Ozone Generation: Technologies, Markets and Players

Ozone Generation: Technologies, Markets and Players

  • May 2017
  • 254 pages
  • BCC Research
Report ID: 96588
• The global market for ozone generation technology (OGT) totaled $841.4 million in 2016. The market should total $1.2 billion by 2021, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.1% from 2016 to 2021.
• The OGT market for water treatment totaled $633.6 million in 2016, and should total $876.3 million by 2021, growing at a CAGR of 6.7% from 2016 to 2021.
• The OGT market for air and gas treatment totaled $205.2 million in 2016, and should total $305.7 million by 2021, growing at a CAGR of 8.3% from 2016 to 2021.

Chapter 1: Introduction


Study Goals and Objectives
This report provides a thorough analysis of the global ozone generation technology (OGT) market. The research is meant to give the reader a comprehensive overview of the size, growth and direction of the OGT market, including an assessment of its directing factors; technological hurdles and advances; dollar market values for 2015, 2016 and projections through 2021; company involvement; and regional data to provide insight into successful and unsuccessful global OGT-related programs and trends.

Reasons for Doing This Study
The global OGT market is thriving and evolving, as many factors are working to spur market growth. Prominent factors include global and regional population growth, increasing global pollution, improved technologies, and a growing number of successful OGT projects and products. There are also some hurdles that are hindering growth, or at least growth within some OGT market niches or regions, including the dangers associated with ozone use and the short supply of experienced staff. This report is designed to provide information and data for readers to understand the OGT market and to make knowledgeable, informed decisions related to their involvement in the industry.


Scope of Report
The scope of the market analyzed in this report includes OGT categories for water applications, air and gas treatment, and medicine on a global basis. Market segments for water applications include potable water (e.g., municipal, bottled, residential), wastewater (e.g., industrial, municipal), and process water and other water (e.g., pool and spa, aquaculture, remaining applications). The air and gas treatment category includes semiconductor manufacture and other air and gas treatment segments. OGT market data are provided in dollar value for 2015 and 2016, with projections given through 2021. Data breakdowns are provided for the previously listed market categories and segments. Regional data is presented for seven global regions: Asia-Pacific, North America, Latin America and Caribbean, Europe, Middle East, Africa, and Australia and Oceania, as well as for the 10 countries most involved in the OGT market. Estimated values used are based on manufacturers’ total revenues.


Intended Audience
This report will be beneficial for:
• Managers who must identify market opportunities and develop solid implementation plans for OGT activities.
• Research and development professionals who wish to stay on top of competitor initiatives and to understand the developments and obstacles within the global OGT market.
• Business development executives and entrepreneurs who work within the dynamics of the market and wish to identify possible opportunities and partnerships.
• Information and research center librarians who wish to access vital information.
• Policymakers and government officials who must understand the dynamics and scope of the market they are working to affect.
• Advertising agencies that work with clients involved in the OGT industry to design appropriate messages and images.
• Investors and stakeholders who wish to gain a well-rounded view of the OGT market, including its strengths, weaknesses and likely future direction.

Information Sources
Both primary and secondary research sources were used to prepare this report. The information was compiled from a number of industry resources, including trade journals and associations; government agencies; business, technology, science and law journals; company literature and websites; interviews
with industry-savvy individuals; and global research services and institutes. Information and data were collected from numerous government agencies, including the U.S. Census Bureau, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the World Bank, and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), as well as patent offices and other nongovernmental bodies, including ozone-related businesses, the Ozone Association of India and the International Ozone Association.

Methodology
The data in this report were calculated after a thorough analysis of the market and in-depth research of its many facets. The methodology to calculate the data included a review of historical data and supporting information; a determination and assessment of historical, current and likely future factors affecting market size and growth (i.e., political, economic, technological); research of umbrella, overlapping and niche markets, both supporting and competing; interviews with key individuals; a consideration of regional and demographic differences; a study of company projects, products and revenues; and a collection and analysis of market-related data. All revenue values are in U.S. dollars, unadjusted for inflation and measured at the manufacturer level.


