Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017

Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017

  • May 2017
  • 227 pages
  • GlobalData
Report ID: 254459
Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017

Summary

Renewable energy represents a possible solution to two major global issues: global warming and diminishing fossil fuel reserves. It is sustainable and clean, generally emitting no or very little carbon dioxide and these factors have led major countries to shift their focus toward the development of renewable energy policy. Renewable energy has the potential to boost the global economy. However, the most important challenge in the deployment of renewable energy is that it is more expensive than conventional fuels. In order to make renewable energy competitive, it is necessary for governments to provide support in the form of favorable policies and incentives.

Europe is the region with the most number of countries actively promoting the development of renewable power capacity. All European Union (EU) member countries have targets designated by the EU in order for the EU to comply with international emission norms. To achieve this, each country has its own National renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) which, among other things, includes a target to increase renewable energy generation in order to reduce emissions.

Feed-in Tariffs (FITs), tax incentives, and grants are the most common supportive measures used in the region to promote the uptake of renewable energy. Eighteen of the twenty six countries have both tax exemption and grants for renewable energy. Grants are given at different levels of the value chain to promote growth with research, development, and demonstration projects being the most likely recipients, as these are the most risky and hence deemed more deserving.

FITs have played a major role in developing renewable energy in Europe. This is evident from the case of Spain where renewable energy installations skyrocketed during 2007-2008, due to the introduction of a very generous FIT in early 2007. Once the government realized the unsustainable nature of the tariffs and reduced them, the installation dramatically fell to almost zero in 2009. With adjusted FITs, a moderate amount of annual addition continued till 2013 after which the country completely removed FITs leading to annual additions falling to less than 10 MW in 2014 and 2015. With no announced plans to reintroduce FITs, the outlook for solar and other renewable technologies in Spain is bleak.

Tax incentives are also provided to contenders from different parts of the renewable energy value chain. Manufacturers and plant owners are the usual recipients of several types of tax incentives including a reduced or exempted Value Added Tax (VAT) on purchase of components related to improvement or transformation of energy systems. Individuals investing in renewable energy funds and individuals installing residential renewable energy for home consumption are also given tax incentives in some countries.

The report "Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017" offers comprehensive information on major policies governing renewable energy market in the region.

In depth, this report enables to access the following -
- Provides the current and future renewable energy targets and plans along with the present policy framework, giving a fair idea of overall growth potential of the renewable energy industry.
- Provides major technology specific policies and incentives provided in the region.
- Covers policy measures and incentives used by Europe to promote renewable energy.
- Details promotional measures in Europe both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies that have potential in the region.
- Helps to identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting various renewable technologies.
- Helps in developing business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken for different renewable energy sources.

Scope

- The report covers policy measures and incentives used by Europe to promote renewable energy.
- The report details promotional measures in Europe both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies that have potential in the region.

Reasons to buy

The report will enhance your decision making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner. It will allow you to -
- Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken for different renewable energy sources.
- Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting various renewable technologies.
- Compare the level of support provided to different renewable energy technologies in Europe.
- Be ahead of competition by keeping yourself abreast of all the latest policy changes.
1 Table of Contents
1 Table of Contents 2
2 Executive Summary 5
3 Introduction 7
4 Renewable Energy Policy, Austria 8
5 Renewable Energy Policy, Belgium 14
6 Renewable Energy Policy, Bulgaria 20
7 Renewable Energy Policy, Croatia 25
8 Renewable Energy Policy, Czech Republic 29
9 Renewable Energy Policy, Denmark 34
10 Renewable Energy Policy, Finland 39
11 Renewable Energy Policy, France 44
12 Renewable Energy Policy, Germany 52
13 Renewable Energy Policy, Greece 64
14 Renewable Energy Policy, Ireland 73
15 Renewable Energy Policy, Italy 79
16 Renewable Energy Policy, Netherlands 88
17 Renewable Energy Policy, Norway 97
18 Renewable Energy Policy, Poland 104
19 Renewable Energy Policy, Portugal 114
20 Renewable Energy Policy, Romania 119
21 Renewable Energy Policy, Russian Federation 125
22 Renewable Energy Policy, Slovakia 130
23 Renewable Energy Policy, Slovenia 138
24 Renewable Energy Policy, Spain 144
25 Renewable Energy Policy, Sweden 156
26 Renewable Energy Policy, Switzerland 163
27 Renewable Energy Policy, Turkey 172
28 Renewable Energy Policy, UK 180
29 Renewable Energy Policy, Ukraine 197
30 Appendix 204

