Global Herbal Supplements and Remedies Industry

Global Herbal Supplements and Remedies Industry

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Herbal Supplements and Remedies in US$ Million by the following Product Segments: Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2013 through 2020. Also, a seven-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 129 companies including many key and niche players such as -

Arizona Natural Products
Arkopharma SA
Bio-Botanica, Inc.
Blackmores Ltd.
DSM Nutritional Products Ltd.



I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONS

Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1
Disclaimers I-2
Data Interpretation & Reporting Level I-2
Quantitative Techniques & Analytics I-3
Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3
Product Definitions I-3
Ginkgo Biloba I-3
Garlic I-4
Ginseng I-4
Echinacea I-4
St. John's Wort I-4
Soy I-4
Aloe Vera I-4
Specialty Herbs I-4
Multi-Herbs I-4
Other Herbal Supplements I-4


II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW II-1
Herbal Supplements - A Quick Primer II-1
Changing Industry Dynamics II-3
Women - The Major Consumer Group II-3
Table 1: Dietary Supplements Market Worldwide (2014):
Percentage Preference by Gender and Age Group (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-4
Herbal Medicine - An Overview II-4
Table 2: Global Herbal Medicine Market by Segment (2014):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Western Herbalism, Traditional
Chinese Medicine (TCM), Homeopathy, and Ayurveda (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-5
Major Markets for Herbal Medicines II-5
Acceptance Increases as Standard Chemical Remedies Lose Appeal II-5

2. MARKET TRENDS & ISSUES II-6
Aging Population to Propel Growth of Herbal Supplements Market II-6
Table 3: Elderly Population (65+ Years) as a Percentage of
the Total Population: 2000 & 2025 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-6

Table 4: Global Population Statistics for the 65+ Age Group:
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-7
Herbal Supplements Now a Niche Segment of the Functional Foods
Industry II-8
Ayurvedic Supplements Go Mainstream II-8
Women's Healthcare Needs Propel Herbal Supplements Market II-8
Specialty Products - A Booming Market II-9
Consumer Attitudes Vacillate with Conflicting Research Results II-9
Herbal Supplement Usage in Dentistry Surges amid Concerns II-9
Internet Emerges as an Effective Sales Channel II-10
Herbal Remedies Endangering Wild Plant Species II-10

3. SEGMENTAL ANALYSIS II-11
Ginkgo Biloba II-11
Vinpocetine: The New Ginkgo II-11
Adulteration to Hamper Market Growth II-11
Garlic II-11
Aging Population Drives Demand for Garlic Herbal Supplements II-11
Global Cardiovascular Disease Statistics - Opportunity
Indicators for Garlic Supplements II-12
Table 5: Fatalities by Heart Conditions - Estimated
Percentage Breakdown for Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic
Heart Disease, Stroke, and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-12

Table 6: Fatalities in Low Income Countries by Health
Disorder (2015 & 2030): Projected Percentage Breakdown of
Number of Deaths for CVD; Cancer; Injury; HIV, TB &
Malaria; Malnutrition; and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-12

Table 7: Fatalities in Mid Income Countries by Health
Disorder (2015 & 2030): Projected Percentage Breakdown of
Number of Deaths for CVD; Cancer; Injury; HIV, TB &
Malaria; Malnutrition; and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-13

Table 8: Fatalities in High Income Countries by Health
Disorder (2015 & 2030): Projected Percentage Breakdown of
Number of Deaths for CVD, Cancer, Injury, and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-13
Changing Lifestyles to Augur Well for Garlic Supplements II-14
Echinacea II-14
Echinacea Market, Steady but Challenged II-14
St. John's Wort II-14
Rising Incidence of Depression Fuels Growth in St. John's
Wort Supplements Market II-14
Soy II-15
Market for Soy based Food Products, Challenged but Going Strong II-16
An Overview of the Soy Supplements Market II-16
Controversy over Soy's Role in Breast Cancer Recurrence Remains II-17
Table 9: Top Five Soybean Producing Countries Worldwide
(2013)- Production (in Million Metric Tons) for Argentina,
Brazil, China, India and the US (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-17

Table 10: Top Five Soybean Consuming Countries Worldwide
(2013): Breakdown of Consumption (in Million Metric Tons)
for Argentina, Brazil, China, India and the United States
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18
Ginseng II-18
Ginseng Varieties Cultivation by Region II-19
Green Tea II-19
Green Tea - A Fad in the West II-19
Green Tea and Weight Loss - Myth Busted II-20
China, the Largest Green Tea Exporting Nation II-20
Aloe Vera II-20