Geographic Breakdown
In this report, the geographic regions considered for market analysis include:
Asia-Pacific
North America
Europe
Middle East
Latin America and Caribbean
Africa
Australia and Oceania
North America
Asia-Pacific
Europe
Middle East
Latin America and Caribbean
Africa
Australia and Oceania

Chapter One: Introduction . 2
Study Goals and Objectives 2
Reasons for Doing This Study 2
Scope of Report 2
Intended Audience . 2
Information Sources .. 3
Methodology . 3
Geographic Breakdown 3
Analyst's Credentials . 7
Related BCC Research Reports. 7
Chapter 2: Summary and Highlights .. 8
Ozone Generation Technology Market Overview . 9
Ozone Generation Technology Applications . 10
Population Growth Increasing the Need for OGT 12
OGT offers Green Alternative 12
Air Pollution Good for OGT business . 12
Successfully Completed Projects Supporting OGT Market Growth 12
Chapter 3: Overview .. 14
Ozone . 14
Ozone Lifespan .. 14
History of Ozone Generation Technology 16
Environmental Concerns Regarding Atmospheric Ozone 17
Ozone as an Antioxidant and Disinfectant .. 18
Ozone Generation Technology Methods . 21
Corona Discharge 21
Ultraviolet 21
Electrolysis .. 22
Cold Plasma 22
Advanced Oxidation Processes 22
Ozone Generation Technology Applications . 23
Ozone in Water Applications . 24
Ozone in Air and Gas . 30
Ozone in Medicine .. 33
Chapter 4: Market Growth Factors 34
Population Growth Boosting Need for OGT .. 35
Population Shifts Guiding OGT Market . 37
Increasing Global Water Consumption Raising OGT demand .. 40
Freshwater Depletion and the Need for Water Purification . 41
Water Scarcity and Stress Increasing Water Purification Needs . 42
Climate Change, Extreme Weather Events and OGT . 46
Flooding 48
Drought 48
Global Climate Changes 48
Mass Migrations Weighing Heavily on Water Supplies 49
War Increases Need for OGT . 50
Pollution Making Water More Precious .. 51
Air Pollution Is Expanding Interest in Air Purification 54
Ozone Generation Technologies and Global Wealth . 56
Increasing Levels of Industrialization . 57
OGT Use in Natural Disaster Response Incidents 58
OGTs and Healthy Work Environments 59
OGT Used to Decrease Harsh Chemical Use .. 60
Bottled Water Market Growth and OGT.. 60
Economic Benefits of Ozone Use . 61
Past Inconsistencies in OGT Have Hampered Growth .. 62
Competing Technologies: Ozone Not Alone .. 63
Competing Water and Wastewater Treatment Methods .. 64
Competing Indoor Air Treatment Methods .. 65
Cost Considerations for Water and Wastewater Treatment 66
Abundant OGT Applications Effect on Market Health .. 67
Availability of Trained Staff . 68
Successfully Completed Projects Support OGT Market Growth . 69
U.S. Ozone Installations 73
Ozone Therapy to Combat Illness 80
Varying Regional Acceptance of Ozone Therapy 81
OGT's Effect on Thriving Medical Markets . 81
Media Safety Concerns over Ozone 81
Ozone Safety Measures 82
Electrochemical Ozone Sensors .. 83
Heated Metal Oxide Semiconductor Sensors 83
Ultraviolet Absorption Sensor .. 83
Badges and Strips 83
Chemical Detection with Potassium Iodide .. 83
Soap and Water 84
New Technologies Combating High Costs Associated with OGT . 84
OGT and Food Security and Safety Issues 85
Semiconductor Industry's Volatility and Its Effects on the OGT Market 86
OGT and Endocrine Disrupting Compounds .. 86
Water Contamination Incidents and OGT 87
Water Recycling and Reuse Market Spurring Growth of the OGT Market 87
Stricter Water Regulations and Their Effect on the OGT Market .. 89
Regulatory Lags and Their effect on the OGT Market .. 90
Chapter 5: Ozone Technology Markets: Methods and Applications 92
Ozone Generation Technology Market . 92
Water Applications . 94
Potable Water .. 95
Wastewater . 105
Process Water 114
Other Water 129
Air and Gas Treatment 146
Air and Gas Treatment Segments. 147
Other Air and Gas Treatment Segments .. 151
Food Storage .. 153
Medicine 156
Generating Medical Ozone .. 156
Medical Ozone Applications 160
Chapter 6: Regional Ozone Technology Markets .. 163
Regional Markets .. 164
Regional Market Breakdowns 164
U.S. 172
China 174
Japan 175
India . 176
Germany . 177
Canada 178
U.K. 181
France.. 182
Russia .. 183
Brazil . 184
Chapter 7: Patents and Technologies .. 185
Global Patents . 186
U.S. Patents .. 187
European Patents .. 192
Canadian Patents .. 199
Australian Patents . 204
Primozone's Improvement on Cold Plasma Ozone Generation 205
Ozone Nano-bubbles of the Future . 205
ROSE Technology and Remote Control Operation .. 206
Household Ozone Spray . 206
Ozone to Degrade Aflatoxin . 206
Xylem's Advanced Oxidation Process . 206
Ecosphere Fracks with Ozone . 206
Ozomax Targets Survival Markets. 207
Roving Blue MVP Proven in Military Demonstrations 207
Scent Crusher Ozone Gear Bag .. 207
Touch Screen Water Faucet Ozone Generator .. 208
Mobile Disinfection Carts .. 208
Ozone Direct's Ozone Cabinet 208
Low-cost Ozone Generator from Shenzhen Nanbai Technology .. 208
Oxidation Technologies' Ozone Remediation Trailers 209
Primozone's Mobile and Containerized SM900 . 209
Chapter 8: Company Profiles .. 210
Large and Small Companies Thrive in the OGT Environment . 211
About BCC Research 253
About BCC Research. 254
BCC Library Access 254
BCC Custom Research . 254

