira Oyj 116
Water-related revenues 116
Figure 1.135 Structure of Kemira 116
Development 116
Market position 116
Strategy 117
Desalination interests 117
1.21.18 Kurita Water Industries 117
Water revenues 117
Figure 1.136 Kurita Water Industries' revenues, breakdown by markets 117
Development 117
Market position 118
Strategy 118
Desalination interests 118
1.21.19 Korea Water Resources Corporation (K-Water) 118
Water revenues 118
Figure 1.137 Korean Water Resources Corporation's annual results, 2010-2011 118
Development 118
Market position 119
Strategy 119
Desalination interests 120
1.21.20 Marubeni Corporation 120
Water revenues 120
Figure 1.138 Marubeni Corporation's net income, by segments and divisions, 2011 120
Development 120
Market position 120
Figure 1.139 Marubeni's equity investments and EPC references 121
Strategy 121
Desalination interests 122
Figure 1.140 Marubeni's IWPP references 122
1.21.21 Metito 122
Water revenues 122
Development 122
Market position 122
Strategy 123
Desalination interests 123
1.21.22 Mitsubishi companies 124
Water revenues 124
Figure 1.141 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries' net sales by segments 124
Development 124
Ownership & financial performance 124
Market position 125
Strategy 125
Desalination interests 126
1.21.23 Mitsui & Co. 126
Water revenues 126
Figure 1.142 Mitsui & Co, net income by segments 126
Development 126
Ownership 127
Company structure 127
Figure 1.143 Structure of Mitsui & Co. 127
Market position 128
Figure 1.144 Investment Project References, December 2012 128
Strategy 128
Desalination interests 129
1.21.24 Pentair 130
Water-related revenues 130
Figure 1.145 Structure of Pentair 130
Development 130
Market position 130
Strategy 131
1.21.25 Puncak Niaga 131
Water revenues 131
Figure 1.146 Puncak Niaga Sdn Bhd's annual results, 2011-2012 131
Development 131
Market position 132
Strategy 132
1.21.26 Sembcorp 133
Water revenues 133
Figure 1.147 Sembcorp's turnover by segments by activities 133
Development 133
Company data 133
Market position & outlook 134
Strategy 134
Desalination interests 134
1.21.27 Severn Trent plc 135
Water-related revenues 135
Figure 1.148 Structure of Severn Trent 135
Development 135
Market position 135
Strategy 135
1.21.28 Siemens Water Technologies 136
Water-related revenues 136
Development 136
Figure 1.149 Structure of Siemens Water Technologies 136
Market position 137
Figure 1.150 Siemens Water Technologies offering and legacy brands as of April 2013 137
Strategy 138
Figure 1.151 The six technology areas where Siemens Water aims to develop its leadership 138
1.21.29 Suez Environnement 138
Water revenues 138
Development 138
Figure 1.152 Structure of Suez Environnement 139
Figure 1.153 Suez Environnement data 139
Market position 140
Strategy 142
1.21.30 VA Tech Wabag 142
Water revenues 142
Figure 1.154 VA Tech Wabag results (for year ending the 31st of March) 142
Figure 1.155 Ownership 142
Development 142
Market position 143
Figure 1.156 Revenue split, 2011-2012 143
Strategy 143
Desalination interests 144
1.21.31 Veolia Environnement 144
Water revenues 144
Development and ownership 144
Figure 1.157 Structure of Veolia Environnement 145
Figure 1.158 Veolia Environnement data 145
Market position 146
Strategy 147
1.21.32 Xylem 148
Water-related revenues 148
Figure 1.159 Structure of Xylem 148
Development 148
Market position 149
Strategy 149

2. Argentina 150
2.1 Main indicators 150
Figure 2.1 Population projections, 2010-2020 150
Figure 2.2 Economic indicators 150
2.2 Water availability and demand 150
Figure 2.3 Water resources 150
Figure 2.4 Sectoral water withdrawal 150
2.3 Municipal water 150
Figure 2.5 Water supply indicators 150
Figure 2.6 Percentage of people connected to water network 151
Figure 2.7 Meter coverage 151
Figure 2.8 Non-revenue water 151
2.4 Municipal wastewater 152
Figure 2.9 Wastewater indicators 152
Figure 2.10 Percentage of people connected to wastewater network 152
Figure 2.11 Wastewater treated to secondary level 152
2.5 Private sector participation 153
Figure 2.12 Private contracts 153
2.6 Market forecast 154
Figure 2.13 Market forecast, 2011-2018 154
Figure 2.14 Market forecast breakdown, 2013 155
Figure 2.15 Market forecast data, 2011-2018 156

3. Bolivia 158
3.1 Main indicators 158