4. PRODUCT OVERVIEW II-22
Herbal Supplements - An Introduction II-22
How are Herbal Supplements Prepared? II-22
Administration of Herbal Supplements II-23
The Regulatory Environment II-23
History II-24
Rise and Fall in American Herbalism II-25
Oriental and Ayurvedic Influences II-25
Product Segments - A Review II-25
Ginkgo Biloba - Oldest Living Tree Species II-25
Various Components Present in the G. biloba Extracts and
Their Health Benefits II-25
Dosage II-26
Precautions II-26
Garlic - Spice of Life! II-26
Nutritional Value of Raw Garlic (per 100 grams) II-27
Some of Garlic-Based Herbal Offerings II-27
Ginseng (Panax) - Multitude of Benefits II-27
Echinacea - The American Cone Flower II-28
Efficacy of Echinacea for Various Health Conditions II-28
St. John's Wort II-29
Efficacy of St. John's Wort for Various Health Conditions II-29
St.John's Wort Tested for Various Other Medical Uses II-30
Side-Effects II-30
St. John's Wort Interactions with Select Pharmaceutical Drugs II-31
Soy II-32
Health Benefits of Soy II-32
Aloe Vera II-32
Some of the Major Benefits of Aloe Vera to the Human Body II-33
External and Internal Applications of Aloe II-33
Some Health Benefits of Aloe Vera Juice II-33
Multi-Herbs II-34
Specialty Herbs II-34
Black Cohosh II-34
Green Tea II-34
Milk Thistle II-35
Schisandra II-35
Valerian II-35
Yohimbe II-35
Saw Palmetto II-35
Saw Palmetto Found to Alleviate Urinary Tract Problems in Men II-35
Bilberry II-36
Boswellia Serrata II-36
Centella Asiatica (Gotu Kola) II-36
Chrysantheumun Parthenum (Feverfew) II-36
Dandelion Root (Taraxacum Radix) II-36
Dong Quai (Angelica Sinensis) II-36
Ephedra II-37
Eucalyptus II-37
Figwort (Scrophularia Nodosa) II-37
Grape Seed Extract II-37
Hops II-37
Hydrastis Canadensis (Goldenseal) II-37
Licorice II-37
M. Recutita, C. Nobile (Chamomile) II-38
Marigold (Calendula Officinalis) II-38
Poke Root (Phytolacca Decandra) II-38
Pygeum Africanum (Pygeum) II-38
Rehmannia Glutinosa II-38
S. Canadensis (Elderberry) II-38
Scutellaria Baicalensis (Scullcap) II-38
Trifolium Pratense (Red Clover) II-38
Trigonella Foenum-Graecum (Fenugreek) II-38
Urtica Dioica (Nettle) II-39
Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus) II-39
Other Herbal Supplements II-39
Alfalfa II-39
Arctium Lappa (Burdock) II-39
Astragalus Membranaceus (Evening Primrose) II-39
Bupleurum Falcatum II-39
Capsicum Annum (Capsaicin) II-39
Cayanne II-39
Cinnamon II-40
Crataegus Oxycanthus (Hawthorn) II-40
Kava II-40
Cat's Claw II-40

5. ADVERSE EFFECTS OF HERBAL SUPPLEMENTS II-41
Combining Prescription Drugs with Herbal Supplements can Cause
Harm II-41
Supplements Heighten Risk of Fatal Drug Interactions among
Heart Patients II-41
Herbal Supplements May Increase the Risk of Breast Cancer II-41
Impact of Herbal Supplements on Patients Undergoing Plastic
Surgery II-42
Herbal Remedies & Arthritis Patients II-42

6. EFFICACY OF HERBAL SUPPLEMENTS II-43
Are Herbal Supplements Really Effective? II-43
Some Notable Herbal Supplement Bans II-43
Ephedra II-43
Chaparral II-44
Penntroyal II-44
Kava Products II-44
MHUPO Prohibits Kava-Kava Sale II-44
Health Canada Bans Kava-Kava II-44
FSAI Orders Removal of 10 Herbal Supplement Products II-44

7. DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS II-45
Health Food Stores II-45
Mass Merchandisers II-45
Other Key Distribution Channels II-45