List of Tables
Summary Table: Global Ozone Generation Technology Market, Through 2021 ($ Millions) . 9
Table 1 Ozone Properties . 14
Table 2 Ozone Half Life in Air, Based on Temperature (°C) 15
Table 3 Ozone Half Life in Water, Based on Temperature (°C/Minutes) . 15
Table 4 Produce Washed with Ozone 26
Table 5 Malodorous Substances and Odor Thresholds (PPM) . 31
Table 6 Global Population Growth, 1950-2016 (%) .. 35
Table 7 Global Population and Population Growth Projection, 2016-2100 (%) . 36
Table 8 Urban Population and Rate of Urbanization, by Country, 2011-2015 (%) 38
Table 9 Global 10 Largest Cities and Their Populations (Thousands) 39
Table 10 Water Use by Country, 2014 (Kilometers cubed per year) . 40
Table 11 Top 20 Countries Under Most Stress, 2000 (% of Land Area Under Stress) .. 43
Table 12 Water Stress by Country, 2000 (% of Land Area Under Stress) 44
Table 13 Water Withdrawal and Renewal, by Country (Billion cubic meters/%) 46
Table 14 Freshwater Pollution, Top 20 Countries, 2001 (Metric Tons) 53
Table 15 Freshwater Pollution for Countries Highlighted in This Report, 2001 (Metric Tons) 54
Table 16 Deaths Attributable to Air Pollution, 2012.. 55
Table 17 Air Pollution for Countries Highlighted in this Report, 2011-2014 (Assigned Value) 56
Table 18 Top 20 Countries by Industrial Production Growth, 2016 (%) .. 57
Table 19 Top 10 Countries' Bottled Water Consumption Per Capita, 2008-2015 (Gallons/%) 61
Table 20 Water Treatment Capital Costs by Technology Type and Plant Size (Average $/Gallon) 66
Table 21 U.S. Existing and Proposed Ozone Installations by Location, Manufacturer and Capacity, 1940-
2014 (1 mGD and Larger) . 73
Table 22 India's Ozone Safety Levels, 2006 (ppm) . 82
Table 23 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology, by Major Applications, Through 2021 ($
Millions) 92
Table 24 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Water Applications, Through 2021 ($
Millions/%) .. 94
Table 25 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Potable Water Treatment, Through 2021 ($
Millions/%) .. 95
Table 26 Global Market for Ozone Technology in Potable Water Treatment, by Type, Through 2021 ($
Millions) 96
Table 27 Global Market Share for Ozone Generation Technology in Potable Water Treatment, by Type,
2016 (%) 98
Table 28 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Municipal Potable Water Treatment,
Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) .. 101
Table 29 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Bottled Potable Water Treatment, Through
2021 ($ Millions/%) .. 102
Table 30 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Residential Potable Water Treatment,
Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) .. 104
Table 31 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Wastewater Treatment, Through 2021 ($
Millions/%) 107
Table 32 Global Market for Ozone Technology in Wastewater Treatment, by Segment, Through 2021 ($
Millions) . 108
Table 33 Global Market Share for Ozone Generation Technology in Wastewater Treatment, by Segment,
2016 (%) . 109
Table 34 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment, Through
2021 ($ Millions/%) .. 112
Table 35 Infectious Agents Potentially Present in Domestic Wastewater .. 113
Table 36 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Municipal Wastewater, Through 2021 ($
Millions/%) 114
Table 37 Ozone Applications in the Food Processing Industry .. 118
Table 38 Produce Washed Commercially with Ozonated Water . 118
Table 39 Ozone Applications in the Wine Industry .. 121
Table 40 Typical Ultrapure Semiconductor Water Standards, 2016 .. 123
Table 41 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Process Water Treatment, Through 2021 ($
Millions/%) 128
Table 42 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Other Water Treatment, Through 2021 ($
Millions/%) 130
Table 43 Global Market for Ozone Technology in Other Water Treatment, by Segment, Through 2021 ($
Millions) . 131
Table 44 Global Market Share for Ozone Generation Technology In Other Water Treatment by Segment,
2016 (%) . 132
Table 45 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Pool and Spa Water Treatment, Through
2021 ($ Millions/%) .. 134
Table 46 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Aquaculture, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%)
136
Table 47 Groundwater Contaminants Susceptible to Ozone . 140
Table 48 Ozone and Conventional Laundry Cycle Cost Comparison, 2017 142
