Embedded Systems: Technologies and Markets

Embedded Systems: Technologies and Markets

This BCC Research market report focuses on embedded technology; hardware and software. The report forecasts the market for embedded technology through 2019 by considering macroeconomic factors and dynamics of the markets for various end products. It also provides measurement and analysis of major market segments and highlights major players and emerging trends affecting the market.

Use this report to:
- Learn about the market for embedded technology through 2019 by considering macroeconomic factors and dynamics of the markets for various end products.
l Analyze key components of embedded devices, underlying business models and the drivers for each, the overall market size and projection, and the size and projection of
major market segments.
- Gain information on geographical trends that impact the embedded technology, such as the rise of Asian markets as a major consumer base.

Highlights
- The worldwide market for embedded technology was estimated to be worth $142.8 billion in 2013. The market is expected to grow at a projected compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.4% over the next five years to total $152.4 billion by 2014 and $198.5 billion by 2019.
- The embedded hardware segment represents the majority of the overall market, with almost $147 billion in revenue expected in 2014 and nearly $191 billion by 2019, with a CAGR of 5.4%.
- The embedded software segment accounts for $5.4 billion in revenue expected in 2014. With a CAGR of 6.8%, it is expected to reach $7.5 billion by 2019.

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
This market research report focuses on embedded technology, including both embedded hardware and embedded software. The report forecasts the market for embedded technology through 2019 by considering macroeconomic factors and dynamics of the markets for various end products. It also provides measurement and analysis of major market segments and highlights major players and emerging trends affecting the market. This research builds upon previously published reports in 2013 and 2011. The market
dynamics have changed over this period, “hot” devices and technologies have become “cold” and innovation is constantly leading the way. For example, an MP3 player was
one of the must-have devices in 2003, but by 2011 it was on its way down and today, it is barely making headlines.

Tablets became a dominant force in the embedded market in 2011 but by 2014 they are starting to become a commodity. Low cost chip manufacturers have driven prices
of tablets very low to the extent that they have become the preferred choice as a display unit in many low end embedded devices. A new open source operating system (OS) by Google, “Android,” generated widespread interest in the worldwide community. Within a short span of time, Android has become the preferred OS for mobile devices and several companies are using it in different embedded devices. Semiconductor geometry has continued to shrink but due to inherent small size of the technology, foundries are taking longer to introduce new technologies. The erosion in prices of semiconductor chips nevertheless has continued, but the market has continued to expand because of continued demand.

Internet of Things (IoT) has emerged as a new dominant force in embedded technology. IoT promises to connect every device in the market to the worldwide web and an ability to talk to each other. The implications of the technology are almost science fiction-like and at the time of writing the report, the evolution is just beginning. This report considers all these factors in order to prepare a market analysis and forecast.

REASONS FOR UNDERTAKING THE STUDY
The ease of developing and marketing embedded devices is increasing with the advancement of technology and communication. Embedded devices dominate nearly every aspect of human life and will continue to do so in the future. Many new devices are being introduced into the global market every day with innovative end applications.
From cell phones to digital TVs to tablets to refrigerators to washing machines, we are constantly using embedded devices for different purposes, blissfully unaware of the
underlying technology.

the embedded device is defined by the quality of its design and development, as well as the use of the proper underlying hardware that meets cost constraints. This study
analyzes key components of embedded devices, underlying business models and the drivers for each, the overall market size and projection, and the size and projection of
major market segments.

EMBEDDED TECHNOLOGY MARKET SEGMENTATION
Historically the term embedded systems was used to describe any non PC-related system. But in time, the definition has grown to include any system that is dedicated to
a particular functionality. But the emergence of an OS such as Android has made it possible to add extensibility into a wide range of devices. This report segments the embedded market into hardware and software.

The hardware segment consists of the following segments:
- Processor IP (Intellectual Property): Key players include ARM and MIPS
- MPU/MCU: Microcontrollers and microprocessors
- DSP: Digital signal processors
- ASIC: Application-specific integrated circuit
- FPGA: Field processing gate arrays
- Embedded boards.