8. PRODUCT INTRODUCTIONS/INNOVATIONS II-46
DSM Unveils Innovative Nutritional Solutions Range at FiSA II-46
Hairline International Unveils AntiGray Herbal Nutrition
Supplement II-46
Blessed Herbs Unveils Joint Relief Herbal Supplement II-46
BioTerra Herbs Unveils New Herbal Remedies Range with
Innovative Packaging II-46
Pukka Herbs Unveils Pukka Organic Wellbeing Range of Food
Supplements II-46
Connell Brothers to Distribute SGS Brand Broccoli Seed Extract
in Asia II-46
Redd Remedies Unveils Pain T4™ Supplement for Throat Pain II-46
Natures Aid Launches Organic Omega's Range II-46
Natrol Introduces NuHair FOAM for hair rejuvenation II-47
Organic Doctor Range Launched in the US II-47
Merry Clinic Introduces Herbal Weight-loss Formulation in
LeanTone Max II-47
The Republic of Tea Rolls out BE ACTIVE TEAS Collection II-47
Cerilliant Launches Snap-N-Shoot® Multi-Component Mixes II-47
Boku Unveils Super Matcha Green Tea II-47
Naturopathica Rolls Out Aloe Replenishment Gel for Skin Care II-47
Schwabe Pharmaceuticals Develops EGb 761 Patented Ginkgo
Biloba Extract II-47
Cactus Botanics Unveils Milk Thistle Series II-48
Royal DSM Introduces Mind Health Nutritional Platforms II-48
Reliv International Launches LunaRich-Enriched Reliv Now for
Kids® II-48
MediHerb Launches an Enhanced Garlic Forte II-48
Twinlab Expands Nutrition Product Range II-48
Eternal Lifestyles Introduces New Range of Vitamins and
Supplements II-48
Tetley Unveils Three Innovative Green Tea Flavors II-48
Suntory Unveils Own-Brand Green Tea in Indonesia II-48
Celestial Seasonings Introduces ENERJI Green Tea Energy Shots II-48
Crodarom Unveils Ginseng Active II-49
InVite Health Launches GreenTea Fat Burner from Power Plant II-49
Orang Kampung Launches Herbal Teas II-49
Reliv Adds LunaRich™ to SoySentials® II-49
The Tea Spot Rolls Out Organic Green Teas II-49
INNOFOOD by Neuron and JR Suárez Monedero SL Introduce Black
Allium, the First Black Garlic II-49
Reliv International and Soy Labs Introduce Jointly Developed
LunaRich II-49

9. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-50
Aurobindo Pharma Acquires Natrol, Inc II-50
Youngevity Essential Life Sciences Takes Over Good Herbs II-50
Ricola Sets Up Ricola Kräuterzentrum, a Herb Processing Plant
in Laufen II-50
Viridian Nutrition Voluntarily Recalls Black Cohosh Root Capsules II-50
Valeant Inks Acquires Swiss Herbal Remedies II-50
Jamba Takes Over Talbott Teas II-50
DuPont Acquires Solae II-50
Pharmachem Takes Over Improve USA II-51
KT&G to Open First Ginseng Plant in China II-51

10. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-52
Arizona Natural Products (US) II-52
Arkopharma SA (France) II-52
Bio-Botanica, Inc. (US) II-52
Blackmores Ltd. (Australia) II-53
DSM Nutritional Products Ltd. (Switzerland) II-53
Martek Biosciences Corporation (US) II-54
i-Health, Inc (US) II-54
Himalaya Drug Company (India) II-55
Indfrag Ltd. (India) II-55
International Vitamin Corp (US) II-56
Natures Aid (UK) II-56
Nature's Answer (US) II-56
Nature's Sunshine Products, Inc. (US) II-57
NBTY, Inc. (US) II-57
Sundown Naturals (US) II-58
Nutraceutical Corporation (US) II-59
Pharma Nord APS (Denmark) II-59
Pharmavite® LLC (US) II-60
Potters Herbal Medicines (UK) II-60
Ricola AG (Switzerland) II-60
TwinLab Corporation (US) II-60

11. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-62
Table 11: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Geographic Region - US,
Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-62

Table 12: World Historic Review for Herbal Supplements and
Remedies by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures
in US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-63