Table 49 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Remaining Water Applications, Through
2021 ($ Millions/%) .. 145
Table 50 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Air and Gas Treatment, Through 2021 ($
Millions/%) 146
Table 51 Global Market for Ozone Technology in Air and Gas Treatment, by Segment, Through 2021 ($
Millions) . 147
Table 52 Global Market Share for Ozone Technology in Air and Gas Treatment, by Segment, 2016 (%)
148
Table 53 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Semiconductor Applications, Through 2021
($ Millions/%) .. 150
Table 54 Typical Industrial Odor Control Dosages (Ppm) . 152
Table 55 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Other Air and Gas Treatments, Through
2021 ($ Millions/%) .. 155
Table 56 Therapeutic Ozone Uses 157
Table 57 Veterinary Ozone Therapy Applications 159
Table 58 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Medicine, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) . 161
Table 59 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology, by Region, Through 2021 ($ Millions) .. 164
Table 60 Global Market Share for Ozone Generation Technology, by Region, 2016 (%) . 165
Table 61 Asia-Pacific Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) . 166
Table 62 North American Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) 167
Table 63 European Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) . 168
Table 64 Middle Eastern Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) . 169
Table 65 Latin American and Caribbean Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($
Millions/%) 170
Table 66 African Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) .. 171
Table 67 Australian and Oceania Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%)
172
Table 68 U.S. Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) . 173
Table 69 U.S. Market for Ozone Generation Technology, by Region, 2016 ($ Millions) .. 174
Table 70 Chinese Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) . 175
Table 71 Japanese Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) .. 176
Table 72 Indian Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) 177
Table 73 German Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) 178
Table 74 Canadian Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) . 179
Table 75 Canadian Market for Ozone Generation Technology, By Region, 2015 (%) 180
Table 76 U.K. Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions) .. 181
Table 77 French Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) .. 182
Table 78 Russian Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) . 183
Table 79 Brazilian Market for Ozone Generation Technology, Through 2021 ($ Millions/%) 184
Table 80 Patent Applications Received from Select Countries, 2015 . 186
Table 81 U.S. Patents Containing the Word Ozone Generation in the Title or Abstract, 2016 . 187
Table 82 U.S. Patents Containing the Word Ozone Generation in the Title or Abstract, 2015 . 188
Table 83 U.S. Patents Containing the Word Ozone Generation in the Title or Abstract, 2014 . 188
Table 84 U.S. Patents Containing the Word Ozone Generation in the Title or Abstract, 2013 . 189
Table 85 U.S. Patents Containing the Word Ozone Generation in the Title or Abstract, 2012 . 189
Table 86 U.S. Patents Containing the Word Ozone Generation in the Title or Abstract, 2011 . 190
Table 87 U.S. Patents Containing the Word Ozone Generation in the Title or Abstract, 2010 . 191
Table 88 U.S. Patents Containing the Word Ozone Generation in the Title or Abstract, 2009 . 191
Table 89 U.S. Patents Containing the Word Ozone Generation in the Title or Abstract, 2008 . 192
Table 90 U.S. Patents Containing the word Ozone Generation in the Title or Abstract, 2007 .. 192
Table 91 European Patents Containing the Word Ozone in the Title or Abstract, 2016-2017 .. 193
Table 92 European Patents Containing the Word Ozone in the Title or Abstract, 2015 .. 193
Table 93 European Patents Containing the word Ozone in the Title or Abstract, 2014 194
Table 94 European Patents Containing the Word Ozone in the Title or Abstract, 2013 .. 196
Table 95 European Patents Containing the Word Ozone in the Title or Abstract, 2012 .. 198
Table 96 Canadian Patents Containing the Word Ozone Generation in the Title, 1980-2015 .. 200
Table 97 Australian Patents Containing the Word Ozone in the TItle or Abstarct, 1995-1999 204