The software segment consists of:
- The OS, including those with royalties such as VxWorks and ThreadX.
- Software development and testing tools — including development tools such as Eclipse.
- Middleware, which is arguably less important but still significant. This includes transmission control protocol/internet protocol) TCP/IP stack.
- Open-source software and tools. Includes Linux and Android.

REPORT SCOPE AND ORGANIZATION
The report is divided into two parts: embedded software and embedded hardware. For each segment of the hardware and software market, we have provided:
- Definitions and further segmentation.
- Overall market.
- Geographic data.
- Revenue by end-application.
- Business models.
- Growth forecast and market trends.
- Key players and market share.
The report also includes a high-level discussion on embedded hardware design.

The report does not consider chips developed for a specialized market such as set-top boxes. It also excludes IP and electronic design automation (EDA) tools used for the
development of hardware.

This report will provide:
- Understanding of the embedded devices architecture and the roles played by different hardware components.
- Understanding of the different market segments and factors driving their growth.
- Knowledge of business models used in different market segments.
- Market potential for each segment and projection for the next five years.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR UNDERTAKING THE STUDY 2
EMBEDDED TECHNOLOGY MARKET SEGMENTATION 3
REPORT SCOPE AND ORGANIZATION 3
INTENDED AUDIENCE 4
METHODOLOGY 4
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 5
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 5
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 5
DISCLAIMER 6
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 8
SUMMARY TABLE WORLDWIDE EMBEDDED TECHNOLOGY MARKET, THROUGH
2019 ($ MILLIONS) 8
SUMMARY FIGURE EMBEDDED TECHNOLOGY MARKET, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 8
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 11
HISTORY AND DEFINITION 11
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS: VERTICAL MARKETS 12
CONSUMER 12
COMMUNICATIONS 13
ENTERPRISE 13
OTHER 13
Industrial 13
Automotive 13
Medical 14
Government 14
Avionics 14
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS: GEOGRAPHIC SEGMENTS 14
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS: EVOLUTION DURING LAST 10 YEARS 14
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT CYCLE 15
FIGURE 1 TYPICAL EMBEDDED DEVICES DEVELOPMENT CYCLE 15
DETERMINING EMBEDDED PRODUCT COST 17
NONRECURRING EXPENSE 17
TABLE 1 NRE IN EMBEDDED SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT 17
PER UNIT COST 18
TABLE 2 BILL OF MATERIALS CALCULATION FOR EMBEDDED DEVICE 18
CHAPTER 4 EMBEDDED HARDWARE 20
HARDWARE COMPONENTS IN A TYPICAL EMBEDDED SYSTEM 20
FIGURE 2 HARDWARE COMPONENTS IN A TYPICAL EMBEDDED DEVICE 20
TYPICAL EMBEDDED HARDWARE DEVELOPMENT CYCLE 21
Processor Selection 21
Memory 22
Peripheral Requirements 22
FPGA and ASIC 22
Board Design and Integration 23
TRENDS IN EMBEDDED HARDWARE TECHNOLOGY 23
CHAPTER 5 OVERALL EMBEDDED HARDWARE MARKET 26
TABLE 3 WORLDWIDE EMBEDDED HARDWARE MARKET SEGMENTS, THROUGH
2019 ($ MILLIONS) 27
FIGURE 3 WORLDWIDE MARKET FOR EMBEDDED HARDWARE SEGMENTS,
2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 28
FIGURE 4 WORLDWIDE MARKET FOR EMBEDDED HARDWARE SEGMENTS, 2014 (%) 28
MARKET BY REGION 29
TABLE 4 WORLDWIDE EMBEDDED TECHNOLOGY MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC
SEGMENTS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 29
FIGURE 5 EMBEDDED HARDWARE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC SEGMENTS,
2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 30
FIGURE 6 WORLDWIDE MARKET BY REGION, 2014 (%) 30
MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS 31
TABLE 5 WORLDWIDE EMBEDDED TECHNOLOGY MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 31
FIGURE 7 EMBEDDED HARDWARE MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS, 2013-2019 ($
MILLIONS) 31
FIGURE 8 WORLDWIDE MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS, 2014 (%) 32
CHAPTER 6 PROCESSOR IP 35
TYPES OF PROCESSORS ARCHITECTURES 35