Table 13: World 15-Year Perspective for Herbal Supplements and
Remedies by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar
Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years
2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-64
Herbal Supplements and Remedies Market by Product Segments II-65
Table 14: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Ginkgo Biloba by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,
Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America & Rest
of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-65

Table 15: World Historic Review for Ginkgo Biloba by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America & Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$
Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-66

Table 16: World 15-Year Perspective for Ginkgo Biloba by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 &
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-67

Table 17: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Garlic by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures
in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-68

Table 18: World Historic Review for Garlic by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years
2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-69

Table 19: World 15-Year Perspective for Garlic by Geographic
Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-70

Table 20: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Ginseng by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures
in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-71

Table 21: World Historic Review for Ginseng by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years
2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-72

Table 22: World 15-Year Perspective for Ginseng by Geographic
Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-73

Table 23: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Echinacea by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures
in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-74

Table 24: World Historic Review for Echinacea by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years
2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-75

Table 25: World 15-Year Perspective for Echinacea by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 &
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-76

Table 26: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for St.
John's Wort by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures
in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-77

Table 27: World Historic Review for St. John's Wort by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$
Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-78

Table 28: World 15-Year Perspective for St. John's Wort by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 &
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-79

Table 29: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Soy
by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$
Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-80

Table 30: World Historic Review for Soy by Geographic Region -
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed
with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2006
through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-81

Table 31: World 15-Year Perspective for Soy by Geographic
Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-82

Table 32: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Aloe Vera by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures
in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-83

Table 33: World Historic Review for Aloe Vera by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years
2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-84

Table 34: World 15-Year Perspective for Aloe Vera by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 &
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-85

Table 35: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Specialty Herbs by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,
Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest
of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-86

Table 36: World Historic Review for Specialty Herbs by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$
Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-87

Table 37: World 15-Year Perspective for Specialty Herbs by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 &
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-88

Table 38: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Multi-Herbs by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures
in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-89

Table 39: World Historic Review for Multi-Herbs by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years
2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-90

Table 40: World 15-Year Perspective for Multi-Herbs by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 &
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-91

Table 41: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Other Herbal Supplements by Geographic Region - US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-92

Table 42: World Historic Review for Other Herbal Supplements
by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$
Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-93

Table 43: World 15-Year Perspective for Other Herbal
Supplements by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-94


III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES III-1
A.Market Analysis III-1
Outlook III-1
Aging Population Offers Prospects III-2
Opportunity Indicators III-2
Table 44: North American Elderly Population by Age Group
(1975-2050) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-2
Women - A Crucial Customer Base III-3
Impact of Recession on the US Market - In Retrospect III-3
Efficacy of Herbal Supplements Remains a Major Concern III-3
Segmental Trends III-4
Gingko Biloba Runs the Risk of Cancer III-4
Garlic Extensively Used to Avert Cardiovascular Diseases III-4
Selenium Fortified Garlic as Nutritional Supplement III-4
Demand for Risk-Related Info on Labels of St.John's Wort
Supplements III-5
Gamut of Soy-Based Introductions III-5
Table 45: Ranking of Health Benefits offered by Soy in
Order of Consumer Awareness (2014) (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-5
Overharvesting Driving American Ginseng to Extinction III-6
Illegal Poaching Threatens to Upset Kentucky's Wild
Ginseng Trade III-7
Need for Healthier Lifestyles Drives Sales of Aloe Herbal
Supplements III-7
Black Cohosh Safe and Effective - States a New Meta-Analysis III-7
US FDA Bans Ephedra Supplements III-8
Regulatory Environment III-8
FDA Guidelines Governing New Ingredients and Manufacturing
Practices III-8
The Distribution Landscape III-9
Table 46: The US Herbal Dietary Supplement Retail Sales by
Channels (2013 & 2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Sales
Revenues for Mass Retail Stores, Specialty Stores and
Direct-to-Consumer Channels (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-9
An Overview of the US Dietary Supplements Market III-9
Table 47: The US Dietary Supplements Market by Type (2014):
Percentage Breakdown for Botanicals & Herbs, Minerals,
Specialty Supplements, Sports Nutrition, Vitamins, and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-10

Table 48: Frequency of Dietary Supplement Usage in the US
(2014) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-11
Adult Usage of Dietary Supplements Increases III-11
Product Launches III-11
Strategic Corporate Developments III-14
Select Key Players III-15
B.Market Analytics III-21
Table 49: The US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo
Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy,
Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal
Supplements Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-21