1.1 List of Tables
Table 1: Renewable Energy Policy, Europe 17
Table 2: Renewable Energy Policy, Austria, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016 21
Table 3: NREAP Target by Renewable Energy Technology, Austria, 2015-2020 22
Table 4: Power Market, Austria, Energy Strategy Targets by Sector 22
Table 5: Power Market, Austria, Energy Strategy Targets by Technology 23
Table 6: Investment Subsidy for Off-grid Installations, Austria, Eligibility by Renewable Source, 2015 24
Table 7: Investment Subsidy for PV on Buildings, Austria, Fixed Tariff by Size, 2015-2017 24
Table 8: Power Market, Belgium, Energy Efficiency Targets 2020 26
Table 9: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Bulgaria, Eligible Technologies, 2016 34
Table 10: Power Market, Bulgaria, Feed-in Tariffs ($/MWh), 2016 35
Table 11: Renewable Energy, Croatia, Capacity targets, 2015-2020 37
Table 12: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Quota Obligation per MWh, 2016-2035 41
Table 13: Renewable Energy Policy, Denmark, Feed-in Tariffs for Biopower, 2016-2018 48
Table 14: Renewable Energy Policy, Finland, Feed-in Tariff for Biopower, 2016 51
Table 15: Power Market, Finland, Energy Saving Targets 53
Table 16: Renewable Energy, Feed-in Tariffs (€/kWh), France, 2017 57
Table 17: Renewable Energy, Tenders for PV systems, France, 2016-2019 58
Table 18: Expansion Corridor Targets, Germany, 2020-2050 65
Table 19: Tender Rules and Legal Requirements, Germany 66
Table 20: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Solar Power, March 2016 71
Table 21: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Wind Power, 2012 71
Table 22: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Hydropower, 2014 72
Table 23: ETMEAR Rates (€) per Voltage Level, Greece, 2015-2016 77
Table 24: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Renewable Energy Targets (%), 2020 77
Table 25: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Wind Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016 80
Table 26: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Photovoltaic Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016 81
Table 27: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Geothermal Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016 81
Table 28: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Biomass and Biofuel, Feed-in Tariffs, 2015 82
Table 29: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 1, Ireland, 2015-2016 86
Table 30: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 2, Ireland, 2015-2016 87
Table 31: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 3, Ireland, 2015-2016 87
Table 32: Renewable Energy Efficiency Targets, Ireland, 2014-2020 89
Table 33: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Italy, 2020 92
Table 34: Maximum Time to Reach Operation from Registration (Months), Italy, 2016 94
Table 35: Renewable Energy Subsidy Available under SDE+ Scheme (€ and $), 2015 102
Table 36: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Netherlands, 2020 105
Table 37: Renewable Energy Quota (MWh), Norway, 2015-2035 110
Table 38: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Poland, 2013-2021 116
Table 39: Renewable Energy Loan Benefits, Poland, 2016 117
Table 40: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Poland, 2020 118
Table 41: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Quota Levels, Poland, 2013-2021 120
Table 42: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Poland, 2016 122
Table 43: Renewable Energy Feed-in-Tariffs, Portugal, 2017 127
Table 44: Renewable Energy Quota for Energy Companies (%), Romania, 2010-2020 133
Table 45: Allocation of Green Certificates , Romania, 2016 133
Table 46: Minimum Local Content Requirement (%), Russia, 2014-2020 138
Table 47: Annual Limits on Renewable Capacity Addition (MW), Russia, 2014-2020 138
Table 48: Renewable Energy Capacity Tenders, Russia 139
Table 49: Slovakia, Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs (€c/kWh and $c/kWh), From January 2017 143
Table 50: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Biofuel Quota (%), 2016-2020 145
Table 51: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Minimum Volume of Biodiesel in Diesel (%), 2016-2020 145
Table 52: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Biofuel in Petrol (%), 2016-2020 145
Table 53: Renewable Energy, Slovenia, Feed-in Tariffs ($/MWh), 2017 151
Table 54: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Quota Obligation per MWh, 2016-2035 170
Table 55: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Energy Tax, 2017 171
Table 56: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Energy and CO2 Tax, 2017 172
Table 57: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Wind Energy, Switzerland, 2017 177
Table 58: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Solar Energy, Switzerland, 2016¬2017 177
Table 59: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Geothermal Energy, Switzerland, 2017 178
Table 60: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Base Payment, Switzerland, 2017 178
Table 61: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Compression Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 179
Table 62: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Hydraulic Engineering Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 179
Table 63: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Base Payment, Switzerland, 2017 180
Table 64: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Wood Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 180
Table 65: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Agriculture Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 181
Table 66: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biogas, Switzerland, 2017 181
Table 67: Turkey, Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs and Bonus (€c/kWh and $c/kWh), 2016 187
Table 68: Renewable Obligation, Technology Eligibility, UK, 2015 196
Table 69: Renewable Obligation (ROC/MWh), UK, 2009-2016 196
Table 70: Renewable Obligation Certificate Volumes (millions), UK, 2017/2018 197
Table 71: Renewable Energy, CFD First Allocation Round Results , UK, 2017 198
Table 72: Solar Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017-2018 200
Table 73: Solar Power Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), UK, 2015-2016 201
Table 74: Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017-2018 202
Table 75: Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), UK, 2015-2016 202
Table 76: Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017-2018 203
Table 77: Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2015-2016 203
Table 78: Anaerobic Digestion and Combined Heat and Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017-2018 204
Table 79: Anaerobic Digestion and Combined Heat and Power Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), UK, 2015-2016 204
Table 80: Climate Change Levy ($/kWh), UK, 2014-2016 205
Table 81: Carbon Price Support Rates* for Climate Change Levy, UK, 2014-2016 205
Table 82: Wind, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016 211
Table 83: Solar Photovoltaic (PV), Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016 212
Table 84: Biopower, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016 212
Table 85: Hydropower, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016 213
Table 86: Geothermal, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016 213
Table 87: Abbreviations 216
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Country=Europe Industry=RenewableEnergy ParentIndustry=Energy Date=201705 Topic=MarketReport Publisher=GlobalData Price=4000