PROCESSOR IP MARKET: BUSINESS MODELS 36
OVERALL PROCESSOR IP MARKET 36
TABLE 6 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 7 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET FORECAST, BY VOLUME, THROUGH
2019 ($ MILLIONS) 37
EMBEDDED PROCESSOR IP SHIPMENT YEAR OVER YEAR 37
TABLE 8 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP SHIPMENT AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019
(MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 9 ROYALTY OF PROCESSOR IP AS A PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL REVENUE,
THROUGH 2019 (%) 37
PROCESSOR IP MARKET BY REGION 38
TABLE 10 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 38
FIGURE 9 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET BY REGION, 2014 (%) 38
PROCESSOR IP MARKET BY VERTICALS 39
TABLE 11 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 40
PROCESSOR IP: MAJOR PLAYERS 40
COMPANY PROFILES 41
ARM Holdings 41
Related Products 41
Recent Developments 42
CEVA Inc. 43
Related Products 44
Development Environment 44
Recent Developments 44
Imagination Technologies Inc. 45
Related Products 45
Recent Developments 47
Synopsys Inc. 47
Related Products 48
Recent Developments 48
PowerPC 49
Recent Developments 50
MARKET SHARE OF PROCESSOR IP VENDORS 50
TABLE 12 PROCESSOR IP VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2014 (%) 51
FIGURE 10 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET SHARE, 2014 (%) 51
TRENDS IN PROCESSOR IP MARKET 51
CHAPTER 7 MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS 54
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 54
MCU CLASSIFICATION BY BIT WIDTH 55
32-bit versus 64-bit Processors 56
MICROPROCESSOR MARKET TRENDS 56
MCU/MPU WORLDWIDE MARKET 57
TABLE 13 WORLDWIDE MPU/MCU MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 57
TABLE 14 WORLDWIDE MPU/MCU MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 58
TABLE 15 WORLDWIDE MPU/MCU MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 58
SELECTED VENDOR PROFILES 58
FREESCALE 58
Related Products 59
Qorivva/5xxx Power Architecture MCUs 59
Kinetis ARM MCUs 59
ColdFire+ MCUs 59
i.MX applications processors based on ARM technology 59
QorIQ Processing Platforms 60
PowerQUICC 60
Recent Developments 60
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS (TI) 61
Related Products 62
Recent Developments 62
INTEL 63
Related Products 63
Recent Developments 64
MARVELL SEMICONDUCTOR INC. 65
Related Products 65
ARMADA 300 65
Discovery Innovation Series 65
Kirkwood Series 66
88MC200 66
Recent Developments 66
MICROCHIP TECHNOLOGY INC. 67
Related Products 67
Recent Developments 67
NVIDIA 68
Related Products 68
Recent Developments 68
NXP SEMICONDUCTORS 69
Related Products 69
Recent Developments 70
QUALCOMM 70
Related Products 70
Recent Developments 71
RENESAS 71
Related Products 72
Recent Developments 72
SAMSUNG 73
Related Products 73
Recent developments 74
VIA 74
Related Products 75
Recent Developments 76
ZILOG 77
Related Products 77
Recent Developments 77
MPU/MCU PRICING AND BUSINESS STRATEGY 78
MPU/MCU VENDOR MARKET SHARE (2013) 79
TABLE 16 MCU/MPU VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 79
FIGURE 11 MPU/MCU VENDOR MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 79
CHAPTER 8 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS 81
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 81
FIGURE 12 A TYPICAL DSP SYSTEM 81
WORLDWIDE DSP MARKET FORECAST 83
TABLE 17 WORLDWIDE DSP MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 18 GLOBAL DSP MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 19 GLOBAL DSP MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 84
TRENDS IN THE DSP MARKET 85
MAJOR PLAYERS IN DSP MARKET 86
ANALOG DEVICES 86
Related Products 87
Recent Developments 87
FREESCALE 88
Related Products 88
Recent Developments 89
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS (TI) 90
Related Products 90
Microcontrollers and Processors 90
Recent Developments 91
DSP Market Vendor Shares 91
TABLE 20 DSP VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 92
FIGURE 13 WORLDWIDE DSP MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 92
CHAPTER 9 RAM 94
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 94
SRAM MARKET AND BUSINESS STRATEGY 95