Figure 3.1 Population projections, 2010-2020 158
Figure 3.2 Economic indicators 158
3.2 Water availability and demand 158
Figure 3.3 Water resources 158
Figure 3.4 Sectoral water withdrawal 158
3.3 Municipal water 158
Figure 3.5 Water supply indicators 158
3.4 Municipal wastewater 159
Figure 3.6 Wastewater indicators 159
3.5 Private sector participation 159
Figure 3.7 Private contracts 159
3.6 Market forecast 160
Figure 3.8 Market forecast, 2011-2018 160
Figure 3.9 Market forecast breakdown, 2013 161
Figure 3.10 Market forecast data, 2011-2018 162

4. Brazil 164
4.1 Overview of indicators 164
Figure 4.1 Population projections, 2010-2020 164
Figure 4.2 Economic indicators 164
4.2 Context and overview of challenges 164
4.2.1 Organisation of the territory 164
Figure 4.3 Brazil's territorial regions 165
Figure 4.4 The 10 most populous cities of Brazil in 2010 165
4.2.2 Challenges 166
Figure 4.5 Assessment of Brazil's water supply and forecasted demand by 2015 166
Figure 4.6 Water quality index of 1,988 Brazilian sampling points assessed 166
4.3 Water sector organisation and structure 167
4.3.1 Government ministries and agencies 167
4.3.1.1 Federal ministries 167
Figure 4.7 Ministries involved in the water sector: Ministry of the Environment 167
Figure 4.8 Ministries involved in the water sector: Ministry of Health and Ministry of Cities 168
4.3.1.2 Other public authorities at federal level 168
Figure 4.9 Management structure of water resources, water supply and sanitation in Brazil 169
4.3.1.3 Public authorities at state level 169
4.3.2 Water and wastewater service providers 170
Figure 4.10 State water and sanitation utilities in Brazil, 2010 170
Figure 4.11 Brazilian water supply by region and type of system, 2010 171
4.4 Government's water strategy 171
Figure 4.12 PLANSAB goals for water supply in Brazil by region, 2008-2030 171
Figure 4.13 PLANSAB goals for sanitation in Brazil by region. 2008-2030 172
4.5 Water availability and demand 173
4.5.1 Water availability 173
Figure 4.14 Number of municipalities by water supply system types in Brazil, 2010 173
Figure 4.15 Improvements required by 2025 to meet demand in Brazil by region 173
4.5.2 Sectoral water demand 174
Figure 4.16 Sectoral water withdrawal 174
Figure 4.17 Volume of licensed water withdrawal in Brazil by end user, 2010-2011 174
4.6 Municipal water and wastewater 175
Figure 4.18 Water supply indicators 175
Figure 4.19 Wastewater indicators 175
4.6.1 Water treatment 175
Figure 4.20 Water treatment and supply in Brazil by region, 2008 176
Figure 4.21 Water treatment types used in Brazil, by region, 2008 176
Figure 4.22 Major WTPs in Brazil, 2013 176
4.6.2 Desalination 177
Figure 4.23 Breakdown of desalination capacity in Brazil by user category, 2013 177
Figure 4.24 Breakdown of desalination capacity in Brazil by plant supplier, 2012 177
4.6.3 Wastewater treatment 177
Figure 4.25 Number of municipalities in Brazil with wastewater treatment, 2008 177
Figure 4.26 Wastewater treatment types used in Brazil by region, 2008 178
Figure 4.27 Major WWTPs in Brazil, 2013 179
4.6.4 Water reuse 179
4.7 Water finance 179
4.7.1 Funding sources 179
4.7.1.1 Tariffs 180
Figure 4.28 Water tariffs in five major Brazilian cities, 2012 180
4.7.2 Capital expenditure 181
Figure 4.29 Capital investment by source and destination 181
Figure 4.30 Overview of water and wastewater funding from PAC1 and PAC2, 2007-2014 181
Figure 4.31 PAC1 and PAC2 wastewater project funding allocations, 2007-2010 181
Figure 4.32 Wastewater treatment and investment, by utilities 2005-2010 181
4.7.3 Operating expenditure 182
Figure 4.33 Operating expenditure by level, 2010 182
4.8 Private sector participation 182
Figure 4.34 Number of municipalities with private services in Brazil by region, 2010 182
4.9 Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure 183
4.9.1 Historical background 183
4.9.2 Overview of current process 184
4.9.3 How to penetrate the market 184
4.10 Supply chain 185
4.10.1 Consulting engineers 185
4.10.2 Contractors 185
4.10.2.1 Brazilian contractors 185
Figure 4.35 Main Brazilian contractors, 2012 185
4.10.2.2 Foreign contractors 185
4.10.3 Private operators 186
4.10.3.1 Foz do Brasil (Odebrecht group) 186
Figure 4.36 Foz do Brasil's references in Brazil's municipal market, 2012 187