Table 50: The US Historic Review for Herbal Supplements and
Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-22

Table 51: The US 15-Year Perspective for Herbal Supplements
and Remedies by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Dollar Sales for Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea,
St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs,
Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements Markets for Years
2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-23

2. CANADA III-24
A.Market Analysis III-24
Snapshot of Canadian Ginseng Production and Trade III-24
Canadian Market for Natural Health Supplements III-24
Table 52: Canadian Market for Natural Health Supplements
(2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Sales by
Product Type - Health Foods, Medicinal Herbs,
Nutraceuticals, Sports Nutrition Products, Vitamins and
Minerals and Dietary Supplements (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-25
Strategic Corporate Development III-25
B.Market Analytics III-26
Table 53: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment -
Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort,
Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other
Herbal Supplements Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-26

Table 54: Canadian Historic Review for Herbal Supplements
and Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-27

Table 55: Canadian 15-Year Perspective for Herbal
Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Percentage
Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-28

3. JAPAN III-29
A.Market Analysis III-29
Outlook III-29
Reliance on Imports III-29
Green Tea Growers in Japan Eye the US Market III-29
Aging Population - An Opportunity Indicator III-30
Table 56: Japanese Elderly (65+ Years) Population:
2000-2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-30
B.Market Analytics III-31
Table 57: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment -
Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort,
Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other
Herbal Supplements Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-31

Table 58: Japanese Historic Review for Herbal Supplements
and Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32

Table 59: Japanese 15-Year Perspective for Herbal
Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Percentage
Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-33

4. EUROPE III-34
A.Market Analysis III-34
Europe - The Largest Herbal Supplements Market Globally III-34
Aging Population - A Key Growth Driver for the Market III-34
Table 60: European Country-wise Statistics of 60+
Population as % of Total Population: 2013 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35
Regulatory Environment III-36
Overview III-36
EU Directive Stifles Market for Non-European Traditional
Herbal Drugs III-37
EU Imposes Strict Regulations on OTC Herbal Medicines III-37
UK MHRA Advises Against Echinacea Usage for Children Under 12 III-38
Regulations on Garlic based Medicinal Products Sale in the EU III-38
Permitted Claims for Garlic Medicinal Products in the
European Union III-39
B.Market Analytics III-40
Table 61: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Geographic Region -
France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia & Rest of Europe
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-40

Table 62: European Historic Review for Herbal Supplements
and Remedies by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy,
UK, Spain, Russia & Rest of Europe Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years
2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-41

Table 63: European 15-Year Perspective for Herbal
Supplements and Remedies by Geographic Region - Percentage
Breakdown of Dollar Sales for France, Germany, Italy, UK,
Spain, Russia & Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2006, 2014 &
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-42

Table 64: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
for Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment -
Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort,
Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other
Herbal Supplements Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-43

Table 65: European Historic Review for Herbal Supplements
and Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-44

Table 66: European 15-Year Perspective for Herbal
Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Percentage
Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-45

4a. FRANCE III-46
A.Market Analysis III-46
Arkopharma SA - A Key Player III-46
B.Market Analytics III-47
Table 67: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo
Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy,
Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal
Supplements Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-47

Table 68: French Historic Review for Herbal Supplements and
Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48

Table 69: French 15-Year Perspective for Herbal Supplements
and Remedies by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Dollar Sales for Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea,
St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs,
Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements Markets for Years
2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-49

4b. GERMANY III-50
A.Market Analysis III-50
The German Market for Herbal Supplements - A Review III-50
German Green Tea Market III-50
B.Market Analytics III-51
Table 70: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo
Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy,
Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal
Supplements Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-51

Table 71: German Historic Review for Herbal Supplements and
Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-52

Table 72: German 15-Year Perspective for Herbal Supplements
and Remedies by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Dollar Sales for Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea,
St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs,
Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements Markets for Years
2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-53

4c. ITALY III-54
Market Analysis III-54
Table 73: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo
Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy,
Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal
Supplements Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-54

Table 74: Italian Historic Review for Herbal Supplements and
Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-55

Table 75: Italian 15-Year Perspective for Herbal Supplements
and Remedies by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Dollar Sales for Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea,
St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs,
Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements Markets for Years
2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-56