DRAM MARKET AND BUSINESS STRATEGY 96
RAM MARKET FORECAST 97
TABLE 21 GLOBAL RAM MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 22 GLOBAL RAM MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 23 GLOBAL RAM MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
RAM MARKET TRENDS 98
RAM VENDORS MARKET SHARE 100
TABLE 24 RAM VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 100
FIGURE 14 WORLDWIDE RAM VENDOR MARKET SHARE, 2014 (%) 100
SELECTED VENDOR PROFILES 101
HYNIX SEMICONDUCTOR 101
Related Products 101
DDR, DDR2, DDR3 and DDR4 SDRAM 101
Recent Developments 101
MICRON TECHNOLOGY 102
Related products 102
SDRAM 102
DDR, DDR2, DDR3 and DDR4 SDRAM 103
RLDRAM 103
Mobile LPDRAM 103
Recent Developments 103
SAMSUNG 104
Related Products 104
Recent Developments 105
CHAPTER 10 FLASH MEMORY 107
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 107
FLASH MEMORY ARCHITECTURE 108
NOR AND NAND FLASH 108
MLC AND SLC NAND 109
WORLDWIDE MARKET FORECAST 109
TABLE 25 GLOBAL FLASH MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 109
TABLE 26 FLASH MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 27 GLOBAL FLASH MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 28 GLOBAL FLASH MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 111
FLASH MARKET TRENDS 111
TABLE 29 NAND VS NOR TECHNOLOGY AS A PERCENT OF OVERALL MARKET (%) 111
TABLE 30 FLASH PRICE PER GB, 2013-2019 (DOLLARS) 112
FLASH MEMORY VENDOR MARKET SHARE (2014) 113
TABLE 31 FLASH MEMORY VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2014 (%) 113
FIGURE 15 FLASH MEMORY VENDOR MARKET SHARE, 2014 (%) 113
SELECTED VENDOR PROFILES 114
SAMSUNG 114
Recent Developments 115
TOSHIBA 116
Recent Developments 117
MICRON TECHNOLOGY 117
Recent Developments 118
INTEL 118
Recent Developments 119
SPANSION INC. 119
Related Products 119
Recent Developments 120
HYNIX 120
Recent Developments 121
WINBOND ELECTRONICS CORP. 121
Recent Developments 122
EON SILICON SOLUTIONS 122
Recent Developments 123
MACRONIX INTERNATIONAL 123
Recent Developments 124
MICROCHIP TECHNOLOGY INC. 124
Recent Developments 125
CHAPTER 11 ASIC 128
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 128
TABLE 32 ASIC, ASSP, AND FPGA TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON 128
TABLE 33 GLOBAL ASIC MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 129
ASIC TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION 129
FIGURE 16 ASIC TECHNOLOGY NODES, 2001-2014 (NM) 129
ASIC DESIGN FLOW 131
FIGURE 17 TYPICAL STEPS IN ASIC DESIGN CYCLE AND TIMELINE 131
SPECIFICATION 131
DESIGN AND VERIFICATION 132
FIRST SIGN-OFF 132
PROTOTYPING 132
SECOND SIGN-OFF 132
PRODUCTION 132
STRUCTURED ASIC 133
OVERALL ASIC MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY AND VERTICALS 133
TABLE 34 GLOBAL ASIC MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 134
TABLE 35 GLOBAL ASIC MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 134
ASIC MARKET TRENDS 134
SELECTED VENDOR PROFILES 136
AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES 136
Related Products 136
Recent Developments 136
FUJITSU 137
Related Products 137
Recent Developments 138
GLOBAL FOUNDRIES INC. 139
Related Products 139
Recent Developments 139
IBM 140
Related Products 140
Recent Developments 141
CHAPTER 12 PLD 143
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 143
CPLD AND FPGA 143
COMPARISON OF ASIC AND PLD DESIGN FLOW 144
FIGURE 18 TYPICAL PLD DESIGN FLOW 144
GLOBAL PLD MARKET 145
TABLE 36 GLOBAL PLD MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 145
TABLE 37 GLOBAL PLD MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 146
TABLE 38 GLOBAL PLD MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 146
PLD MARKET TRENDS 147
PLD VENDOR STRATEGY AND COMPETITION 147
PLD VENDORS MARKET SHARE 148
TABLE 39 PLD VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 148
FIGURE 19 WORLDWIDE PLD VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 148
SELECTED VENDOR PROFILES 149
ALTERA CORP. 149
Related Products 149
Stratix Series High-End, System-Level FPGAs and SoC FPGAs 150
Arria Series Mid-Range FPGAs and SoC FPGAs 150
Cyclone Series Low-Cost FPGAs and SoC FPGAs 150
MAX Series CPLDs 150
Enpirion PowerSoCs 151
HardCopy ASIC 151
Development Tools 151
Recent Developments 151
