Is De-centralization the Future of Wastewater Treatment Systems? An Analysis of the Private Land Development Market in North America

Is De-centralization the Future of Wastewater Treatment Systems? An Analysis of the Private Land Development Market in North America

  • February 2015 •
  • 32 pages •
  • Report ID: 2757353 •
  • Format: PDF
Key Findings

Several proponents of de-centralized wastewater treatment facilities are positive about the prospects of the market.
Growth in spending is expected to increase investments in large-scale treatment facilities in medium-sized commercial establishments.
According to the US Census Bureau, opportunities in residential construction are flat and has shown slow historical growth from 2012 through 2014.
The benefits of de-centralization include lower lifetime and real estate costs and a shorter initial set-up time, due their modular, scalable designs.
Regulations for privately-owned wastewater treatment system in the United States are extremely stringent.

Private Land Development

For the purpose of this market insight, private land development is defined as an area of investment where private investment is solicited to conduct wastewater treatment on small-to-medium scale facilities. The wastewater treatment facility used here, is therefore designed to be a system that can be utilized for a given number of units, such as homes in a given residential area. Since these wastewater treatment systems do not connect to a larger, centralized wastewater facility, they are termed de-centralized systems. De-centralized wastewater treatment systems may be used for residential, commercial, or industrial purposes.

Liquid/Solid Separation

As the name indicates, liquid/solid separation is a process that separates the solid phase from the liquid phase in an effluent. This process is usually applied to wastewater in a pre-treatment phase. In some cases, however, it may be the only process to which wastewater is treated before it is discharged or disposed of.

Aerobic Treatment System

In the aerobic wastewater treatment process, the wastewater is broken down with the help of oxygen and aerobic bacteria. After the undigested solids settle at the bottom, the clear effluent on top is disinfected, and the sludge is disposed of.

Key Takeaways

•De-centralized designs offer several benefits such as modularity, lower costs, and superior technology.
•The road to a market in private land development could be longer than expected.
•Possible opportunities for growth could be found in areas that currently do not have access to centralized wastewater disposal facilities.

Frost & Sullivan Insights

•A key question considered was why private land owners would start spending on de-centralized facilities.
•This could be to mitigate the high cost of constructing a centralized facility, and to invest in remote areas and underdeveloped regions where centralized facilities may not be available.