Indian Market Overview for Orthopedic Large Joint Devices 2016 - MedView

Indian Market Overview for Orthopedic Large Joint Devices 2016 - MedView

  • January 2015 •
  • 41 pages •
  • Report ID: 3911598 •
  • Format: PDF
In cases of severe wear or significant pain, arthroplasty, also known as joint reconstruction, is an option. This involves removing the diseased joint and replacing it with a mechanical device. When a joint is replaced for the first time, it is known as a primary replacement. Primary replacements are either total joint replacements (TJR) or partial joint replacements. Total joint implants replace both sides of a joint, while partial implants replace only one side and conserve the other. Replacement of a worn implant with another implant is known as revision. The technique of arthroplasty was developed by British orthopedic surgeon Sir John Charnley, who pioneered the replacement technique in November 1962. He was knighted in 1977 for recognition of this technique and his other pioneering work in orthopedics.Reconstructive implants are grouped into four broad categories: primary (total) replacement, partial replacement, resurfacing and revision.Healthy joints are vital to an active lifestyle; however, aging, obesity and overuse tend to increase joint deterioration. Two major factors determining the health of joints are the integrity of the bones making up the joint and the quality of joint articulation. A significant deficiency in either aspect can lead to the decision to replace the joint. Bone is primarily made up of the mineral calcium, and although bone is hard and strong, it is also considered a living tissue of the body. This means that bone is not static but is constantly being replenished and drawn upon by the body as a part of natural human physiology. For instance, calcium is drawn upon by the body for many cellular processes that are essential to life.