LATTICE SEMICONDUCTOR CORP. 152
Related Products 152
FPGA 152
PLD 152
Design Software 153
Recent Developments 153
MICROSEMI 154
Related Products 154
SmartFusion2 154
IGLOO2 154
SmartFusion SoCs 154
IGLOO 155
ProASIC3 155
Fusion 155
Recent Developments 155
XILINX INC. 156
Related Products 156
28-nm Product Families 156
40-nm and 45-nm product families 157
65-nm Product Families 158
EasyPath FPGAs 158
Recent Developments 158
CHAPTER 13 EMBEDDED BOARDS 161
EMBEDDED BOARD INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 161
POPULAR BOARD STANDARDS 162
PC/104 AND PC/104-PLUS 162
EBX 162
EPIC 162
MINI-ITX 162
ATCA 163
ADVANCEDMC 163
MICROTCA 164
PCI AND COMPACTPCI 164
VME 164
GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST 165
TABLE 40 GLOBAL BOARD MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 165
GLOBAL AND REGIONAL TRENDS FOR EMBEDDED BOARD 165
TABLE 41 GLOBAL BOARD MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 166
EMBEDDED BOARD END-USE APPLICATION TRENDS 166
TABLE 42 GLOBAL BOARD MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 166
EMBEDDED BOARD MARKET - KEY STANDARDS 167
EMBEDDED SINGLE-BOARD COMPUTERS 167
DAUGHTER CARDS 167
PC/104 MODULES 167
MEZZANINE CARDS 167
BLADE SYSTEMS 168
COMPUTERS-ON-MODULES (COMS) 168
EMBEDDED BOARD MARKET TRENDS 168
FORM FACTOR TRENDS 168
PC/104 MARKET TRENDS 169
ROLE OF OS 169
BLADE SYSTEMS MARKET TRENDS 169
SELECTED VENDORS PROFILES 170
ADLINK TECHNOLOGY INC. 170
DIAMOND SYSTEMS 171
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. 172
EUROTECH INC. 172
KONTRON 173
MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS 173
RADISYS 174
SKY COMPUTERS INC. 174
WINSYSTEMS INC. 175
CHAPTER 14 EMBEDDED SOFTWARE 178
EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET SEGMENTATION 178
FIGURE 20 SOFTWARE STACK IN A TYPICAL EMBEDDED SYSTEM 178
TYPICAL SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT CYCLE 179
FIGURE 21 TYPICAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT CYCLE 179
TRENDS IN EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET 181
Software as a Means of Product Differentiation 181
Software Development becoming Bottleneck in Product Development 181
Rise of Open Source Software 182
Outsourcing of Embedded Software Development 182
Rise of Android 183
Internet of Things (IoT) 183
CHAPTER 15 OVERALL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET 185
TABLE 43 GLOBAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY SEGMENTS, THROUGH 2019
($ MILLIONS) 185
FIGURE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EMBEDDED SOFTWARE BY SEGMENTS,
2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 185
FIGURE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EMBEDDED SOFTWARE BY SEGMENTS, 2014 (%) 186
MARKET BY REGION 187
TABLE 44 GLOBAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 187
FIGURE 24 EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY REGION, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 187
FIGURE 25 WORLDWIDE EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY REGION, 2014 (%) 188
MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS 189
TABLE 45 GLOBAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 189
FIGURE 26 GLOBAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS,
2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 189
FIGURE 27 GLOBAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS,
2014 ($ MILLIONS) 190
CHAPTER 16 OPERATING SYSTEM (OS) 193
OPERATING SYSTEM OVERVIEW 193
OS CLASSIFICATION 194
GENERAL PURPOSE OS 194
REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEM (RTOS) 195
OS SELECTION PROCESS 196
LICENSING MODELS 196
OVERALL OS MARKET 197
TABLE 46 GLOBAL OS MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 197
TABLE 47 GLOBAL OS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 198
TABLE 48 GLOBAL SOFTWARE TOOLS MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 198
OS MARKET TRENDS BY VERTICALS 199
LOW- AND MID-END CELL PHONES 199
SET-TOP BOX AND DTV 199
PDA/SMARTPHONES 199
AEROSPACE AND DEFENSE 200
OS VENDORS MARKET SHARE 200
TABLE 49 OS VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 200
FIGURE 28 GLOBAL OS VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 200
KEY OS VENDORS 201