Figure 4.37 Foz do Brasil's references in Brazil's industrial market, 2012 188
4.10.3.2 AEGEA (Equipav group) 188
Figure 4.38 AEGEA's references in Brazil, 2012 188
Figure 4.39 Nascentes do Xingu's concession contracts in Brazil, 2012 188
4.10.3.3 CAB Ambiental (Galvão Infraestrutura) 189
Figure 4.40 CAB Ambiental's references in Brazil, 2012 189
4.10.3.4 Saneamento Ambiental Águas do Brasil (SAAB) 190
Figure 4.41 SAAB's references in Brazil, 2012 190
4.10.4 Equipment suppliers 190
Figure 4.42 Main equipment suppliers in Brazil by type of equipment, 2012 190
4.11 Current and future key projects 191
4.11.1 Current projects 191
Figure 4.43 Distribution of PAC projects in water and sanitation by Brazilian state, 2012 191
4.11.2 Future projects 191
Figure 4.45 Investments needed for rehab and expansion of water and wastewater infrastructure, 2011-2020 192
4.12 Future market directions 192
4.12.1 Overview 192
4.12.2 Notes on the forecast 192
4.13 Market forecast 193
Figure 4.47 Market forecast, 2011-2018 193
Figure 4.48 Market forecast breakdown, 2013 194
Figure 4.49 Market forecast data, 2011-2018 195
Figure 4.50 Industrial markets, 2013-2017 196

5. Canada 197
5.1 Main indicators 197
Figure 5.1 Population projections, 2010-2020 197
Figure 5.2 Economic indicators 197
5.2 Water availability and demand 197
Figure 5.3 Water resources 197
Figure 5.4 Sectoral water withdrawal 197
5.3 Municipal water 198
Figure 5.5 Water supply indicators 198
5.4 Municipal wastewater 198
Figure 5.6 Wastewater indicators 198
Figure 5.7 Number of people connected to wastewater network 199
Figure 5.8 Percentage of people connected to wastewater network 199
Figure 5.9 Volume of wastewater produced 200
Figure 5.10 Wastewater collected 200
5.5 Private sector participation 201
Figure 5.11 Private contracts 201
5.6 Market forecast 202
Figure 5.12 Market forecast, 2011-2018 202
Figure 5.13 Market forecast breakdown, 2013 203
Figure 5.14 Market forecast data, 2011-2018 204

6. Chile 206
6.1 Overview of indicators 206
Figure 6.1 Population projections, 2010-2020 206
Figure 6.2 Economic indicators 206
6.2 Context and overview of challenges 206
6.2.1 Challenges 206
6.3 Water sector organisation and structure 207
6.3.1 Government ministries and agencies 207
Figure 6.3 Main national government water related institutions 207
6.3.2 Water and wastewater service providers 208
Figure 6.4 Water and wastewater coverage in urban areas in Chile, 2011 208
Figure 6.5 Main water and sanitation service providers, 2011 209
6.4 Government's water strategy 209
Figure 6.6 MOP investment plan in the APR, 2010-2012 210
6.4.2.1 Drought and the public sector: short, medium and long term responses 211
6.4.2.2 Implications of water scarcity on water governance 211
6.5 Water availability and demand 213
6.5.1 Water availability 213
Figure 6.7 Water resources 213
6.5.2 Sectoral water demand 213
Figure 6.8 Estimates of water balance in Chile, 1996-2025 213
Figure 6.9 Water uses by sector, 1990-2006 213
Figure 6.10 Consumptive use of water by sector, 2006 214
Figure 6.11 Consumptive use of water by sector, 2030 214
6.6 Municipal water and wastewater 214
Figure 6.12 Water supply indicators 214
Figure 6.13 Wastewater indicators 215
6.6.1 Water treatment 215
6.6.2 Desalination 215
6.6.2.1 Municipal desalination 215
6.6.2.2 Industrial desalination 216
6.6.3 Wastewater treatment 216
Figure 6.14 Wastewater treatment technologies, 2011 217
Figure 6.15 Major WWTPs in Chile, 2012 217
6.6.4 Water reuse 217
6.7 Water finance 218
6.7.1 Funding sources 218
6.7.1.1 Tariffs 218
Figure 6.16 Aguas Andinas water and wastewater tariffs, 2012 218
6.7.2 Capital expenditure 218
Figure 6.17 Investment plan, 2012-2022 219
6.7.3 Operating expenditure 219
Figure 6.18 Service provider financial indicators (water and wastewater), 2010-2011 219
6.8 Private sector participation 220
Figure 6.19 Service providers with CTDECS 220
Figure 6.20 Investment by nine service providers with CTDECS up to 2011 220
Figure 6.21 Main water and sanitation services groups in Chile in terms of clients, January 2012 221
Figure 6.22 Process for granting concessions for water and wastewater service providers 222
6.8.1 Water scarcity and the private sector response: alternative water sources 222