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM III-57
A.Market Analysis III-57
Market Overview III-57
Market Trends and Issues III-57
Britons Embrace Green Tea, the Effervescent Herb for
Various Health Benefits III-57
Green Tea Favorite amongst the Young III-58
Regulatory Scenario III-58
Traditional Herbal Medicines III-58
Licensed Herbal Medicines III-58
MHRA Cautions People about the Risks of Liver Toxicity with
Black Cohosh III-58
Key Distribution Channels III-59
Product launches III-59
Strategic Corporate Developments III-59
Select key players III-59
B.Market Analytics III-61
Table 76: The UK Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo
Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy,
Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal
Supplements Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-61

Table 77: The UK Historic Review for Herbal Supplements and
Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-62

Table 78: The UK 15-Year Perspective for Herbal Supplements
and Remedies by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Dollar Sales for Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea,
St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs,
Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements Markets for Years
2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-63

4e. SPAIN III-64
A.Market Analysis III-64
Product Launch III-64
B.Market Analytics III-65
Table 79: Spanish Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo
Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy,
Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal
Supplements Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-65

Table 80: Spanish Historic Review for Herbal Supplements and
Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-66

Table 81: Spanish 15-Year Perspective for Herbal Supplements
and Remedies by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Dollar Sales for Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea,
St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs,
Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements Markets for Years
2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-67

4f. RUSSIA III-68
Market Analysis III-68
Table 82: Russian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo
Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy,
Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal
Supplements Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-68

Table 83: Russian Historic Review for Herbal Supplements and
Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-69

Table 84: Russian 15-Year Perspective for Herbal Supplements
and Remedies by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Dollar Sales for Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea,
St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs,
Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements Markets for Years
2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-70

4g. REST OF EUROPE III-71
A.Market Analysis III-71
Strategic Corporate Development III-71
Select Key Players III-71
B.Market Analytics III-73
Table 85: Rest of European Recent Past, Current & Future
Analysis for Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Product
Segment - Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St.
John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera, Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs,
and Other Herbal Supplements Markets Independently Analyzed
with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2013
through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-73

Table 86: Rest of European Historic Review for Herbal
Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Ginkgo Biloba,
Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi- Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in
US$ Million for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-74

Table 87: Rest of European 15-Year Perspective for Herbal
Supplements and Remedies by Product Segment - Percentage
Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Ginkgo Biloba, Garlic,
Ginseng, Echinacea, St. John's Wort, Soy, Aloe Vera,
Specialty Herbs, Multi-Herbs, and Other Herbal Supplements
Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-75

5. ASIA-PACIFIC III-76
A.Market Analysis III-76
India & China Offer Significant Growth Opportunities III-76
Table 88: China and India Lead Global Population (July
2013): Table Depicting China and India's Huge Population
Vis-a-vis Other Countries' Population (in Million) by Age
Group (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-76
Focus on Select Markets III-77
Australia III-77
Australians Attracted to Decaffeinated Green Tea III-77
China III-77
Increasing Gingko Consumption in China III-77
Table 89: Chinese Ginkgo Biloba Market (2014): Percentage
Breakdown of Value Sales by Product Type (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-78
Chinese Ginseng Producers Eye Bigger Share of Global
Ginseng Revenues III-78
Domestic Aloe Industry Receives Government Backing III-79
Chinese Market for Dietary Supplements - A Review III-79
Regulations Governing Dietary Supplement Sales in China III-80
Hong Kong III-80
Ageing Population: A Growth Driver for Herbal Supplements III-80
Traditional and Herbal Products Popular Among Consumers III-80
India III-81
Indian Herbs Fall Short when Compared to Chinese III-81
Challenges Trailing the Indian Herbal Supplements Market III-81
Segmental Trends III-82
A Slow, Organic Growth Prediction for Green Tea
Consumption in India III-82
Soy Poised to Gain Importance in the Indian Protein
Products Market III-82
Aloe Vera Fails to Gain its Worth in India III-83
South Korea III-83
Market All Set to Grow III-83
Demand for Korean Red Ginseng Soars Skyward III-83
Table 90: South Korean Heath Supplements Market by Type
(2014): Percentage Breakdown of Sales Value for Red
Ginseng (Hongsam), Mineral & Vitamin Supplements, Aloe
Gel, Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-84
Philippines III-85
Ginkgo: One of the Most Popular Supplements III-85
Thailand III-85
Stiff Competition III-85
Vietnam III-85
Product Launches III-86
Corporate Development III-86
Select Key Players III-87
B.Market Analytics III-88
Table 91: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future
Analysis for Herbal Supplements and Remedies by Geographic
Region - China, India, a

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