ENEA 201
Related Products 201
Recent Developments 202
EXPRESS LOGIC 203
Related Products 203
Recent Developments 203
GREEN HILLS SOFTWARE 204
Related Products 204
Recent Developments 205
MENTOR GRAPHICS 205
Related Products 206
Recent Developments 206
MICROSOFT 207
Relevant Products 207
Windows Embedded 8 207
Windows Embedded 8.1 207
Windows Embedded Compact 207
Windows Embedded Automotive 7 208
Legacy Microsoft Embedded Products 208
Windows Mobile OS 208
Windows CE 208
Windows XP Embedded 209
Windows Embedded Point of Sale (WEPOS) 210
Recent Developments 210
QNX SOFTWARE SYSTEMS 210
Related Products 211
Recent Developments 211
SYMBIAN (NOKIA) 212
Related Products 212
Recent Developments 213
WIND RIVER (INTEL) 213
Related Products 213
Recent Developments 214
CHAPTER 17 SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING TOOLS 216
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 216
INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENT (IDE) 216
COMPILERS AND LINKERS 216
STATIC CODE ANALYZERS 217
JTAG DEBUG TOOLS 217
IN CIRCUIT EMULATORS (ICE) 217
GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOFTWARE TOOLS 218
TABLE 50 GLOBAL TOOLS MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 218
TABLE 51 GLOBAL SOFTWARE TOOLS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 219
TABLE 52 GLOBAL SOFTWARE TOOLS MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 219
SELECTED COMPANY PROFILES 220
ARM 220
Related Products 220
Recent Developments 221
IAR SYSTEMS 221
Related Products 221
C/C++ Compilers and Debuggers 221
State Machine Tools 222
Debug Probes 222
Recent Developments 222
KLOCWORK INC. (ROGUE WAVE SOFTWARE) 223
Related Products 223
Recent Developments 223
LAUTERBACH INC. 224
Related Products 224
Recent Developments 225
WIND RIVER (INTEL) 225
Related Products 225
Recent Developments 226
CHAPTER 18 MIDDLEWARE 228
MARKET OVERVIEW 228
OVERALL MIDDLEWARE GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST 228
TABLE 53 GLOBAL MIDDLEWARE MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 229
GLOBAL MIDDLEWARE MARKET BY REGION 229
TABLE 54 GLOBAL MIDDLEWARE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 229
GLOBAL MIDDLEWARE MARKET BY VERTICALS 229
TABLE 55 GLOBAL MIDDLEWARE MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 230
VALUE PROVIDED BY MIDDLEWARE 230
TIME TO MARKET 230
VALUE-ADDED PROPOSITION 230
REDUCED DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTION COSTS 230
LOWER MAINTENANCE AND OPERATING COSTS 231
MIDDLEWARE VENDOR COMPANY PROFILES 231
ACCESS SYSTEMS AMERICAS INC. 231
Related Products 231
Recent Developments 231
ENEA 232
Related Products 233
Protocol Stacks 233
High-availability Middleware 233
Recent Developments 233
GREEN HILLS SOFTWARE 234
Related Products 234
Recent Developments 234
WIND RIVER (INTEL) 235
Related Products 235
Network Stack 235
Security 236
Mobility 236
Wind River Wireless Security 236
Network Management 236
Graphics 237
Recent Developments 237
CHAPTER 19 EMBEDDED LINUX TOOLS AND OS 239
MARKET OVERVIEW 239
COMMERCIAL EMBEDDED LINUX 240
REAL TIME LINUX 242
LINUX OS VENDOR DIFFERENTIATION AND SELECTION 243
COMMERCIAL VERSUS NONCOMMERCIAL LINUX TRADE OFF 244
OVERALL LINUX OS AND TOOLS MARKET 244
TABLE 56 GLOBAL LINUX OS AND TOOLS MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 244
TABLE 57 GLOBAL LINUX OS AND TOOLS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 245
TABLE 58 GLOBAL LINUX OS AND TOOLS MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019
($ MILLIONS) 245
LINUX TRENDS 246
LINUX VENDOR MARKET SHARE 246
TABLE 59 LINUX OS AND TOOLS VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 246
FIGURE 29 WORLDWIDE LINUX OS VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 247
SELECTED COMPANY PROFILES 247
DENX SOFTWARE ENGINEERING 247
Related Products 248
Recent Developments 248
KOAN 248
Related Products 249
Recent Developments 249
LYNX SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGIES 249
Related Products 250
Recent Developments 250
MONTAVISTA SOFTWARE 251
Related Products 251
Recent Developments 252
TIMESYS 252
Related Products 253
Recent Developments 253
WIND RIVER (INTEL) 254
Related Products 254
Wind River Real-Time Core for Linux 255
Recent Developments 255