6.9 Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure 223
6.9.1 Municipal procurement 223
6.9.1.1 Procurement model 223
6.9.1.2 Tender process 223
Figure 6.23 Requirements for public tenders by water and wastewater service providers, MOP Decree 214 223
6.9.1.3 Pre-qualification 224
6.9.1.4 Criteria for awarding contracts and ensuring quality 224
6.9.2 Industrial procurement: water in mining 224
6.9.3 Rural water services 225
6.10 Supply chain 225
6.10.1 Consulting engineers 225
6.10.2 Contractors 226
6.10.3 Private operators 227
6.10.4 Equipment suppliers 227
6.11 Current and future key projects 227
6.12 Future market directions 227
6.12.1 Overview 227
6.12.2 Notes on the market forecast 228
6.13 Market forecast 229
Figure 6.24 Market forecast, 2011-2018 229
Figure 6.25 Market forecast breakdown, 2013 230
Figure 6.26 Market forecast data, 2011-2018 231
Figure 6.27 Industrial markets, 2013-2017 232

7. Colombia 233
7.1 Overview of indicators 233
Figure 7.1 Population projections, 2010-2020 233
Figure 7.2 Economic indicators 233
7.2 Context and overview of challenges 233
7.3 Water sector organisation and structure 234
7.3.1 Government ministries and agencies 234
Figure 7.3 Structure of the water sector at the national level in Colombia 234
7.3.2 Water and wastewater service providers 235
Figure 7.4 Main service providers by population and subscribers, 2011 236
Figure 7.5 Percentage of public, private and mixed water and wastewater service providers, 2009-2010 236
7.4 Government's water strategy 237
7.4.1 Water and wastewater service provision 237
Figure 7.6 National Development Plan 2010-2014: goals for the water and wastewater sector 237
7.4.2 Water resources management 238
7.5 Water availability and demand 238
7.5.1 Water availability 238
Figure 7.7 Water resources 238
Figure 7.8 Surface water availability per basin, based on a 2010 survey 238
7.5.2 Sectoral water demand 239
Figure 7.9 Total water demand per sector, 2008 239
Figure 7.10 Total water demand, 2019 239
7.6 Municipal water and wastewater 239
Figure 7.11 Water supply indicators 239
Figure 7.12 Wastewater indicators 240
7.6.1 Water treatment 240
Figure 7.13 Largest WTPs in Colombia by design capacity, 2008 240
7.6.2 Desalination 240
Figure 7.14 Major desalination plants in Colombia, 2012 241
7.6.3 Wastewater treatment 241
Figure 7.15 Largest WWTPs in Colombia by design capacity, 2009 241
Figure 7.16 Design capacity of WWTPs in Colombia's main urban areas, 2008 242
7.6.4 Water reuse 243
7.7 Water finance 243
7.7.1 Funding sources 243
7.7.1.1 Nation-wide funding sources 243
Figure 7.17 Government and service funding sources for the water and wastewater sector, 2009 and 2010 244
7.7.2 PAP-PDA funding mechanism 244
Figure 7.18 Criteria for allocation and use of SGP water funds, Law 1176 of 2007 244
7.7.2.1 Tariffs 245
Tariff setting 245
Tariffs in main cities 246
Figure 7.19 Typical average water tariff, June 2010 246
Figure 7.20 Bogota wastewater tariff structure (EAAB), December 2012 246
7.7.3 Capital expenditure 247
Figure 7.21 Funding sources for investment in infrastructure, 2010 247
Figure 7.22 Destination of SGP water funds, 2011 247
7.7.4 Operating expenditure 248
Figure 7.23 Investment, costs and expenditure, 2009-2010 248
7.8 Private sector participation 248
7.8.1 Development of PSP in the country 249
Figure 7.24 Financial criteria for selection of private operators by type of contract 249
Figure 7.25 PME: Concession contracts by municipality size and investment required from the government 250
7.9 Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure 250
7.9.1 Local authorities 250
7.9.2 ESPs 251
7.9.2.1 Conception of the project 251
7.9.2.2 Type of contract 251
7.9.2.3 Tender process 252
7.9.2.4 How companies tend to participate 252
7.9.2.5 Other contract particularities 252
7.10 Supply chain 253
7.10.1 Consulting engineers 253
7.10.2 Contractors 254
7.10.3 Private operators 254
7.10.4 Equipment suppliers 254
7.11 Current and future key projects 255
7.11.1 Current projects 255
7.11.2 Future projects 255
7.12 Future market directions 256
7.12.1 Overview 256
7.12.2 Notes on the market forecast 256
7.13 Market forecast 257
Figure 7.26 Market forecast, 2011-2018 257
Figure 7.27 Market forecast breakdown, 2013 258
Figure 7.28 Market forecast data, 2