List of Figures
Summary Figure: Global Ozone Generation Technology Market, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) 10
Figure 1 Freshwater Stress, 1995-2025 45
Figure 2 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology, by Major Applications, 2015-2021 ($ Millions)
.. 93
Figure 3 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Water Applications, 2015-2021 ($ Millions)
.. 94
Figure 4 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Potable Water Treatment, 2015-2021
($ Millions) .. 95
Figure 5 Global Market for Ozone Technology in Potable Water Treatment, by Type, 2015-2021 . 97
($ Millions) .. 97
Figure 6 Global Market Share for Ozone Generation Technology in Potable Water Treatment, by Type,
2016 (%) 98
Figure 7 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Municipal Potable Water Treatment, 2015-
2021 ($ Millions) 101
Figure 8 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Bottled Potable Water Treatment, 2015-
2021 ($ Millions) 103
Figure 9 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Residential Potable Water Treatment,
2015-2021 ($ Millions) .. 104
Figure 10 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Wastewater Treatment, 2015-2021 ($
Millions) . 107
Figure 11 Global Market for Ozone Technology in Wastewater Treatment, by Segment, 2015-2021 ($
Millions) . 108
Figure 12 Global Market Share for Ozone Generation Technology in Wastewater Treatment, by Segment,
2016 (%) . 109
Figure 13 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment, 2015-
2021 ($ Millions) 112
Figure 14 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Municipal Wastewater, 2015-2021 ($
Millions) . 114
Figure 15 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Process Water Treatment, 2015-2021 ($
Millions) . 129
Figure 16 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Other Water Treatment, 2015-2021 ($
Millions) . 130
Figure 17 Global Market for Ozone Technology in Other Water Treatment, by Segment, 2015-2021 ($
Millions) . 131
Figure 18 Global Market Share for Ozone Generation Technology In Other Water Treatment by Segment,
2016 (%) . 132
Figure 19 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Pool and Spa Water Treatment, 2015-
2021 ($ Millions) 135
Figure 20 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Aquaculture, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) . 137
Figure 21 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Remaining Water Applications, 2015-2021
($ Millions) 145
Figure 22 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Air and Gas Treatment, 2015-2021 ($
Millions) . 146
Figure 23 Global Market for Ozone Technology in Air and Gas Treatment, by Segment, 2015-2021 ($
Millions) . 147
Figure 24 Global Market Share for Ozone Technology in Air and Gas Treatment, by Segment, 2016 (%)
148
Figure 25 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Semiconductor Applications, 2015-2021
($ Millions) 151
Figure 26 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Other Air and Gas Treatments, 2015-2021
($ Millions) 156
Figure 27 Global Market for Ozone Generation Technology in Medicine, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) 162
Figure 28 Global Market Share for Ozone Generation Technology, by Region, 2016 (%) .. 165
Figure 29 Asia-Pacific Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) 166
Figure 30 North American Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) . 167
Figure 31 European Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) .. 168
Figure 32 Middle Eastern Ozone Market for Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) 169
Figure 33 Latin American and Caribbean Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021
($ Millions) 170
Figure 34 African Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions). 171
Figure 35 Australian and Oceania market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) .. 172
Figure 36 U.S. Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) 173
Figure 37 U.S. Market Share for Ozone Generation Technology by Region, 2016 (%) .. 174
Figure 38 Chinese Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) . 175
Figure 39 Japanese Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) .. 176
Figure 40 Indian Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) . 177
Figure 41 German Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) .. 178
Figure 42 Canadian Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) 179
Figure 43 Canadian Market for Ozone Generation Technology, by Region, 2015 (%) .. 180
Figure 44 U.K. Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) .. 181
Figure 45 French Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) . 182
Figure 46 Russian Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) 183
Figure 47 Brazilian Market for Ozone Generation Technology, 2015-2021 ($ Millions) . 184

Country=World Industry=IndustrialGases ParentIndustry=SpecialtyChemical Date=201705 Topic=MarketReport Publisher=BCCResearch Price=6000