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE WORLDWIDE EMBEDDED TECHNOLOGY MARKET, THROUGH 2019
($ MILLIONS) 8
TABLE 1 NRE IN EMBEDDED SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT 17
TABLE 2 BILL OF MATERIALS CALCULATION FOR EMBEDDED DEVICE 18
TABLE 3 WORLDWIDE EMBEDDED HARDWARE MARKET SEGMENTS, THROUGH 2019
($ MILLIONS) 27
TABLE 4 WORLDWIDE EMBEDDED TECHNOLOGY MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC
SEGMENTS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 29
TABLE 5 WORLDWIDE EMBEDDED TECHNOLOGY MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 31
TABLE 6 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 7 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET FORECAST, BY VOLUME, THROUGH
2019 ($ MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 8 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP SHIPMENT AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019
(MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 9 ROYALTY OF PROCESSOR IP AS A PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL REVENUE,
THROUGH 2019 (%) 37
TABLE 10 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 38
TABLE 11 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 40
TABLE 12 PROCESSOR IP VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2014 (%) 51
TABLE 13 WORLDWIDE MPU/MCU MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 57
TABLE 14 WORLDWIDE MPU/MCU MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 58
TABLE 15 WORLDWIDE MPU/MCU MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 58
TABLE 16 MCU/MPU VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 79
TABLE 17 WORLDWIDE DSP MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 18 GLOBAL DSP MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 19 GLOBAL DSP MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 20 DSP VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 92
TABLE 21 GLOBAL RAM MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 22 GLOBAL RAM MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 23 GLOBAL RAM MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 24 RAM VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 100
TABLE 25 GLOBAL FLASH MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 109
TABLE 26 FLASH MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 27 GLOBAL FLASH MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 28 GLOBAL FLASH MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 111
TABLE 29 NAND VS NOR TECHNOLOGY AS A PERCENT OF OVERALL MARKET (%) 111
TABLE 30 FLASH PRICE PER GB, 2013-2019 (DOLLARS) 112
TABLE 31 FLASH MEMORY VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2014 (%) 113
TABLE 32 ASIC, ASSP, AND FPGA TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON 128
TABLE 33 GLOBAL ASIC MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 129
TABLE 34 GLOBAL ASIC MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 134
TABLE 35 GLOBAL ASIC MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 134
TABLE 36 GLOBAL PLD MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 145
TABLE 37 GLOBAL PLD MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 146
TABLE 38 GLOBAL PLD MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 146
TABLE 39 PLD VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 148
TABLE 40 GLOBAL BOARD MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 165
TABLE 41 GLOBAL BOARD MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 166
TABLE 42 GLOBAL BOARD MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 166
TABLE 43 GLOBAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY SEGMENTS, THROUGH 2019
($ MILLIONS) 185
TABLE 44 GLOBAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 187
TABLE 45 GLOBAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 189
TABLE 46 GLOBAL OS MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 197
TABLE 47 GLOBAL OS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 198
TABLE 48 GLOBAL SOFTWARE TOOLS MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 198
TABLE 49 OS VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 200
TABLE 50 GLOBAL TOOLS MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 218
TABLE 51 GLOBAL SOFTWARE TOOLS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 219
TABLE 52 GLOBAL SOFTWARE TOOLS MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 219
TABLE 53 GLOBAL MIDDLEWARE MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 229
TABLE 54 GLOBAL MIDDLEWARE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 229
TABLE 55 GLOBAL MIDDLEWARE MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 230
TABLE 56 GLOBAL LINUX OS AND TOOLS MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 244
TABLE 57 GLOBAL LINUX OS AND TOOLS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 245
TABLE 58 GLOBAL LINUX OS AND TOOLS MARKET BY VERTICALS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 245
TABLE 59 LINUX OS AND TOOLS VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 246

LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE EMBEDDED TECHNOLOGY MARKET, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 8
FIGURE 1 TYPICAL EMBEDDED DEVICES DEVELOPMENT CYCLE 15
FIGURE 2 HARDWARE COMPONENTS IN A TYPICAL EMBEDDED DEVICE 20
FIGURE 3 WORLDWIDE MARKET FOR EMBEDDED HARDWARE SEGMENTS,
2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 28
FIGURE 4 WORLDWIDE MARKET FOR EMBEDDED HARDWARE SEGMENTS, 2014 (%) 28
FIGURE 5 EMBEDDED HARDWARE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC SEGMENTS, 2013-2019
($ MILLIONS) 30
FIGURE 6 WORLDWIDE MARKET BY REGION, 2014 (%) 30
FIGURE 7 EMBEDDED HARDWARE MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS, 2013-2019 ($
MILLIONS) 31
FIGURE 8 WORLDWIDE MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS, 2014 (%) 32
FIGURE 9 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET BY REGION, 2014 (%) 38
FIGURE 10 WORLDWIDE PROCESSOR IP MARKET SHARE, 2014 (%) 51
FIGURE 11 MPU/MCU VENDOR MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 79
FIGURE 12 A TYPICAL DSP SYSTEM 81
FIGURE 13 WORLDWIDE DSP MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 92
FIGURE 14 WORLDWIDE RAM VENDOR MARKET SHARE, 2014 (%) 100
FIGURE 15 FLASH MEMORY VENDOR MARKET SHARE, 2014 (%) 113
FIGURE 16 ASIC TECHNOLOGY NODES, 2001-2014 (NM) 129
FIGURE 17 TYPICAL STEPS IN ASIC DESIGN CYCLE AND TIMELINE 131
FIGURE 18 TYPICAL PLD DESIGN FLOW 144
FIGURE 19 WORLDWIDE PLD VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 148
FIGURE 20 SOFTWARE STACK IN A TYPICAL EMBEDDED SYSTEM 178
FIGURE 21 TYPICAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT CYCLE 179
FIGURE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EMBEDDED SOFTWARE BY SEGMENTS, 2013-2019
($ MILLIONS) 185
FIGURE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EMBEDDED SOFTWARE BY SEGMENTS, 2014 (%) 186
FIGURE 24 EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY REGION, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 187
FIGURE 25 WORLDWIDE EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY REGION, 2014 (%) 188
FIGURE 26 GLOBAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS,
2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 189
FIGURE 27 GLOBAL EMBEDDED SOFTWARE MARKET BY VERTICAL SEGMENTS, 2014
($ MILLIONS) 190
FIGURE 28 GLOBAL OS VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 200
FIGURE 29 WORLDWIDE LINUX OS VENDORS MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 247